By John Armstrong
In the early morning hours of November 22, some 12 hours before the assassination, Mary Lawrence was working at the B & B Restaurant, just two doors from Jack Ruby's Vegas Club. She was the head waitress and had known Jack Ruby for the past eight years. She and the night cashier saw Jack Ruby and a person identical to Lee Harvey Oswald in the restaurant shortly after midnight on November 22. Following the assassination, she reported this to the Dallas Police and received a phone call on December 3 from an unknown male who stated, she said, "If you don't want to die, you better get out of town." When subsequently questioned by the Dallas Police, Mary Lawrence stated that the man with Ruby was "positively Lee Harvey Oswald." Neither Mary Lawrence nor her friend were interviewed by the Warren Commission. Adding some credibility to Mary Lawrence's report is the fact that few people in America knew back then what we know today--that Jack Ruby and (LEE) Harvey Oswald were seen together by many witnesses, in different locations, prior to the assassination, who gave statements to that effect to Dallas and D.C. authorities.
See Dallas Police Department report of Mary Lawrence's observations.
The Warren Commission's version of Oswald's actions on November 22, 1963, is familiar to many. What follows are the actual activities and whereabouts of LEE Oswald and HARVEY Oswald on that infamous day.
Russian-speaking HARVEY Oswald didn't drive and didn't have a driver's license. Around 7:15 AM, he walked the short distance to Wesley Frazier's house in Irving, TX and rode with Frazier to the Texas School Book Depository (TSBD) in Dallas, where he was employed. While HARVEY was riding in Frazier's car, American-born LEE Oswald, wearing a white shirt, was seen in Oak Cliff, a suburb of Dallas. J.W. "Dub" Stark was the owner of the Top 10 Record Store located at 338 W. Jefferson, across the street and a block and a half west of the Texas Theater. On December 3, 1963, FBI agent Carl E. Walters wrote a memo to the FBI's SAC (Special Agent in Charge) in Dallas. The memo stated, "On 12/3/63, Mr. John D. Whitten, telephonically advised that he heard Lee Harvey Oswald was in the Top 10 Record Shop on Jefferson on the morning of 11/22/63. Oswald bought a ticket of some kind and left. Then some time later, Oswald returned to the record shop and wanted to buy another ticket." News reporter Earl Golz confirmed this story in his interview with Mr. Stark (notes of Earl Golz). This story was further confirmed by Top 10 Record store employee Louis Cortinas, also in an interview conducted by Earl Golz (notes of Earl Golz).
Around 8:30 AM, while HARVEY was working at the TSBD, LEE Oswald entered the Jiffy store at 310 S. Industrial and took two bottles of beer to the counter. Fred Moore, the store clerk, asked Oswald for identification. FBI Special Agent (SA) David Barry interviewed Moore on 12/02/1963. Barry wrote, "identification of this individual arose when he asked him for identification as to proof of age for purchase of two bottles of beer. Moore said he figured the man was over 21 but the store frequently requires proof by reason of past difficulties with local authorities for serving beer to minors. This customer said, 'sure I got ID' and pulled a Texas drivers license from his billfold. Moore said that he noted the name appeared as Lee Oswald or possibly as H. Lee Oswald. As Moore recalled, the birth date on the license was 1939 and he thought it to have been the 10th month."
Minutes before the assassination seven eye witnesses saw
two men on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository. One of
the men was wearing a white or light colored shirt and the
other a dark jacket or dark clothing. Most of these witnesses said the
man wearing the white shirt looked like (LEE) Harvey Oswald. Several
witnesses saw one of the men (light colored shirt) holding a
rifle with a scope. Across the street, on the 5th and 6th floors of the
county jail, as many as 40 inmates saw two men on the 6th floor
"fooling around" with a scope on a rifle about six minutes before the
assassination. Attorney Stanley Kaufman represented one of the inmates,
Willie Mitchell, and advised the Warren Commission that numerous
inmates witnessed the assassination and saw two men on the 6th floor.
Kaufman always wondered why the WC never interviewed any of these
Mrs. Robert Reid was standing a few feet in front of the front steps to the TSBD when the shooting occurred. She then briefly spoke with with building superintendent Roy Truly and TSBD official O.V. Campbell before returning to her office on the 2nd floor. As she entered the front door of her office, Mrs. Reid saw a man wearing a white t-shirt enter the office from the rear door. She recognized the young man as (LEE) Harvey Oswald and said he was carrying a coke in his right hand. Oswald mumbled something to Mrs. Reid as he walked towards the front door of the office, and then down the front stairs and out of the building.
As Mrs. Reid was walking into the TSBD, Dallas Police Department (DPD) officer Marion Baker got off his motorcycle, ran 45 feet to the front steps of the TSBD, and began speaking with Roy Truly. Truly and Baker hurried through the main entrance, through the double doors, and into the first floor warehouse. By this time LEE Oswald, wearing a white t-shirt and carrying a Coke, had already left the TSBD. Truly repeatedly pushed the button to call the west freight elevator, gave up, and he and Baker then ran up the rear stairs. Baker emerged from the stairway onto the second floor and caught a glimpse of HARVEY Oswald through the glass window in the hallway door. Baker drew his pistol and hollered, "Come here." (HARVEY) Oswald, wearing a brown button-down shirt, was confronted by Baker at arms length. WC member Allen Dulles asked Baker, "Did he have a coke?" Baker replied, "No, sir.... No drink at all." After Mr. Truly told Baker that Oswald worked in the building, the two men left the lunchroom and continued running up the stairs. HARVEY Oswald, wearing a brown shirt, walked down the rear stairs, picked up his grey jacket from the domino room, and began walking toward the main entrance. As he was preparing to leave the building he was confronted by Pierce Allman and Terrence Ford (employees of WFAA-TV) who asked for the location of a phone. HARVEY Oswald, when questioned by Capt. Fritz, said that he watched one of the men use the phone as he walked out the foyer.
Victoria Adams, who worked in the TSBD, told the WC that she observed a man standing on the corner of Houston and Elm a few minutes after the assassination who may have been Jack Ruby. Across the street Mrs. Louis Velez, and two co-workers, saw Ruby walking up and down the street near the TSBD. When LEE Oswald came out of the building, they saw Ruby give a pistol to him. The women knew Oswald, who ate with them at a nearby restaurant, and both were acquainted with Jack Ruby. Mrs. Velez told her story of Ruby giving Oswald a pistol to her mother (Mrs. Evelyn Harris), who was interviewed by FBI agent Manning on 11/30/63. Neither Mrs. Velez nor her co-workers were interviewed by the DPD or FBI and given the opportunity to confirm or deny their story. If their story is true, then Ruby was deeply involved in the assassination. Ruby knew and associated with LEE Oswald in the summer of 1963, while HARVEY and Marina were living in New Orleans.
In October, a three-man musical "combo" group was
performing in Ruby's club that consisted of John Anderson (trumpet),
Bill Willis (drums), and William Simmons (piano). The small group
worked only four hours a day, from 9 PM to 1 AM. Curiously, and without
explanation, Willis and Simmons lived fifteen miles away from the
Carousel Club, in a house located at 2530 W. 5th in Irving, TX., just 200 feet west on the opposite
side of the street from Ruth Paine (2515 W. 5th). When Ruby shot
HARVEY Oswald, Nancy
Powell (Tammi True) told the WC that she saw Bill Willis (drummer) near
the police station. Neither Willis nor Simmons were interviewed by the
|This is Ruth Paine's home as seen from 5th
St. Jack Ruby band members Bill Willis and William Simmons
lived in a house located just 200 feet west, on the opposite side of 5th St., where they could easily watch the Paine home.
A few minutes after President Kennedy was shot HARVEY Oswald, wearing a long-sleeve brown shirt, left the book depository. HARVEY Oswald walked east on Elm Street and saw a city bus stopped in traffic as he was approaching Griffin St. He walked to the bus and began pounding on the door. Driver Cecil McWatters opened the door and allowed HARVEY Oswald, and a blond woman, to board the bus around 12:40 PM.
Reed, a 30-year army veteran, photographed McWatters' bus a few blocks
from the TSBD at about the very time HARVEY Oswald was on it.
Reed was a U.S. government employee, managing civilian employees under
the auspices of the U.S. Army, which was in charge of the Panama Canal.
The bus was soon stalled in traffic and about 4 minutes later Oswald got up from his seat, obtained a bus transfer, and left the bus via the front door. The blond woman left the bus at the same time via the rear door. This blond woman may have been following Oswald, may have followed him to Whaley's cab, and may have been the woman who asked Whaley to call a taxi for her. HARVEY Oswald walked three blocks south on Lamar St. toward the Greyhound Bus station and got into William Whaley's taxi. Whaley said, "He wasn't in any hurry. He wasn't nervous or anything." Oswald was wearing a dark brown button-up shirt, a t-shirt, and a grey jacket.
L. Reed took a second photograph of McWatters' bus a few
minutes later while the bus
was stalled in traffic close to the TSBD. This was very near the time
two police officers boarded the bus, looking for HARVEY Oswald. Reed
then took a photo of the 6th floor window of
the TSBD, and one hour later he took several photos of HARVEY Oswald as
he was being escorted from the Texas Theater in handcuffs. Stuart Reed
took all of these photos, which sequentially followed Oswald's
movements, within 1 1/2 hours. Reed dropped his film off at a photo lab
in Dallas, and then hurried to New Orleans to catch a boat to the Canal
Zone. Prior to boarding the boat, Reed signed an authorization that
allowed the FBI to pick up his developed photo slides in Dallas. The
FBI told the WC that a government executive (Reed), answering to the
military, took the photos. This seemed to satisfy the WC, and Reed
dropped out of sight without ever seeing his photos.
|Reed's photo of McWaters' bus as it
approached the School Book Depository.
||Reed's second photo of McWaters' bus shows
it stalled in traffic near the TSBD.
THE ATTEMPTED MURDER OF HARVEY OSWALD
of the brightest minds in the CIA planned the assassination of
President Kennedy. Top-level CIA officers like Angleton, Phillips,
Hunt, Joannides, and others could easily put together a hit team based
on the Operation 40 group. And they were very experienced in creating a
smoke and mirrors propaganda campaign and an evidentiary paper trail
that would be easy for investigators (Warren Commission) to follow and
fall in line behind, with the intractable conclusion that Oswald killed
the President. A tremendous amount of time, money, and effort was put
into setting up HARVEY Oswald as the one and only “patsy” in the murder
of President Kennedy. And these people could not afford to have their
one and only suspect remain alive for very long-with the real fear that
he might start singing like a canary to the police. The longer he was
held in custody, the greater that risk became. They needed him dead as
quickly as possible after he left the TSBD on 11/22/63. But HARVEY
Oswald's destination, likely chosen by his handlers, was clearly the
the assassination of President Kennedy, the killing of (HARVEY) Oswald
was the number one priority for the planners. This posed a serious
problem because the planners were not "on the ground" in Dallas to
carry out their objective and had to depend on others. Their worst
nightmare would be if HARVEY Oswald was arrested and began revealing
details of his work as a spy, his false defection to the USSR, his true
identity and place of birth, the CIA's "Oswald Project," his undercover
work for the FBI, and his activities leading up to the assassination.
If Oswald talked he could not only demonstrate his innocence, but
implicate others, and the public would soon learn who was behind the
coup d'etat that killed JFK. After JFK was killed, eliminating Oswald
as quickly as possible became their most urgent priority. It appears
the first attempt to kill HARVEY Oswald may have been on a Dallas city
bus driven by Cecil McWatters. Bus passenger Roy Milton Jones told the
FBI that shortly after a man (HARVEY Oswald) got off the bus, two
police officers boarded the bus and searched passengers for weapons.
was before anyone knew that HARVEY Oswald had left the TSBD. Why did
two police search that particular bus? Answer: They knew that HARVEY Oswald was
supposed to be on that bus. Who were these police officers?
W. R. Westbrook was in charge of personnel at Dallas Police
headquarters. He had his own office, worked at a desk, and dressed in
plainclothes. Westbrook's work, on a day to day basis, was more like a
civilian than a police officer. He told the WC, "At the present
time I am
personnel officer. We conduct all background investigations of
applicants, both civilian and police, and then we make--we investigate
all personnel complaints--not all of them, but the major ones." Around
12:31-32 PM one of the DPD dispatchers, Mrs.
Kinney, came into Westbrook's office and told him shots had been fired
at President Kennedy. Westbrook sent officers from his office,
Sergeants Stringer and Carver, and possibly Joe Fields and McGee, to
the TSBD building. But why did
Westbrook send his officers DIRECTLY to the Texas School Book
Depository building, when the earliest police
dispatches reported gunshots from the grassy knoll area?
told the WC that he then walked down the hall spreading the word and
telling the other people that they needed some men down there (TSBD)
and that almost everybody left (CIRCA 12:33-34 PM). Westbrook said that
"sat around" a while (TIME UNKNOWN--5 MINUTES?) and then began walking,
in civilian clothes, one mile to the Texas Depository Building, a 22
minute walk. Westbrook said there wasn't a police car available to
drive him, yet Capt. Westbrook could easily have asked the dispatcher
to call a patrol car. Westbrook said that while walking to the TSBD he
stopped along the way to listen to transistor radio
reports. Westbrook told the WC, "After we [WE, PLURAL!] reached the
building, I contacted my sergeant, Sgt. Stringer, and he was standing
in front and so then I went into the building to help start the search
[START THE SEARCH? THE SEARCH WAS ALREADY WELL UNDERWAY!] and I was on
the first floor and I had walked down an aisle and opened a door onto
an outside loading dock. And when I came out onto this dock, one of the
men hollered and said there had been an officer killed in Oak Cliff
[CIRCA 1:16-1:19 PM]."
WESTBROOK'S WC TESTIMONY ASIDE, HIS WHEREABOUTS FROM THE TIME HE WAS SEEN AT THE POLICE STATION (CIRCA 12:33-12:40 PM) TO HIS ARRIVAL AT THE TSBD (CIRCA 1:10-1:15) ARE UNKNOWN. HIS STORY OF WALKING TO THE TSBD, AFTER THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES WAS SHOT, IS NEARLY IMPOSSIBLE TO BELIEVE. THERE IS NO PROOF THAT WESTBROOK WAS EVER IN THE TSBD. BUT THIS STORY GAVE WESTBROOK AN ALIBI TO ACCOUNT FOR 40-50 MINUTES OF HIS TIME. CAPTAIN WESTBROOK WOULD LIKE US TO BELIEVE THAT HE WALKED 22 MINUTES TO THE SCENE OF PRESIDENT KENNEDY'S MURDER, BUT THEN HURRIEDLY DROVE TO THE SCENE OF OFFICER TIPPIT'S MURDER.
Kenneth Croy was a 26-year-old reserve police officer, separated from
his wife, and living with his parents. Croy told the WC that when
President Kennedy was shot he was sitting in his car at City Hall (same
as Capt. Westbrook). Croy said that while driving his car home he
was "hemmed in from both sides" by traffic on Main and Griffin for
about 20 minutes. He drove past the courthouse on Elm
and asked police officers (names unknown) if he could be of any
assistance. Croy said that after the officers said "No" that he
proceeded to drive home. Croy would
have us believe that he was told by these officers that his services
were not needed, when many off-duty police officers were called at home
and told to report for duty. And Croy testified that while at the
his estranged wife "pulled up beside me," and the couple then decided
to go to lunch together at Austin's Barbecue (yet Croy and his wife
were separated). But first, Croy
said that he needed to change clothes at his parents' home. On the day
of a President Kennedy's assassination Sergeant Croy would like us to
believe that his
priorities were to drive to his parents' house, change clothes, and
have lunch with his estranged wife!!
CROY'S WC TESTIMONY ASIDE, HIS WHEREABOUTS FROM 12:30 PM UNTIL 1:10 PM ARE UNKNOWN. HIS STORY OF SITTING IN HIS CAR WHEN THE PRESIDENT WAS SHOT, AND GETTING HEMMED IN WITH TRAFFIC FOR 20 MINUTES GAVE HIM AN ALIBI TO ACCOUNT FOR NEARLY 3/4 OF AN HOUR OF HIS TIME. CROY WOULD LIKE US TO BELIEVE THAT ON THE DAY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES WAS KILLED, ONE OF THE MOST MEMORABLE DAYS OF THE CENTURY, HE DECIDED TO HAVE LUNCH WITH HIS ESTRANGED WIFE AND GO HOME.
If HARVEY Oswald was not shot and killed on McWatters' bus, then the apparent back-up plan was to murder Dallas police officer J.D. Tippit near (HARVEY) Oswald's home in Oak Cliff, blame the murder on him, and expect that the police would shoot the "cop-killer" on site. (HARVEY) Oswald's arrival at the Texas Theater was no accident--he was there because he was following orders. His moving from seat to seat within the darkened theater, as remembered by theater patron Jack Davis, shows that he was looking for someone. After (HARVEY) Oswald was arrested the halves of two one dollar bills were among the items taken from him. Half of a dollar bill was a spy technique that allowed one agent to verify the identity of an unknown agent who produced the other half of the dollar bill (see DPD report below).
The murder of Dallas Police officer Tippit appears to have been pre-arranged and involved LEE Oswald and at least two Dallas Police officers, who witnessed the shooting. After LEE Oswald shot and killed Tippit at 10th & Patton, he likely met up with one of those police officers (Capt. Westbrook) and gave him his wallet, his white Eisenhower-type jacket, and the weapon used to kill Tippit (a .38 revolver). LEE Oswald then hurried to the Texas Theater, purchased a ticket, and ran upstairs to the balcony. Capt. Westbrook told the WC that he heard about the Tippit shooting when he was at the TSBD. Does Westbrook drive to the scene of Tippit's murder? No, he drives to a parking lot 1 1/2 blocks from the murder scene. Why? It was in this parking lot that Westbrook "found" (or planted) a jacket that allegedly was thrown down by the suspect in the Tippit shooting. Westbrook identified the jacket to the police dispatcher at 1:25 PM, and then drove to 10th and Patton. Westbrook immediately produced a wallet, complete with identification for Lee Harvey Oswald and Alec Hidell which he showed to fellow police officers and to FBI agent Robert Barrett. That wallet was filmed by WFAA television cameraman Ron Reiland. Now, thanks to Capt. Westbrook, police officers at 10th & Patton knew the name of the suspect who apparently shot and killed Officer Tippit. The wallet, last seen in the hands of Capt. Westbrook, soon disappeared and was never seen again--no police report, no FBI reports, no WC testimony, no HSCA testimony. This wallet proves that Captain Westbrook was complicit in the pre-arranged murder of Tippit and the framing of HARVEY Oswald for the crime of murder.
As taxi driver William Whaley drove south on Zang Blvd. his taxi, and passenger HARVEY Oswald, passed by Officer J.D. Tippit, who was observed by 5 witnesses sitting in his patrol car at the GLOCO station (1502 N. Zang Blvd) watching traffic. Tippit knew both HARVEY and LEE and his assignment that day may have been to drive both young men to the Texas Theater. After driving past Tippit's patrol car Whaley turned left on N. Beckley and stopped in the 700 block near Neeley Street about 12:54 PM. HARVEY Oswald got out of the taxi and began walking to his rooming house about three and a half blocks away. He arrived just before 1:00 PM and spent a few minutes changing his pants and work shirt (t-shirt) in his room.
sitting in his patrol car at the GLOCO station, may have been waiting
for HARVEY Oswald to get off of McWatters' bus at the bus stop directly
across the street. But when the bus failed to arrive on time Tippit
became alarmed, quickly left the GLOCO station, and began driving south
on Lancaster. A minute or two later, at 12:54 PM, Tippit reported his
position as Lancaster and 8th. He then turned right on Jefferson Blvd
and drove two miles (3-4 minutes) to the Top Ten Record Store. Tippit
parked his patrol car, hurriedly entered the store, and asked store
clerk Louis Cortinas for permission to make a phone call. Tippit said
nothing during the call, hung up the phone, hurried out to his car, and
drove north across Jefferson Blvd. (circa 1:00 PM). A few minutes later
Earlene Roberts saw a police patrol car drive slowly past HARVEY
Oswald's rooming house at 1026 N. Beckley. The police car was most likely
driven either by Officer Tippit or by Capt. Westbrook with Officer Croy.
NOTE: The author believes that on 11/22/63 the conspirators were given orders, and expected to follow those orders. If Tippit was waiting for HARVEY Oswald at the GLOCO Station, then it may have been Tippit who drove slowly past his rooming house at 1026 N. Beckley.
HARVEY Oswald was in his small room (at right) changing
clothes and probably heard the "honk-honk" of the patrol car (circa
1:03 PM). Out of the thousands of
houses in Oak Cliff, why would a police
car slowly drive past Oswald's rooming house less than 1/2 hour after
President Kennedy was shot, and honk the horn only minutes after he
(HARVEY Oswald) arrived? Because
the driver of the police car knew
where to find Oswald.
HARVEY Oswald left the rooming house wearing the dark brown long-sleeve shirt and white t-shirt, and was last seen by his landlady standing at the corner of Beckley & Zang (circa 1:03-1:04 PM). He probably got into the police car and, two or three minutes later, arrived in the alley behind the Texas Theater at 231 W. Jefferson (1.2 miles-1:05-1:07 PM). HARVEY Oswald then walked, sight unseen, from the alley through the narrow passageway adjacent to the theater, and then emerged on Jefferson Blvd only a few yards from theater cashier Julia Postal (see photo below).
HARVEY Oswald, wearing a long-sleeve brown shirt, purchased a ticket from Julia Postal and walked into the theater (circa 1:07-1:08 PM). It is important to remember that HARVEY Oswald had a .38 revolver tucked under his belt while in the Texas Theater. This was the gun taken from HARVEY Oswald by Officers McDonald and Carroll when he was arrested. Concession attendant Butch Burroughs said that Oswald arrived between 1:00 PM and 1:07 PM (Officer Tippit was shot around 1:08-1:09 PM). A few minutes after HARVEY Oswald arrived at the theater, Burroughs sold him popcorn (circa 1:15 PM).
After shots were fired at President Kennedy, LEE Oswald walked
the office of the Book Depository and was seen by Mrs. Reid carrying a
coke and wearing a white
He then left the building and may have been given a pistol by Jack
witnessed by three women from the Dal-Tex Bldg. LEE Oswald then walked west on
the Elm Street extension in front of the TSBD and waited. At 12:40 PM a
light colored Nash Rambler station wagon, with a chrome luggage rack,
pulled over to the curb and stopped. Deputy Sheriff Roger Craig heard a
shrill whistle, which attracted his attention, and watched as a young
man wearing a white t-shirt walked over to the car and got in. Craig
identified the man as (LEE) Harvey Oswald. Marvin Robinson was driving
his Cadillac directly behind the Nash Rambler when it suddenly stopped.
Robinson saw a white male hurry over to the car and get in. Robinson's
employee, Roy Cooper, was following him in a different vehicle and also
saw the man hurry over and get into the car. Both men told the FBI the
man who got into the Nash Rambler was (LEE) Harvey Oswald, but neither
man was interviewed by the WC. Helen Forrest saw the same man run
toward the Nash Rambler and get in. She said, "If it wasn't Oswald, it was his
Helen Forrest was never interviewed by the WC nor was her statement
published in the WC volumes. The Nash Rambler was last seen driving
under the triple overpass with LEE Oswald, who was wearing a white
t-shirt. Before meeting up with Officer Tippit near 10th &
Patton, LEE Oswald acquired a pistol and a light colored medium-sized
jacket that he wore over his white t-shirt.
About 1:03 PM LEE Oswald was seen by several witnesses in the Oak Cliff suburb of Dallas walking west near the corner of 10th St. & Marsalis--more than a mile south of HARVEY Oswald's rooming house. LEE Oswald was only three blocks north of Jack Ruby's apartment (223 S. Ewing), where he had been seen the night before by Helen McIntosh, a guest of Ruby's next door neighbor. Four blocks from Ruby's apartment, and only one block east of 10th & Patton, was a small, single story house at 511 E. 10th that was owned by attorney Dick Loomis, Sr., and his wife. Mrs. Loomis was a housewife and President of the Oak Cliff Fine Arts Club. She told FBI agents Griffin and Carter that a young couple, who were identical to LEE Harvey and Marina Oswald, lived next door in an apartment complex at 507 E. 10th (13 apartments) about one week before the assassination. Mrs. Loomis saw Marina and her infant child in front of her home and recalled that Marina had jet black hair (at this time Marina had two children). She said Marina wore very plain clothing and on one occasion wore a light blouse and plaid skirt and on another occasion a dark blouse and the same plaid skirt. She once saw a heavy-set man visit the apartment next door and thought it may have been Ruby. FBI agent James Hosty, who never met Oswald face-to-face prior to November 22, 1963, told fellow FBI agent Carver Gayton that he left notes under Oswald's apartment door. But the Warren Commission reported that Oswald lived either at his rooming house (1026 N. Beckley) or at Ruth Paine's house in Irving, TX, neither of which was an apartment. Hosty did not leave notes at Oswald's rooming house or at Ruth Paine's, but he could have left notes under the door at several of LEE Oswald's previous apartments, including 507 E. 10th, 1106 Diceman Avenue, or an apartment in Oak Lawn that Ruby rented for Oswald (according to DPD informant T-1).
Mr. Clark worked as a barber at the 10th Street Barber Shop, 620 E.
10th, two blocks north of Jack Ruby's apartment. Mr. Clark may have
been the first person to see LEE Oswald walking west on 10th Street,
four blocks east of 10th & Patton. FBI agent Carl Underhill
reported, "On the morning of 11/22/63 (no time specified) Clark had
seen a man whom he would bet his life on was Oswald passing the shop in
a great hurry and had commented on same to a customer in the chair."
Lee Oswald walked past the Town and Country Cafe at 604 E l0th, crossed
Marsalis Avenue, and continued walking west on l0th. William Lawrence
"Red" Smith, working on a project one block east of 10th &
Patton, began walking east toward the Town and Country Cafe (604 E
10th) for lunch shortly after 1:00 PM. Smith said that he, "felt sure
that the man who walked by him going west on 10th St. was LEE Harvey
Oswald" (interview of Smith by SA Brookhart 1/13/64). Tile
workers James W. Archer and Jimmy Brewer were sitting in Archer's
pick-up truck on the southeast corner of 10th & Denver. Brewer saw
the same man walking west on 10th St. Jimmy Burt, 505 E. 10th, was
across the street from the construction site where Smith was working
and watched the same man as he continued walking west. Burt described
the man (LEE Oswald) as a white male, approximately 5'8", wearing a
light short jacket (interview of Burt by SA Christianson and Acklin
12/16/63). Burt said that he "caught a glimpse" of the shooter but "was
never closer than 50-60 yards" to this man. William Arthur Smith was
with Burt at the time and described the same man as "a white male,
about 5'7" to 5'8", 20 to 25 years of age, 150-160, wearing a white
shirt, light brown jacket and dark pants (interview of Smith by SA Ward
and Basham 12/13/63). Smith told the Warren Commission that the man who
shot Tippit was too far away to positively identify him. Both Burt and
Smith watched this unknown man as he continued walking west on 10th St,
toward Patton. They saw a black police squad car driving east and
slowly pull over to the curb. The young man casually walked over to the
squad car and begin speaking with the officer through the passenger
window (circa 1:06 PM). After the assassination, Burt and Smith were
shown (HARVEY) Oswald's photograph and both men said this was not the
man who shot Tippit.
and labels courtesy of David Josephs
|Tippit's car parked in front of driveway
between 404 and 410 E. 10th
|Home of the Davis Sisters,
400 E. 10th
|Mrs. Holan's home at 409 E. 10th
||Mrs. Holans view of the Tippit murder scen|
Margie Higgins, a neighbor of Mrs. Holan who lived at 417 East 10th St.
said, "Well, I was watching the news on television and for some reason
the announcer turned and looked at the clock and said the time was six
minutes after one (1:06 PM). At that point I heard the shots."
Mrs. Higgins described the shooter and said, "He definitely was not the
man they showed on television." Mrs. Higgins called the police.
James W. Archer and Jimmy Brewer, sitting
in Archer's pick-up truck, heard gun shots and soon saw Tippit laying
in the street.
Shortly after 1:00 PM brick masons Francis Kinneth and Elbert Austin were working on a scaffold at a construction project when they heard gunshots. Both men heard shots, saw a policeman laying on the ground, and watched a man run from the scene and turn south on Patton. On January 21, 1964, Kinneth was shown a photograph of Oswald and said that he could not identify him as being the individual he observed leaving the scene of the Tippit shooting. Co-worker Franklin M. Griffin was eating lunch when he heard the shots, ran to the street, and saw the policeman laying in the street.
After hearing gun shots Jimmy Burt and William Arthur Smith quickly ran toward Burt's 1952 two-tone blue Ford, which was parked on Denver Street near 10th Street facing south. They jumped into the car and within a minute arrived in front of Tippit's patrol car. They arrived so quickly that they saw LEE Oswald walking south near the corner of 10th & Patton with a gun in his right hand. Burt got out of the car and began to follow LEE Oswald as he continued walking south on Patton.
LEE Oswald walked past taxi driver WW Scoggins, parked near the corner
of 10th & Patton, he was wearing dark trousers and a light shirt.
Scoggins called his dispatcher to report the shooting and his
dispatcher called for an ambulance.
Davis heard shots and looked out the screen door of her home at 400 E.
10th St. As LEE Oswald was cutting across the yard in front of her
house (400 E. 10th)) he removed empty shell casings from his gun
and tossed them on the ground.
Davis was probably not aware of a 2nd police car that during the
shooting was parked between 404 and 410 E. 10th St. But her WC
testimony places a police officer at the scene only moments after the
shooting, just after the shooter hurried around the corner of
Virginia Davis told the Warren Commission the policeman "was already there" after "he (the shooter) disappeared around the corner (seconds after the shooting)." Virginia said, "we ran out in the front yard and down to see what had happened." The policeman was likely 26 year old reserve officer Sgt. Kenneth Croy, who accompanied Westbrook in the 2nd police car seen by Mrs. Holan. Croy was the only police officer at the Tippit murder scene before the ambulance arrived (only 1 block from the scene). And Sgt. Croy was the only officer who said he saw Tippit being loaded into the ambulance. If the police officer seen by Virginia Davis was not Croy, then who was it?
Domingo Benavides, who was sitting in his truck on the opposite side of the street facing Tippit's car, watched Oswald as he left the scene. He remembered, "the back of his (LEE Oswald's) head seemed like his hairline sort of went square instead of tapering off. His hair didn't taper off, it kind of went down and squared off." HARVEY Oswald's hairline, as we know from numerous photographs taken at the police station, extended well down his neck and past his collar line--it was not "squared off" as described by Benavides. The white vehicle in the photo at left is the approximate location where Benavides stopped and observed the shooting.
Mr. Benavides. Yes. In other words,
he didn't go all the way on the sidewalk. He just cut across the yard.
Mr. Belin. Where was he when you saw him throwing shells? Had he already started across the yard?
Mr. Benavides. No, sir. He had just got back to the sidewalk when he threw the first one and when he threw the second one, he had already cut back into the yard. He just sort of cut across.
Mr. Belin. Now you saw him throw two shells?
Mr. Benavides. Yes, sir.
Mr. Belin. You saw where he threw the shells?
Mr. Benavides. Yes, sir.
Mr. Belin. Did you later go back in that area and try and find the shells?
Mr. Benavides. Yes. Well, right after that I went back and I knew exactly where they was at, and I went over and picked up one in my hand, not thinking and I dropped it, that maybe they want fingerprints off it, so I took out an empty pack of cigarettes I had and picked them up with a little stick and put them in this cigarette package; a chrome looking shell.
Callaway worked at a used car lot on Jefferson Blvd., across the alley
from the house where Virginia and Barbara Davis lived. He did not see
the shooting, but he did see (LEE) Oswald walking south on Patton at a
distance of about 60 ft. Callaway described him as "white male, 27,
5'11", 165 lbs, black wavy hair, fair complected, wearing a light gray
Eisenhower type jacket, dark trousers, and a white shirt" (CE 705, pg
27). When interviewed and filmed many years later, Callaway again said,
"he had on a white
Eisenhower type jacket and a white t-shirt"--once again no brown shirt, just a white t-shirt (brown shirt--HARVEY; white shirt--LEE).
The next person to see LEE Oswald was Warren Reynolds, part owner of
Johnny Reynolds Used Car Lot at the corner of Patton and Jefferson
Blvd. Reynolds followed Oswald a short distance and last saw him
walking past the Ballew Texaco Station. On January 22, 1964, FBI agents
Kesler and Mitchem showed a photograph of Lee HARVEY Oswald to
Reynolds, at which time he advised the two agents that he would
hesitate to definitely identify the man shown in the photograph as the
After talking with witness Ted Callaway Patrolman H.W. Summers reported that he had an "eyeball witness to the getaway man." The suspect was described as having black wavy hair, wearing an Eisenhower jacket of light color, with dark trousers and a white shirt. He was "apparently armed with a .32, dark finish, automatic pistol," which he had in his right hand. However, if an automatic pistol was used to kill Tippit, three of the spent shell casings would have been ejected at the point where Oswald began shooting Tippit and would have landed on 10th St. (near the passenger side of Tippit's squad car). After Oswald shot Tippit in the head, at point blank range, the last shell casing would have been ejected onto the pavement on 10th St., which it was not. Barbara and Virginia Davis watched Oswald as he crossed in front of their house and crossed their lawn, using his right hand to shake empty shells from an open revolver into his left hand. Two shell casings were recovered near a bush in the Davis' side yard on 10th St., about 50-60 ft. from the front of Tippit's squad car where the shots were fired.
|A semi-automatic pistol would have ejected
shell casings onto 10th St.
|Two .38 shell casings were recovered
near the bush
at the right side of the porch.
It is obvious to this author that LEE Oswald's pre-arranged
assignment was to kill Officer Tippit (which he did by intentionally
shooting him in the head), and then lead police to the Texas Theater
where HARVEY Oswald was sitting in the darkened theater with a loaded
.38 revolver. Tippit's murder would soon be blamed on HARVEY Oswald,
based upon identification found in a wallet that suddenly appeared in
the hands of Capt. Westbrook at 10th & Patton. Identifying HARVEY
Oswald as the killer of Officer Tippit would give Dallas Police ample
justification to shoot HARVEY Oswald on site, especially
if he was carrying a loaded revolver (perhaps with a defective firing
pin). But I always wondered about two issues.
1) How could the conspirators be absolutely sure that employees of the Texas Theater and the police would respond immediately to a young man who simply snuck into a movie theater, when their focus of attention was on the assassination of President Kennedy, the shooting of Texas Governor John Connally, and the murder of a DPD officer. Why would the police care about a person who snuck into a theater without buying a $.90 ticket? The conspirators needed to make absolutely sure that the police would be called, and that they would arrive at the theater.
2) The more important issue is that Tippit was shot at 1:06-1:08 PM, and it is only an 8-9 minute walk to the Texas Theater. Why were the police not called until 1:44 PM. What happened happened during that time (nearly 40 minutes) always bothered me, and has been on my mind for more than 20 years.
The author believes that after killing Tippit LEE Oswald met up with
Capt. Westbrook and gave him his jacket, his wallet, and his .38
revolver. LEE Oswald, when he entered the theater, was now wearing a
white t-shirt and dark trousers
(not a dark, long-sleeve shirt as reported by Johnny Brewer). LEE
Oswald should have arrived at the Texas Theater 8-9 minutes after
shooting Tippit (around 1:20 PM).
If Johnny Brewer had followed LEE Oswald, wearing a white t-shirt and
dark trousers, from his shoe store to the
theater, as he claimed, then Julia Postal would have called the police
around 1:20-1:25 PM and the police would have arrived within a few
minutes (as they did after being notified by Julia Postal at 1:44 PM). But
I don't believe Johnny Brewer's story. I don't believe Brewer saw
either HARVEY Oswald or LEE Oswald walk past his store on Jefferson
The author believes that LEE Oswald, wearing a white t-shirt and dark trousers, walked to the theater after killing Tippit and arrived around 1:20 PM. LEE Oswald had just shot and killed a Dallas policeman. He certainly didn't want to attract attention by sneaking into a movie theater. So he bought a $.90 ticket from Julia Postal (as did HARVEY Oswald around 1:07 PM), walked into the theater and up the stairs into the balcony. The missing 25 minutes begins at 1:20 PM.
At 1:22 PM the police dispatcher reported, "white male, 30, about 5'8", slender, black hair, wearing shirt, a white jacket, and dark slacks." If a Dallas radio station broadcast a description of the suspect at 1:30 PM, their only source of information was police radio broadcasts. The police reported that Tippit's killer was 5'8", black hair, white shirt, white jacket, dark slacks. But Johnny Brewer told Julia Postal and the WC that the man he saw sneak into the theater was wearing a long-sleeved dark brown shirt--not a white shirt and not a light colored jacket as reported by the police. Brewer also said that this man was acting suspicious and appeared to be scared outside of his shoe store around 1:30 PM. Brewer's description of Oswald's clothing did not match the police broadcast. Brewers description of Oswald acting scared did not match police observations of HARVEY Oswald after he was arrested. Police officers said Oswald was calm and showed no signs of being scared. This author believes the "missing 25 minutes" are the result of Brewer needing to wait to hear about the murder of a policeman on the radio. After hearing a description of the suspect Brewer could then approach Julia Postal, tell her that a suspicious man had snuck into the theater, and insist that she call the police. BREWER NEVER EXPLAINED HOW HE WAS ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE SUSPECT, WEARING A WHITE SHIRT AND A WHITE JACKET ACCORDING TO THE RADIO, AS THE SAME MAN WHO APPEARED IN FRONT OF HIS STORE WEARING A DARK BROWN, LONG SLEEVE SHIRT. AND, ACCORDING TO DALLAS RADIO STATIONS, INFORMATION ABOUT THE TIPPIT SHOOTING WAS FIRST BROADCAST AT 1:51 PM, LONG AFTER BREWER CLAIMED TO HAVE HEARD IT ON THE RADIO.
Five radio stations covered the Dallas area on 11/22/63, and all routinely monitored the Dallas police radio. Four of these stations did not broadcast the Tippit shooting nor its location until after Oswald's arrest at 1:51 PM.
At 1:35 PM Julia Postal was listening to KLIF radio and heard the official announcement that President Kennedy was dead. Julia said that Johnny Brewer appeared shortly after she heard the news of President Kennedy's death (circa 1:36 PM). Brewer asked Julia if she had sold a ticket to a man who was wearing a brown shirt and she replied, "What man?" (How would Johnny Brewer know about a man wearing a long sleeve dark brown shirt (HARVEY Oswald), when that man had been sitting in the theater for a half-hour?)
I don't believe that Julia Postal saw anyone, precisely because there
wasn't anyone--the entire story about a man sneaking into the theater
was made up by Brewer. WC Attorney Belin wondered why Brewer would ask
Postal if she sold a man a ticket, when Brewer had supposedly just seen
the man sneak into the theater without buying a ticket.
Brewer hurried into the theater and asked Butch Burroughs if he had
collected a ticket from a man who he thought had just entered the
theater and was acting very suspicious (Burroughs indicated he had not
collected a ticket). At this point we know that HARVEY Oswald (brown shirt) purchased
a ticket, entered the theater around 1:07-1:08 PM, and sat in the lower
section. LEE Oswald (white shirt) probably entered the theater around 1:20 PM,
purchased a ticket, and took a seat in the balcony.
The Warren Commission asked Butch Burroughs what he would do if a person entered the theater without purchasing a ticket.
QUESTION: If you saw someone enter a movie theater, apparently without buying a ticket, how likely is it that you would take any action at all? It's not like it was a violent crime, an assault, where a victim needed help. It's not your theater. It's not your business. Plus, there might be an exigent circumstance, such as that he already bought a ticket but had to do something else first...who knows? So, at most, you might tell a theater employee that someone snuck into the theater, in this case Julia Postal. But, would you take it on yourself to chase this person into the theater? I doubt it....
So, neither Butch Burroughs nor Julia Postal would have called the
police, even if they had seen a man sneak into the theater. It was
Johnny Brewer who raised such a commotion that Julia finally called the
police at 1:44 PM. But readers must
remember that Julia was not the only person who called the police about
a suspicious man hiding inside of the Texas Theater. JFK
researcher Leo Sauvage asked Dallas Assistant District Attorney Jim
Bowie whether a telephone call (by Julia Postal) had led to Oswald's
arrest. Bowie told Sauvage there was a
call from the cashier, but also that there were “Half a dozen calls” to
the police concerning a suspicious man sneaking into the theater. A "HALF A DOZEN CALLS" to the police, by a person or persons unknown, is a clear indication of a conspiracy. One
of those calls may have come from Jack Ruby's friend, Tommy Rowe, who
may have prodded Johnny Brewer into thinking that the suspicious man
who snuck into the theater killed officer Tippit. Rowe's "prodding" of
Brewer may account for some of the missing minutes. After "HALF A
DOZEN" phone calls to the police, the dispatcher finally reported that
a suspicious man had gone into the Texas Theater. Twenty six police
officers, mostly from 10th & Patton, quickly arrived at the
theater, but it is very important for readers to understand that Captain Westbrook was probably the first to arrive.
At some point LEE Oswald may have tried to leave the theater. He could have walked down the rear stairway and out the exit door that opened into the alley. Behind the theater was a young man standing next to a pickup truck with the engine running. If LEE had left the building, HARVEY Oswald would be sitting in the theater with the murder weapon. But Burroughs, able to see the west exit door at the bottom of the stairs to the balcony from the concession stand, may have prevented his departure.
Captain W.R. Westbrook had a desk job at police headquarters, where he was in charge of personnel. On 11/22/63 Westbrook took it upon himself to participate in a homicide investigation at the TSBD, yet there are no reports of his presence in that building. This author believes that Westbrook was never in the TSBD. This author believes that Westbrook was one of the police officers looking for HARVEY Oswald on McWatters' bus (circa 12:46 PM). After searching the bus, the author believes that Westbrook and Croy drove to Oak Cliff in an attempt to locate HARVEY Oswald (circa 12:52 PM). Were Westbrook and Croy the two police officers seen by Earlene Roberts, driving past 1026 N. Beckley, circa 1:01 PM? Westbrook and Croy soon arrived at 410 E. 10th for a pre-arranged meeting with officer Tippit. After witnessing the shooting of officer Tippit, Sgt. Croy remained at 10th & Patton and was seen moments later by Virginia Davis. Capt. Westbrook left the scene, met up with LEE Oswald, and then drove the police vehicle back to the TSBD and arrived around 1:15 PM.
Soon after Westbrook returned to the TSBD, the police dispatcher reported that an officer had been shot in Oak Cliff. Many police officers left the book depository and drove two miles to 10th & Patton. However, their stories differ as to how they got there and who they rode with.
None of these people agree as to
which officers rode in which car. However, it appears as though Hill,
Alexander and an unidentified person rode in one police car and arrived
about 1:23 PM. They began searching buildings in the 400 block of East
Jefferson, near the Ballew Texaco Station.
At 1:22 PM the police dispatcher reported, "He's a white male, about thirty, five eight, (siren) black hair, slender, wearing a white jacket, a white shirt and dark slacks."
At 1:24 PM the police dispatcher reported, A white male; approximately thirty, about five foot eight, slender build, has black hair, a white jacket; a white shirt and dark trousers.
Jim Ewell said the unmarked dark blue police car was driven by Capt. Westbrook with Sgt. Stringer, Sgt. Owens, and himself riding in the backseat (all three officers assigned to Westbrook in the personnel bureau). They arrived at 401 East Jefferson about 1:25 PM (one block south from 10th & Patton). It is important for readers to remember that Westbrook told the WC, "I am personnel officer. We conduct all background investigations of applicants, both civilian and police, and then we make--we investigate all personnel complaints--not all of them, but the major ones." Why does a personnel officer, who works at a desk in an office at the police station, involve himself in a homicide investigation? Westbrook told the WC, "I am the personnel officer and that then became (Tippit's murder), of course, my greatest interest right at that time." But Westbrook's actions and whereabouts show that he had very little interest in officer Tippit. Westbook did not drive to the scene of the Tippit murder at 10th & Patton. He did not drive to the hospital where Tippit was taken by ambulance. He did not visit Tippit's wife later in the day. Westbrook's priority was to drive to the parking lot behind the Ballew Texaco Station on East Jefferson, where moments later the suspect's Eisenhower-type jacket was "found."
Sgt. Owens got out of Westbrook's car and began talking with an
attendant at the Texaco Station. Ewell got out of Westbrook's car and
hurried to McCandles Minute Market, where he made a telephone call to
the "city desk" at the Dallas Morning News and told his employer that
he was in Oak Cliff. As Ewell left the Minute Mart he saw Assistant
D.A. William Alexander "with an automatic pistol stalking across the
balcony of a two story boarding house that police were searching." Sgt.
Stringer probably got out of the car and joined fellow officers in
shaking down adjacent buildings looking for the suspect.
Westbrook was then alone in his police car and, in the authors opinion,
drove past a 1954 Oldsmobile and either threw (LEE) Oswald's jacket
under the back end of this car or he already knew the jacket's
whereabouts. If Westbrook was not somehow involved with the jacket, then why did he drive from the TSBD directly to this parking lot?
Motorcycle officer John R. Mackey was in the parking lot. Mackey said: "About the time we reached the area the dispatcher was broadcasting information regarding the suspect & his escape route. We pulled up on Jefferson & started checking some cars parked behind a service station to see if the suspect was hiding in or under one of the cars. That's when we found his jacket. We saw Captain Westbrook in his car on Jefferson so I turned the jacket over to him." Mackey said that he turned the jacket over to Capt. Westbook. When questioned by the WC, personnel officer Westbrook said that he could not remember the name of the officer who found the jacket. Westbrook told the WC: "…. I walked on towards the parking lot behind the Texaco service station, & some officer...said, 'Look! There's a jacket under the car.... So I walked over & reached under & picked up the jacket." Westbrook said that he picked up the jacket. While Westbrook's and Mackey's stories may differ, both men were seen by Officer Thomas Hutson, who was about 25 yards away. Officer Hutson told the WC that he saw a fellow officer pick up the jacket.
1978 researcher Larry Ray Harris interviewed John Mackey, who
refused to discuss the jacket. Mackey told Harris, "that information
might be something they (senior DPD officials) don't want given out." I
doubt that "senior DPD officials" would care whether it was Westbrook
or Mackey who "found" the jacket. However, "senior DPD officials" would
not want to give out any information that suggested Capt. Westbrook was
connected to the jacket.
At 1:25 PM, only one minute after finding the jacket, the DPD dispatcher received information from unit #279 that the suspect had "dumped it [jacket] on this parking lot behind this service station at 400 block East Jefferson across from Dudley Hughes and he had a white jacket on. We believe this is it." But why would a motorcycle patrolman (Mackey) radio in such information when Capt. Westbrook was with him? The police dispatch logs show "unit #279" reported finding the jacket, but the log does not identify the officer by name. This unit number was used by two officers--J.T. Griffin and J.R. Mackey. The author believes that the officer who identified himself as unit #279 was not Mackey, but was Capt. Westbrook, who used Mackey's unit number when he called the dispatcher. Interested readers should listen to the DPD police dispatch recording of unit #279. The voice is that of a middle-age man (Westbrook?), not a young man (Mackey).
Nothing concerning this jacket, allegedly thrown down by the man who shot and killed officer Tippit, was discussed nor mentioned in the police logs for the next 20 minutes. Why?
When questioned by the WC about the jacket, Westbrook said "actually, I didn't find it--it was pointed out to me by either some officer that--that was while we were going over the scene in the close area where the shooting was concerned [the parking lot was 1 1/2 blocks from 10th & Patton], someone pointed out a jacket to me that was laying under a car and I got the jacket and told the officer to take the license number." Westbrook failed to identify the officer who discovered the jacket, because it was Westbrook who "planted" the jacket in the parking lot. Westbrook then said that he turned the jacket over to one of the officers, yet he could not remember the name of this officer. Capt. Westbrook, in charge of personnel, could not remember the name of the officer who gave him the jacket nor the name of the officer to whom he gave the jacket? More lies from Westbrook.
left is LEE Oswald photographed by his brother Robert in 1958. At
right is the jacket allegedly found
under a car near the Texaco station after the Tippit slaying. Are the jackets the same?
1:33 PM Eight minutes after receiving information relating to the suspects jacket, the police dispatcher was still using the original description of the suspect, "….white jacket, white shirt and dark slacks." Why? At this point the description of the suspect should have been "white shirt and dark slacks."
1:33 PM (Sgt. Owens to dispatcher). We're shaking down these old houses out here in the 400 block of East Jefferson right now.
1:34 PM officer M.N. McDonald requests more police squads to search the Abundant Life Temple.
1:34 PM Capt. Westbrook asks the dispatcher, "What officer have you got commanding this area over here where this officer was shot?"
1:34 PM Capt. Westbrook reported, "We've got a witness that seen him go north….after….shed his jacket." But Capt. Westbrook was lying. Westbrook never had a witness, but he needed a witness to say that the jacket belonged to a man who matched the description of the suspect. Without a witness, there was no way to connect the jacket to the man who shot Tippit. Westbrook was the only officer who said there was a witness that saw the suspect shed his jacket, but no such witness was ever identified or located. More lies from Capt. Westbrook, in order to link the jacket to the suspect.
1:35 PM The police dispatcher was still using the original description of the suspect, "….wearing a light grey Eisenhower-type jacket (why?), dark trousers, and a white shirt."
At 1:36 PM Officer C.T. Walker reported that a man fitting the description of the Tippit suspect ran into the Jefferson Branch library. Capt. Westbrook drove a few blocks to the library.
At 1:38 PM Sgt. Owens told the police dispatcher the man at the library "was the wrong man." Capt. Westbrook then drove to the Tippit murder scene for the first time, but for a very short time. There were now many police and dozens and dozens of on-lookers with whom he could mingle.
Around 1:36 PM Capt. Westbrook left the parking lot and drove a
few blocks west to the library, in response to a report that a
suspicious man was seen entering the building. After Sgt. Owens
reported it was the wrong man at the library Capt. Westbrook drove to
the Tippit murder scene for the first time.
NOTE: If Westbrook was the man seen by Mrs. Holan inspecting Tippit's body after he was shot and killed, then Westbrook's return to 10th & Patton had to be very brief. Otherwise, witnesses may have remembered his presence at 10th & Patton when Tippit was murdered.
Westbrook's reason for
driving to 10th & Patton was to show fellow police officers the
wallet given to him a half hour earlier by LEE Oswald. Identification
in this wallet would identify "Lee Harvey Oswald" as the prime suspect
in the murder of officer Tippit. Identification for Alek Hidell would
link Oswald/Hidell to the rifle found on the 6th floor of the TSBD.
There were now many police and dozens and dozens of on-lookers with
whom Westbrook could mingle. Hopefully, nobody would recognize Westbrook as the man who was with LEE Oswald when Tippit was shot and killed.
Between 1:38 PM and 1:40 PM
arrived at 10th & Patton and ordered officers to search the area
the shooting scene (in the direction of the Texas Theater). He
then began showing fellow officers the 2nd Oswald wallet. A few minutes
PM) crime lab officers
George Doughty, W.E. Barnes, and Paul Bentley arrived and inspected the
wallet produced by Westbrook. FBI Agent Bob Barrett arrived, parked his
car, and walked toward Tippit's patrol car. Barrett explained, "I went
on over there and Captain Westbrook was there with several of his
officers.... It hadn't been very long when Westbrook looked up and saw
me and called me over. He had this wallet in his hand. Now, I don't
know where he found it, but he had the wallet in his hand... the wallet
was there. There's no getting around that. Westbrook had the wallet in
his hand and asked me if I knew who these people were. I'm adamant that
there was a wallet in somebody's hand and (Westbrook) asked me if I
knew who 'Lee Harvey Oswald' was and who 'Hidell' were." As
showed the wallet to Barrett and fellow DPD officers WFAA-TV (Channel
8) news photographer Ron Reiland filmed the event. In the photo below
Sgt. Bud Owens is holding the wallet and Capt. Doughty is looking at
the wallet. Westbrook's possession of the wallet shows that he knew LEE
Oswald, and knew about the pre-planned assassination
of Officer Tippit. About
4-5 minutes after arriving at 10th & Patton Capt. Westbrook
reclaimed the wallet and returned to the parking lot behind the Texaco
NOTE: Identification from the wallet guaranteed that HARVEY Oswald was the prime suspect in the murder of Officer Tippit and President Kennedy. If HARVEY Oswald had not been found in the Texas Theater, a nationwide manhunt would have begun for the former "defector," the "communist" supporter of Castro, the man (Hidell) who ordered a 6.5 mm Mannlicher-Carcano from Klein's, the man who ordered a .38 revolver from SeaPort traders, the man who left the TSBD after President Kennedy was shot, and the man whose identification was found in a wallet at the Tippit murder scene. The wallet produced by Westbrook at the Tippit murder scene is the best single piece of evidence that proves both conspiracy and the framing of HARVEY Oswald. This wallet was never initialed by DPD officers, never entered into evidence, never turned over to the identification bureau or homicide department, never mentioned in police reports or FBI reports or discussed with the Warren Commission. This wallet, shown to officers for only a few minutes, was last seen in Westbrook's hands and then disappeared.
frame from Ron Reiland's WFAA newsreel footage
Westbrook was only at the Tippit murder scene for a few minutes, but that was long enough for Westbrook to show LEE Oswald's wallet to fellow police officers.
After showing the wallet, and identifying the suspect as Lee Harvey
Oswald, Westbrook reclaimed the wallet and returned to the parking lot
behind the Texaco Station. While at 10th & Patton Westbrook likely
told crime lab officers George Doughty and W.E. Barnes about the jacket
in the nearby parking lot. They then accompanied or followed Westbrook
to the parking lot where they photographed a 1954 Oldsmobile under
which the jacket was allegedly found.WFAA-TV (Channel 8) news
photographer Ron Reiland may also have accompanied Westbrook to the
parking lot where a brief film clip was made of an officer holding the
|Ballew Texaco Station (parking lot is behind the station)
||Jacket found under this 1954 Oldsmobile
|Jacket held by police officer
At 1:44 PM
someone called the police dispatcher and said, "The jacket the suspect
was wearing over here on Jefferson bears a laundry tag with the letter
B 9738. See if there is any way you can check this laundry tag." The
police logs identify the caller as Sgt. Stringer (personnel bureau).
interviewed in 1978 by researcher Larry Ray Harris, Stringer said, "I
see the jacket, and I didn't radio in on it." It appears that Capt.
Westbrook, using Sgt. Stringer's call sign, radioed the police
dispatcher and provided information about the laundry tag on the
jacket. Reporter Jim Ewell said, "I was with Westbrook as we all went
over to examine the jacket because it was the only tangible thing we
had at the moment that belonged to the killer. In fact, I held the
jacket in my hands."
At 1:44 PM the police
dispatcher reported, "Have information a suspect just went in the Texas
Theater on West Jefferson ... supposed to be hiding in balcony"
(17H418). Reporter Jim Ewell recalled, "They were discussing it [the
jacket] when the report came in that a suspect had just gone into the
Texas Theater. Immediately, Capt. Westbrook and Sergeant Stringer ran
back to their car, which was across the street, and I ran to jump in
the backseat. By that time, they were already turning out and
accelerating. When I got in the backseat with the door still hanging
open, I came out of the car hanging onto to the door. They slowed down
long enough for me to get back in." Capt. Westbrook, however, said
nothing about running to his car and racing to the theater. He told the
WC, "when I left this scene, I turned this jacket over to one of the
officers and I went by that church, I think, and I think that would be
on 10th Street." But Capt. Westbrook was lying. He did not give the
jacket to one of the officers. Westbrook held onto the jacket. He had
crime lab personnel initial the jacket for evidence (Barnes and
Doughty). Westbrook then took the jacket to police headquarters
(arrived circa 2:10 PM), wrote a police report about the jacket, and placed the jacket in evidence at 3:00 PM.
Jim Ewell said that when they arrived at the Texas Theater, Capt.
Westbrook parked his unmarked dark blue police car directly in front of
the theater (see photo by Stuart Reed). This is a good indication that
Westbrook was the first police officer to arrive at the
theater. Everybody jumped out and went into the lobby. Ewell was
clear that it was Westbrook who drove the police car. But Capt.
Westbrook told the WC a very different story. Westbrook told the
"Sergeant Stringer, I, and (FBI) Agent Barrett got in another squad
car, and I don't know what officer was driving this one, but then when
we arrived and were approaching the theatre, I directed the patrolman
to turn down into the alley instead of going around to the front
because I figured there would be a lot of cars at the front. There were
two or three at the back. So, I and Barrett---Stringer went to another
door, and I and Barrett---we stopped at the first one---we got out and
walked to this first entrance that was nearest us, and as we walked
into the door we met an employee of the theatre. Again, Capt. Westbrook
was lying. FBI Agent Bob Barrett did not ride to the theater with
Westbrook. In a 1977 interview for the HSCA, Westbrook said that
Barrett drove his own vehicle to the theater. Barrett, in a 1996
interview, confirmed that he drove himself to the theater in his own
car. Westbrook lied to the Warren Commission.
Westbrook drove his dark blue unmarked police car to the theater, but told the WC that a patrolman drove him to the theater. Westbrook parked his police car directly in front of the theater on Jefferson Blvd., yet told the WC he directed a patrolman to turn down the alley behind the theater. Westbrook was lying. Nearly everything Westbrook said concerning the jacket and his involvement with the Tippit shooting was a lie. Westbrook had to lie, in order to conceal his involvement in the Tippit murder.
HARVEY Oswald, wearing a dark brown
shirt (not a white jacket), had been in the theater since 1:07
to 1:08 PM. He sat next to
Jack Davis, changed seats a few times, purchased popcorn from Butch
Burroughs at 1:15 PM, and was then seen sitting next to a pregnant
(by Burroughs). The only "Oswald" that Brewer could have seen at 1:35
PM, if he saw anyone,
would have been LEE Oswald, wearing a short-sleeve
white t-shirt as described by the police dispatch. But who
does Brewer identify to the police in the theater? The man
brown long sleeve shirt--HARVEY
Oswald. I don't know if Johnny Brewer was a minor co-conspirator
or a "wannabe." But I do know
that when Brewer described the man he claimed to have seen in his
store to Julia Postal (dark brown
long-sleeve shirt) and to the WC, his description was very
than the suspect described by the police dispatcher (white shirt). Because of Brewer, the
police were called to the theater and arrested HARVEY Oswald, the man
wearing the long sleeve dark brown
lied about hearing (HARVEY) Oswald's description on the radio
broadcast. Brewer lied about Oswald acting suspicious and being scared
in front of his store. Brewer lied to Julia Postal. He lied to Butch
Burroughs. Brewer lied to the police when he identified the man wearing
the dark brown shirt (HARVEY Oswald) as the "suspicious
man" who snuck into the theater. Brewer lied to the Warren Commission.
Brewer had to lie, because Brewer never saw anyone in front of his
store. There are clear indications that Brewer may have been given the
description of the man arrested in the theater (dark brown, long sleeve
shirt) by a co-worker in his shoe store. Brewer most certainly did not
see HARVEY Oswald, wearing a long sleeve brown shirt, sneak into the
theater at 1:07 PM. Nor did Brewer see LEE Oswald, wearing a white
t-shirt, sneak into the theater around 1:20 PM.
Tommy Rowe, a very close friend of Jack Ruby's, worked at Hardy's Shoe Store with Johnny Brewer. In 1964 Rowe told researcher/publisher Penn Jones that it was he who told shoe store manager Johnny Brewer that he saw a man wearing a brown shirt enter the Texas Theater (click here to see Midlothian Mirror editorial about Tommy Rowe) . Inside the darkened theater Rowe claims that it was he (NOT Brewer) who directed the police to the man wearing the long sleeved brown shirt--HARVEY Oswald. Rowe was never interviewed by the DPD or FBI. For years after the assassination Rowe told friends, relatives, and JFK researchers that it was he, NOT Brewer, who pointed out (HARVEY) Oswald to the police in the dark of the Texas Theater. Rowe was so close to Jack Ruby that he moved into Ruby's apartment when Ruby went to jail for killing HARVEY Oswald . In 1967 the New Orleans District Attorney's office interviewed Tommy Rowe, who lived in Apt. 206 at 223 S. Ewing (the apartment next to the one occupied by Jack Ruby in 1963). If Rowe's statement is true then Johnny Brewer lied to Julia Postal, lied to the police, lied to the FBI, and lied to the WC. He never followed the man in the brown shirt, or anyone else, to the theater. The man responsible for getting the police to the Texas theater appears to have been Jack Ruby's friend, Tommy Rowe. And it appears that Johnny Brewer may have been merely a "wannabe" and not a co-conspirator.
LEE Oswald probably arrived at the theater 8-9 minutes after shooting Tippit, around 1:20 PM, and he was wearing a white short-sleeve shirt (not a dark brown long sleeve shirt).When the police arrived, they already knew the name of their suspect from identification in the wallet produced by Capt. Westbrook. And Westbrook probably knew that HARVEY Oswald was in possession of a loaded .38 revolver. If HARVEY displayed the revolver or pointed it at the police, he would be shot and killed.
POLICE ARRIVE AT THE TEXAS THEATER
The plan may have been to kill (HARVEY) Oswald inside the dark
theater, if and when Oswald pointed his .38 revolver (allegedly with a
defective firing pin) at the police. But the one thing the
could not control was the number of potential witnesses, both civilian
and police. Too many witnesses would make killing (HARVEY) Oswald
inside the theater difficult, if not impossible.
Capt. Westbrook parked his unmarked, dark blue police vehicle
directly in front of the theater. Jim Ewell said, "I went up
these stairs into the balcony. I stepped to the railing where I could
look down onto this. Then I saw the fight that broke out. Someone was
trying to hold the barrel of a shotgun, or train the barrel of a
shotgun down among the heads of these officers. I don't know what was
going on, but this person was holding a shotgun; I did see that." The only Dallas police officer known to have a shotgun at the Tippit murder scene was Capt. Westbrook.
POLICE IN THE BALCONY. The
police dispatcher reported that the suspect was wearing dark trousers
and a white t-shirt" and "Have information a suspect just went in the
Texas Theater on West Jefferson ... supposed to be hiding in balcony."
Deputy Sheriff Bill Courson entered the front of the theater, hurried
up the stairs to the balcony, and was "reasonably satisfied in his own
mind" that he met Lee Harvey Oswald coming down the front stairs. If this young man was LEE Oswald, then he was wearing a white t-shirt and dark trousers. Lt. Cunningham and Detective J.B. Toney encountered the young man and began to question him, perhaps because he matched the description of the suspect. As
Deputy Sheriff Buddy Walthers rushed up the stairs to the balcony, he
saw the officers as they were questioning the young man.
When police arrived in the alley, behind the theater, Capt. C.E. Talbert noticed a young man standing beside a pickup truck with the engine running. Officers questioned the young man and searched the pickup, but made no police reports about the incident. Talbert testified before the Warren Commission, but at no time in over 20 pages of testimony was he asked, nor did he volunteer, anything about the Texas Theater, Oswald's arrest, or the young man in the alley (24H242). We will probably never know the name of this man nor will we know what he was doing in the alley while LEE Oswald was hiding in the balcony.
POLICE IN THE LOWER AREA. When Johnny Brewer opened the rear exit door of the theater, the police
were waiting in the alley. Brewer claimed that he pointed out (HARVEY)
Oswald to the police inside the theater. However, this may not be true.
A very close friend of Jack Ruby's, Tommy Rowe, worked at Hardy's Shoe
Store with Brewer. In 1964 Rowe told friends, relatives, and JFK
researchers that it was he, NOT Brewer, who pointed out (HARVEY) Oswald
to the police in the dark of the Texas Theater. Rowe was so close to
Jack Ruby that Rowe moved into Ruby's apartment when Ruby went to jail
for killing HARVEY Oswald. (Click here to see Midlothian
Mirror editorial about
Tommy Rowe.) (Click here for a 3/1/68 Los Angeles Free Press interview
with Penn Jones and Roger Craig also discussing Tommy Rowe.) Unfortunately,
Tommy Rowe was
never interviewed by the DPD or FBI or WC or HSCA.
It is worth repeating that in 1967 the New Orleans District Attorney's
office interviewed Tommy Rowe, who lived in Apt. 206 at 223 S. Ewing
(the same apartment occupied by Jack Ruby in 1963). Mr. Rowe said that
he told shoe store manager Johnny Brewer that he saw a man wearing a
brown shirt enter the Texas Theater on the afternoon of November 22,
1963. If Rowe's statement is true then Johnny Brewer never saw the man
in the brown shirt in front of his store, enter the theater, nor did he
point out (HARVEY) to the police.
Capt. Westbrook parked his unmarked, dark blue police
vehicle directly in front of the theater. Jim Ewell said, "I went up
stairs into the balcony. I stepped to the railing where I could look
down onto this. Then I saw the fight that broke out. Someone was trying
to hold the barrel of a shotgun, or train the barrel of a shotgun down
among the heads of these officers. I don't know what was going on, but
this person was holding a shotgun; I did see that." The only Dallas police officer known to
have a shotgun at the Tippit murder scene was Capt. Westbrook.
As the police scuffled with HARVEY Oswald, Officer McDonald grabbed the revolver from Oswald's hand and passed it to Officer Bob Carroll. After Oswald was handcuffed, Capt. Westbrook ordered his officers to “cover his face” and “get him out of here” (“cover his face” because Westbrook knew that LEE Oswald was also in the theater. The two young men, Harvey and Lee, looked very much alike, and it would be difficult to explain why they were in the Texas Theater at the same time.) As HARVEY Oswald was taken out the front of the theater a DPD officer told Julia Postal, "we have our man on both counts." Julia said this was the first time she heard of Tippit's death and the officers arresting Oswald had identified him by calling his name-- "Oswald" (interview with Julia Postal by SA Carter 2/28/64). Thanks to Captain Westbrook, most of the police officers participating in Oswald's arrest already knew his name.
As noted above, Jones Harris, a long time assassination investigator,
arrived in Dallas the day after the assassination. He interviewed Julia
Postal in the office of the manager of the Texas Theater. Harris asked
her, when she saw (HARVEY) Oswald being led out of the theater by the
police, if she had sold him a ticket. Postal immediately burst into
tears. Harris walked out of the office and returned a short time later.
When Harris asked again if she sold (HARVEY) Oswald a ticket she again
burst into tears. Butch Burroughs, interviewed by Texas researcher Jim
Marrs, said that Julia Postal knows that she sold (HARVEY) Oswald a
ticket. Burroughs collected movie tickets when patrons entered the
theater. When Burroughs sold HARVEY Oswald popcorn, a few minutes after
he entered the theater, he must have recognized (HARVEY) Oswald as a
paying customer. Otherwise, Burroughs would have asked him if he bought
Oswald, wearing a long sleeve brown
was brought out the front entrance of
the Texas Theater and placed in Capt. Westbrook's dark blue, unmarked
police car. Stuart L. Reed, the 30-year army veteran who took a photo
of McWatters' bus on Elm St., took another photo of McWatters' bus near
the TSBD, and took a photo of the 6th floor window at the TSBD, was now
taking photos of HARVEY Oswald's arrest.
Ewell watched as the police brought HARVEY Oswald out the front of the
theater. Ewell said, "The next thing I recall is that I was out on the street with
the car that I arrived in (Capt. Westbrook's unmarked police car) between me and the officers bringing
out of the theater as they kind of separated the crowd and made an
aisle for him to come through to get to the car. I'd say that I was
about ten to twelve feet away from Oswald at the time." Jim Ewell said,
"Oswald then took my place in the
backseat of the same car that I
arrived in [the
car driven by Capt. Westbrook]." Officer Bob
carried HARVEY Oswald's revolver to the police car, and handed it to
Sgt. Hill (who worked for Westbrook). Officer Carrol drove, with
officer K.E. Lyons sitting on the
right and officer Gerry Hill in the middle of the front seat. HARVEY
Oswald was in the backseat with officer Paul Bentley on his right and
C.T. Walker on his left. Capt. Westbrook, when interviewed by the
WC, said nothing about Oswald being driven to police headquarters in
his unmarked police car.
From the police dispatch at 1:44 PM it had taken the Dallas police less than eight minutes to drive from 10th & Patton to the Texas Theater, arrest HARVEY Oswald, place him in the police car, and begin driving him to the police station (1:52 PM).
QUESTION: Bentley found identification for Lee
Oswald in this wallet, but there was no mention of any identification
for Alek Hidell
told WFAA-TV (11/23/63), "I removed
his wallet from his back pocket and
obtained his identification." Sgt. Hill said, "the only way we
out what his name was was to remove
his billfold and check it
ourselves; he wouldn't even tell us what his name was." Paul Bentley
removed HARVEY Oswald's wallet from his left rear pocket en route to
the DPD headquarters (along with Officers Carrol, Hill, Walker and
Lyons) and found identification for "Lee Harvey Oswald." Bentley and
Hill had possession of HARVEY Oswald's wallet, while Capt. Westbrook
had possession of a 2nd "Oswald" wallet. These two wallets could have
created serious problems, and alerted the public to the possibility of
two Lee Harvey Oswalds, if properly identified as evidence and
reported. HARVEY Oswald's wallet and contents were turned in at police
headquarters where all items were inventoried and photographed. But the
wallet that appeared in the hands of Capt. Westbrook at 10th &
Patton was unexplainable. A 2nd Oswald wallet could never, ever be made
public, and quickly disappeared--last seen in the hands of Capt.
of wallet removed from HARVEY Oswald by Paul Bentley. Bottom
center is Dallas library card
with address 604 Elsbeth (in Oak Cliff). The North Beckley address was not on any ID from this wallet.
It is worth remembering that (HARVEY) Oswald never gave the police his name or address while riding in the squad car to police headquarters.
NOTE: There were a total of five Oswald wallets: a black plastic wallet (CE 1798); a red billfold found at Ruth Paine's (CE 2003 #382); a brown billfold found at Ruth Paine's (CE 2003 #114); a billfold taken from LHO upon arrest--initialed by HMM (Henry Moore), wallet and contents inventoried and photographed; and the Westbrook wallet, which was not initialed by police, not listed in inventory, not photographed, not mentioned by a single witness to the FBI, WC, HSCA, ARRB, etc. and disappeared, but not before it was filmed by Ron Reiland of WFAA TV and seen by FBI agent Bob Barrett and other police officers.
leaving the Texas Theater, Capt. Westbrook ordered Detective Taylor,
Lt. Cunningham, and J.B. Tony "to take the names and addresses of the
occupants of the theater." Detective Taylor noted in his report (CE
2003, page 97, at WCH 24/243) that he, Lt. Cunningham, and J.B. Tony
remained at the theater following the arrest "and took the names and
addresses of the occupants of the theater." These officers would likely
have turned their completed lists over to the man who gave them the
order, Captain Westbrook. But these lists of theater patrons, like the
wallet produced by Westbrook at 10th & Patton, disappeared and were
again. There was no chain of evidence regarding the list of theater
patrons or the wallet, no police reports, and both items simply
disappeared. The WC, perhaps intentionally, did not take the testimony
of Taylor, Cunningham, or Tony. They could have asked any of these
officers what they did with their completed lists. The WC did ask
Westbrook about the list of theater patrons and, as can be expected, he
answered "No; possibly Lieutenant Cunningham will know, but I don't
know who has the list."
The WC asked Westbrook what he did after Oswald was arrested (1:51 PM). Westbrook told the WC that he “went back to city hall and resumed my desk.”
may not have seen HARVEY Oswald again after he was arrested, but he
most likely saw LEE Oswald and may have escorted him out the back of
the theater. Deputy Sheriff Bill Courson saw a young man
in the balcony who looked identical to Lee Harvey Oswald. One police
homicide report of Tippit's murder reads, "suspect was later arrested
in the balcony of the Texas theater at 231 W. Jefferson." At least two
other DPD documents reported the arrest occurred in the balcony. In his
report to Captain Gannaway, Dallas Police Detective L.D. Stringfellow
wrote: "On Novemberr 22, 1963, Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested in the
balcony of the Texas Theater, 231 West Jefferson Blvd., and was charged
with the murder of President John F. Kennedy and the murder of Officer
JD Tippit." How could several experienced, career police officers and
detectives report that Oswald was arrested in the balcony, when he was
arrested in the lower section?
Something happened in the 2nd floor balcony.
The author speculates that LEE Oswald may have been momentarily
arrested or detained in the balcony of the theater. Deputy Sheriff Bill
Courson hurried up the stairs to the balcony and was "reasonably
satisfied in his own mind" that he met Lee Harvey Oswald coming down
the front stairs. Lt. Cunningham and Detective J.B. Toney encountered
the young man and began to question him. As Deputy Sheriff Buddy
Walthers rushed up the stairs to the balcony, he saw the officers as
they were questioning the young man.
Sgt. Jerry Hill and Det. Paul Bentley were checking fire escapes in the balcony when Hill opened the exit door to the fire escape. Sgt. Stringer, standing in the alley below, heard someone inside the theater yell "We got him." The police officer inside the theater may have thought the man on the staircase, being questioned by Lieutenant Cunningham and Toney, was under arrest, which caused him to shout "we got him." This young man may have been wearing a white t-shirt and dark pants, which matched the description of the suspect as reported by the police dispatcher. But an unknown person, who identified himself as the "manager on duty," said the young man had been in the theater since 12:05 PM. The unidentified "manager on duty" may have been an accomplice who provided Oswald with a much needed alibi, as theater manager John Callaghan left the theater before the police arrived (Julia Postal, Butch Burroughs, and the projectionist were the only employees left in the theater). The young man was released. Sgt. Stringer, standing below in the alley, asked Hill if the suspect had been arrested. Hill looked back into the balcony area and said, "No, we haven't got him."
Something happened in the 2nd floor balcony that caused a police officer to yell, "We got him." Something caused veteran police officers to write reports that Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested in the balcony. Something happened in the 2nd floor balcony.
After HARVEY Oswald was arrested and taken out the front of the
theater, LEE Oswald was escorted out the back of the theater. There is
no police report, no record of arrest, nor any mention of a person
taken out the rear of the theater. Capt. Westbrook saw LEE Oswald shoot
officer Tippit at 10th & Patton. Capt. Westbrook produced a 2nd
Oswald wallet at 10th & Patton. Capt. Westbrook either planted or
knew exactly where to find the suspect's jacket. Capt. Westbrook was
the first police officer to arrive at the theater. Capt. Westbrook told
his officers to cover (HARVEY) Oswalds face and get him out of here.
Capt. Westbrook ordered police to compile a list of the names and
addresses of theater patrons, a list that soon disappeared. Capt.
Westbrook was the highest ranking officer at the Texas Theater, and it
was likely that Capt. Westbrook escorted LEE Oswald out the rear of the
theater. During author James Douglas's 2007 interview with theater
concessionaire Butch Burroughs, Burroughs said that he saw two
different people arrested in the Texas Theater. He saw (Harvey)
Oswald's arrest and then, "three or four minutes later," watched as the
Dallas police arrested "an Oswald lookalike." Burroughs added
that the second man arrested "looked almost like Oswald, like he was
his brother or something." Apparently, Butch Burroughs saw both
Harvey and Lee at the Texas Theater.
Bernard Haire, owner of a hobby shop two doors east of the theater, saw the police escort a young man who he thought was LEE Oswald out the rear of the theater. Perhaps the young man in the balcony, who was identified by Deputy Sheriff Bill Courson as LEE Oswald, was this man. For the next 25 years Mr. Haire thought he had seen the arrest of Oswald. If Bernard Haire and Butch Burroughs observed "LEE" Oswald taken out the back of the theater then who, if not Captain Westbrook, was responsible for escorting him out of the back of the theater? After all, it was likely Capt. Westbrook who watched his co-conspirator, LEE Oswald, murder Tippit at 10th Patton only a half hour earlier. After he was taken out the rear of the theater, someone (perhaps Croy) then drove LEE Oswald to a two-tone blue 1957 Plymouth that was parked nearby. Croy told the Warren Commission that after leaving 10th & Patton he drove by the Texas Theater (how convenient).
Capt. Westbrook returned to his office at police headquarters
shortly after 2:00 PM. A few minutes later, before Capt. Fritz began to
interrogate Oswald (circa 2:20 PM), someone told him that Oswald lived
on N. Beckley. Who in the police department, other than Capt.
Westbrook (and Tippit, who was dead; and Croy, who was allegedly
with his estranged wife), knew about HARVEY and LEE? Who knew HARVEY
Oswald's address on N. Beckley at 2:00 PM and had immediate access to Capt. Fritz? Capt. Westbrook.
Around 2:15 PM Sgt. Hill, assigned to the personnel office, brought the .38 revolver taken from HARVEY Oswald to Westbrook's office. The gun should have been taken immediately to Homicide and Robbery, but Hill brought the gun to the personnel office. Why? The murder weapon remained in Capt. Westbrook's personnel office for the next hour. The author believes that Capt. Westbrook secretly switched the revolver taken from HARVEY Oswald at the theater with the revolver used to murder Tippit (given to Westbrook by LEE Oswald). The .38 revolver used to murder Tippit was then initialed by police officers in Westbrook's office, entered into evidence, and turned over to the FBI later that evening. The .38 revolver, taken from HARVEY Oswald, and brought to Westbrook's office by Sgt. Hill, disappeared and was never seen again--thanks to Capt. Westbrook.
TWO .38 REVOLVERS
REVOLVER #1. Around
1:06-1:09 PM Tippit was shot with a .38 revolver. At the same time
HARVEY Oswald was sitting in the Texas Theater with a loaded .38
revolver. This author believes that after LEE Oswald shot Tippit, and
fled from 10th & Patton, he met up with Capt. Westbrook and gave
him his wallet, Eisenhower-type jacket, and the .38 revolver used to
kill Tippit. This author believes that Westbrook returned to the police
station and to his desk in the personnel office with these three items
REVOLVER #2. At
1:52 PM, after HARVEY Oswald was arrested at the Texas Theater, Sgt.
Hill took possession of HARVEY Oswald's .38 revolver from Officer
Carroll at the Texas Theater. According to Hill the revolver remained
in his possession, at Capt. Westbrooks office (the personnel office),
until he gave the weapon to Lt. Baker (Homicide & Robbery).
DETAILS FOR REVOLVER
Following the shooting of Tippit, LEE Oswald got rid of his wallet,
his white Eisenhower-type jacket, and especially the .38 revolver used
Tippit (LEE Oswald would not want to
carry a loaded .38 revolver into
the Texas Theater). This author believes that Westbrook received
items from LEE Oswald, and Westbrook had possession of all of these items
when he returned to his desk at police headquarters.
DETAILS FOR REVOLVER #2. After HARVEY Oswald was subdued by the police in the Texas Theater, his .38 revolver was taken by Officer McDonald and passed quickly to Detective Bob Carroll. Prior to entering the police car, and driving HARVEY Oswald to police headquarters, Carroll gave the revolver to Sgt. Gerry Hill, who was assigned to the personnel department and worked for Capt. Westbrook. Around 2:10 PM Sgt. Hill arrived at police headquarters and went to the personnel department with the .38 revolver (the serial number of the gun was not yet recorded). Sgt. Hill said the revolver taken from (HARVEY) Oswald remained in his possession until Lt. T.L. Baker (Homicide and Robbery) arrived and took possession of the weapon an hour later. However, Sgt. Hill did not actually have "personal possession" of this revolver while in the personnel department. Capt. Westbrook told the Warren Commission that he saw the revolver "laying on Mr. McGee's desk with the shells out of it." For approximately 1 hour this author believes there were two .38 revolvers in Capt. Westbrook's office at police headquarters. This author believes that Capt. Westbrook may have switched revolvers, with or without help from Sgt. Hill. The revolver taken from HARVEY Oswald at the Texas Theater (laying on McGee's desk) disappeared (just like Westbrook made the 2nd Oswald wallet disappear), and was replaced by Westbrook with the .38 revolver used to kill Tippit.
Around 3:15 PM Det. Baker came to the
office to pick up the revolver and take it to Capt. Fritz. Before
surrendering the gun to Det. Baker, officers McDonald,
Bentley, Carroll, and Hill initialed the .38 revolver in the personnel
office. IT IS VERY LIKELY THESE OFFICERS INITIALED THE .38 REVOLVER
THAT WAS USED TO KILL OFFICER TIPPIT (not the gun taken from HARVEY
Oswald at the theater). According to Hill, Det. Baker took possession
a .38 revolver and 6 rounds of live ammunition (3 Western .38 Special
& 3 Remingon-Peters .38 Special) and left. However, there is no
documentation (specifically a Crime Scene Search Section report) that
shows Sgt. Hill transferred possession of the .38 revolver to anyone,
including Det. Baker. There is an unsigned police report, allegedly
submitted by Sgt. Hill, wherein he claims to have given the revolver to
Det. Baker at 3:15 PM. But there is nothing from Baker that confirms
that he received this weapon from Hill.
Baker apparently took the revolver to Cap. Fritz (head of Homicide and Robbery), who was then interrogating HARVEY Oswald. Fritz then asked Officer R.A. Davenport, of the traffic division, to take the gun to the identification bureau. According to the police report, at 3:30 PM Capt. Fritz told Davenport to take a .38 revolver and 3 live shells to Capt. Doughty in the identification bureau (3 shells; not 6 shells !!). A police report, signed by Davenport at 3:30 PM, shows that he (Davenport) took a .38 revolver (serial # 510210) and 3 live shells from Capt. Fritz and gave them to W.E. Barnes and G.M. Doughty in the identification Bureau (see below). Barnes and Doughty are the same two officers who initialed the Eisenhower-type jacket that was allegedly "found" by Capt. Westbrook. This revolver (serial #510210) was then turned over to FBI agent Vincent Drain at 11:05 PM, and immediately taken to FBI headquarters in Washington, DC.
Prior to being questioned by the WC, Capt. Westbrook was asked to provide a resume relating to his involvement with the Tippit shooting. But in the resume Westbrook failed to mention anything about the suspect's jacket and, of course, nothing about the 2nd wallet. WC attorney Joseph Ball asked Westbrook, "When did this happen? You gave me a sort of a resume of what you had done, but you omitted this incident." Westbrook not only omitted any mention of the suspects jacket, but lied to the WC again and again. Westbrook falsely told the Warren Commission that he didn't have a car and was driven to the Tippit murder scene. He never once mentioned to anyone that he "found" a wallet at 10th and Patton containing ID's for "Lee Harvey Oswald" and "Alek Hidell." Once the jacket was "found" near the Tippit murder scene, he falsely claimed he "turned this jacket over to one of the officers...." He said he rode in a car driven by FBI agent Bob Barrett to the Texas Theater, when in fact he drove his own car there. Just before Oswald's arrest, Westbrook said he stood by the back door of the theater, although he really entered the front door. After Oswald was arrested, he was placed in Westbrook's own car (the car that Westbrook claimed he didn't drive to the theater) and driven to police headquarters. We have to wonder why Capt. Westbrook, in charge of personnel at the Dallas Police Dept., would involve himself in a homicide investigation. And we have to wonder how Capt. Westbrook was able to be in so many places at just the right time, with very incriminating evidence, if he was not a co-conspirator.
The lies and factual omissions in Capt.
Westbrook's accounts of his personal involvement in the events
surrounding the murder of J.D. Tippit have two common themes: They hide
his involvement in the murder itself, and they downplay his central
role in blaming the crime on Lee HARVEY Oswald and leading police
directly to him. Following the assassination, Capt. Westbrook
re-located to South Vietnam, where he worked as an advisor to the
Saigon Police Dept. (courtesy of the CIA).
The unanswered question is, Who was Captain W.R. Westbrook?
There are two varying accounts of police officers arriving at Oswald's rooming house at 1026 N. Beckley. The first account (WC testimony of the landlord and housekeeper) describes events that occurred within minutes of Oswald's arrest at 1:51 PM, before the police, FBI or any law enforcement agency knew that Oswald had a room on N. Beckley. The second account (WC testimony of police officers) has the police arriving at 3:00 PM. This was after Oswald was in custody and interrogated by Capt. Fritz, who told the WC that an "officer" (identity not remembered) told him Oswald had a room on Beckley.
The FIRST ACCOUNT
is based upon
the WC testimony of Mr. Arthur Carl Johnson, Mrs. A.C. Johnson
(property owner), and Earlene Roberts (housekeeper). These people said
that three plainclothes officers arrived between 1:30 PM and 2:00 PM,
and were joined shortly thereafter by two FBI agents. They asked if Lee
Oswald lived in the house, not realizing that Oswald was registered
under the name "O.H. Lee." As Oswald's picture appeared on television,
Johnson and Roberts recognized him as "O.H. Lee, while the police
recognized him as Lee Harvey Oswald. Mrs. Johnson, after realizing this
was the man the police were asking about, told the housekeeper,
"Go get your keys and let them see in." Earlene Roberts let the police
into the room occupied by Oswald, and said they took everything in the
room, including a pillow case and two towels and wash cloths. According
to the Johnson's and Roberts the police arrived within minutes of
Oswald's arrest, and then searched his room and removed evidence prior
to securing a search warrant.
The SECOND ACCOUNT is based upon the WC testimony of Dallas Police officers. These officers said they arrived at 3:00 PM, without a search warrant, and claimed they did not search Oswald's room until a search warrant was issued. Officer Potts called Capt. Fritz and told him that Oswald was registered under the name "O.H. Lee." Justice of the Peace David Johnson was contacted and issued a search warrant for Oswald's possessions, at 3:55 PM, and then drove to Beckley and served the warrant. Police officers then searched the room, removed everything, and then inventoried and photographed the items after returning to police headquarters. According to the police, everything was done according to procedure.
The arrival time of the police is crucial, because Oswald's address on N. Beckley was "officially" unknown to the police prior to Capt. Fritz's interrogation of Oswald, which began around 2:20 P.M. However, shortly after Capt. Fritz returned to police headquarters, an officer told Fritz that Oswald had a room on Beckley. This officer could have been responsible for the three plainclothes officers arriving at Beckley within minutes of Oswald's arrest. And who knew more about Oswald and Hidell than Capt. Westbrook? Capt. Fritz had a reputation for being able to remember minute details of investigations that occurred years earlier. Yet Fritz told the WC that he could not remember the name of the officer who told him the address of the man accused of killing President Kennedy and Officer Tippit!!!
Following are the details of the two accounts of police arriving at Beckley.
After Oswald's arrest (1:51 PM) Capt. Westbrook said he returned to
police headquarters and "resumed his desk." But around the time
that (HARVEY) Oswald was placed in the police car at the Texas
Theater, three plainclothes DPD officers and two FBI agents arrived at
his rooming house (a two minute drive from the theater). These officers
knocked on the door and asked Mr.
Arthur Carl Johnson
(husband of landlady Gladys Johnson) if Lee Harvey Oswald lived there.
Mr. Johnson asked his wife to talk to the officers. It
is worth remembering that (HARVEY) Oswald never told the police
his name or his address on N. Beckley while riding to the police
station in the squad car nor prior to his first interrogation.
After taking the testimony of Mr. Johnson, Mrs. Johnson (landlady) and
Earlene Roberts (housekeeper), the WC wondered who these five
officers/agents were and how they knew Oswald's address on Beckley.
was brought to headquarters, a fellow police officer told Dallas Police
Capt. Fritz that Oswald had a room on Beckley. But the WC failed to
follow up and identify this officer, who was likely Capt. Westbrook.
I don't believe
that Capt. Fritz would forget the name of a fellow police officer who
told him the address of the accused assassin of President Kennedy and
We know that police officers arrived at Oswald's rooming house on the afternoon of November 22, but the time of their arrival is crucial. If police officers and two FBI agents arrived shortly after Oswald's arrest, as remembered by Mr. A.C. Johnson, Mrs. A.C. Johnson, and Earlene Roberts, then someone in the police department had prior knowledge of (HARVEY) Oswald and knew his address on Beckley.
The owner of 1026 N. Beckley was Mr. Johnson's wife, Mrs. A.C. Johnson, and she was questioned by WC attorney Joseph Ball:
Earlene Roberts signed an affidavit (12/5/63) and said, "About thirty minutes later [after LHO left N. Beckley at 1:03 PM] three Dallas policemen came to the house looking for Lee Harvey Oswald. We didn't know who Lee Harvey Oswald was until sometime later his picture was flashed on television [as early as 2:20 PM]. I then let the Dallas policemen in the room occupied by Lee Oswald. While the Dallas police were searching the room two FBI agents came in. The police and FBI agents took everything in the room that belong to Lee Oswald and also took our pillow case and two towels and wash cloths."
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Carl Johnson and Earlene Roberts said the three plainclothes officers arrived between 1:30 and 2:00 PM, and were soon joined by two FBI agents. At 2:10 PM (CST), 11/22/63, local television broadcast the first pictures of (HARVEY) Oswald as he was being escorted through the basement at police headquarters (the same time that Mrs. Johnson told Earlene Roberts to "go get your keys and let them see in"). Reporters announced that he was under arrest for the Tippit murder and being questioned about the assassination of President Kennedy.
According to Mrs. Johnson, the police searched Oswald's room while she looked on. She noticed that one of the officers was holding a gun holster in his hands.
The Warren Commission attempted to show, thru the
testimony of Capt. Fritz, Walter Potts, F.M. Turner, and Justice of the
Peace David Johnson how the police learned of Oswald's address on
Beckley and sent officers to investigate. These officers arrived around
While interrogating HARVEY Oswald, Capt. Fritz asked him about his
2515 W. 5th in Irving. Oswald explained to Fritz that his wife and
children lived in Irving, but he had a room at 1026 Beckley.
After further discussion Fritz soon realized that the address was
"North" Beckley (instead of "South" Beckley). Fritz then stepped
outside the room and instructed his
officers (Senkel, Potts, and Cunningham) to go to Beckley.
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE DAVID JOHNSTON ISSUES SEARCH WARRANT
After reading the WC testimony of these people it becomes obvious that the time of arrival of the police officers is crucial. If they arrived between 1:30 and 2:00 PM, as remembered by Mr. and Mrs. Johnson and Earlene Roberts, then someone in the Dallas police had prior knowledge of HARVEY Oswald and of his address. If the police officers arrived at 3:00 PM, then the memories of Mr. and Mrs. Johnson and Earlene Roberts are incorrect. The over-riding question and concern, that has never been answered or explained, is the identity of the police officer who told Capt. Fritz that Oswald had a room on Beckley. This man was very likely a co-conspirator. And why would these officers arrive at Beckley so early, without a search warrant? One possibility was to plant evidence, such as a .38 holster.
HARVEY Oswald, sitting in the Dallas jail, now had
both the CIA and FBI desperately trying to distance themselves from
him, link him with Castro and/or Cuba, frame him for the assassination,
hide his true identity, and create a legend that portrayed him as a
"lone nut." LEE Oswald was not in jail, and shortly after HARVEY's
arrest he was seen driving a two-tone blue
1957 Plymouth back and forth on Davis St., six blocks north of the
Texas Theater. Oswald soon drove his car behind a large billboard and
appeared to be hiding from the police who were patrolling the streets.
T.F. White, a career mechanic who worked across the street at Mack
Pate's Auto Service, was curious and walked toward the car. The man,
sitting in the car with the engine running, was wearing a white
t-shirt and looked directly at Mr. White. As White walked toward
the car the driver quickly sped away throwing gravel with his rear
tires. White wrote the make and model of the car and the license plate
number (PP4537) in his notebook.
After seeing Oswald's photograph on television Mr. White contacted the FBI. He told FBI agent Charles Brown the man driving the car was (LEE) Oswald, and gave him the number of the license plate. The authorities soon determined the license plates were registered to a two-tone blue 1957 Plymouth that was owned by Tippit's best friend, Carl Mather, an employee of Collins Radio (a very important CIA contractor). So, LEE Oswald murdered Tippit and an hour later was driving a car owned by Tippit's best friend, Carl Mather. Wes Wise (later the Mayor of Dallas), accompanied by a CBS reporter, interviewed Carl and Barbara Mather over dinner. Barbara Mather was calm, but Carl Mather was so upset and agitated that he was unable to eat. Years later Carl Mather agreed to be interviewed by the HSCA, but not before insisting on a grant of immunity. Ken Porter, another employee of Collins Radio, quit his job after the assassination, divorced his wife, and married Oswald's widow--Marina. In the FBI report relating to Mr. White's sighting of Oswald driving Carl Mather's car, the FBI changed the two-tone blue 1957 Plymouth to a red Ford Falcon. This allowed Carl Mather's wife, Barbara, to tell the FBI that they had never owned a red car.
The fate of HARVEY Oswald, in Dallas Police custody until he was killed by Jack Ruby, is well-known. But LEE Oswald's whereabouts following the assassination became increasingly difficult to follow. One intriguing account of his possible escape from the Dallas area comes from a decorated U.S. Air Force 20-year veteran named Robert Vinson. Vinson said that on the afternoon of November 22 he was a passenger on a nearly deserted C-54 cargo plane that departed from Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland. Soon after the assassination the plane was diverted and landed on what appeared to be a road under construction near the Trinity River south of Dallas. There, Vinson said, a Jeep carrying two men and a driver pulled up to the plane and two passengers came aboard. Vinson said the taller man might have been Cuban, and, after he saw televised pictures of Lee HARVEY Oswald, he felt the shorter man "looked an awful lot like Oswald." The flight continued to an Air Force Base in Roswell, New Mexico, where all the passengers deplaned. Vinson said he was told the entire base was on lockdown until later in the evening. Click here for Part 2 of the YouTube interview with Vinson. Additional background information on Vinson is in Part 1 of the interview, also on YouTube.
The day after the assassination (Saturday, 11/23/63) Hoover wrote to James J. Rowley, head of the US Secret Service, and said, "There are enclosed the results of our inquiry into the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and background information relative to Lee Harvey Oswald."
next day (Sunday, 11/24/63) Jack Ruby shot and killed (HARVEY) Oswald.
FBI Associate Director Clyde Tolson sent a memo to FBI official Alan
Belmont. Tolson wrote, "Shanklin said results
of the investigation have been reduced to written form
and consequently the information will all be available for these two
supervisors. We can prepare a memorandum to the Attorney General
[Robert Kennedy] to set out the evidence showing that Oswald is
responsible for the shooting that killed the President. We will show
that Oswald was an avowed Marxist, a former defector to the Soviet
union and an active member of the FPCC, which has been financed by
Castro. We will set forth the items of evidence which make it clear
that Oswald is the man who killed the President."
Within 48 hours of President Kennedy's assassination, the FBI had already decided that Oswald was the lone assassin of President Kennedy. All they needed to do was to make sure the items of evidence and documentation supported their conclusion. FBI official William Sullivan knew the FBI's capabilities and said, "When an enormous organization like the FBI with tremendous power still can sit back and shuffle the deck of cards and pick up the card they want to show you it may be you're not going to get the entire picture as fully as you would otherwise.... If there were documents that possibly he [Hoover] didn't want to come to the light of the public, then those documents no longer exist, and the truth will never be known."
and his FBI would make sure that all evidence given to the Warren
Commision supported the Bureau's conclusion that one man, "Lee Harvey
Oswald," had assassinated JFK. This is precisely why FBI agent Vince
Drain took all evidence collected by the Dallas Police to Washington,
DC in the early morning hours of November 23 (approximately 225 items).
Three days later, after altering, manipulating, and adding items of
"evidence" that would be used to help frame HARVEY Oswald, the FBI
returned 455 items of evidence to the Dallas Police. How can we tell
which items of "so-called evidence" were added by the FBI? Simply look
at any of the original 225 item of evidence confiscated by the Dallas
Police and listed on their inventories (Stoval A & B; Turner #1).
Each of these items were initialed by DPD officers, listed in
inventory, and photographed on the floor of Dallas Police Headquarters.
Items listed on the joint FBI/DPD inventory of 11/26/63 (455 items)
that do NOT have the initials of DPD officers and are NOT listed on the
original DPD inventories were items that were added by the FBI in
Washington, DC. Very simple. While at the National Archives I inspected
all items listed on the joint FBI/DPD inventory. It was very easy to
see which items had been initialed and dated by the Dallas Police, and
which items had not been initialed by the police and were simply
"added" to the inventory.
FBI agent James Hosty was ordered to have no discussions with Oswald and not to investigate his background. On January 27, 1964, less than two months after the Warren Commission was created, member Senator Richard Russell said, "They [FBI] have tried the case and reached a verdict on every count." Warren Commission member Hale Boggs wrote to JFK researcher Harold Weisberg and said, "We have not been told the truth about Oswald." In 1964 the New York Times quoted Chief Justice Earl Warren who said, "Full disclosure was not possible for reasons of national security." But if Oswald was the lone gunman and if he was not a government agent and if there was no conspiracy, then please tell us, Mr. Chief Justice, why cover up Oswald's background for reasons of National Security?
Sprague, chief counsel to the U.S. House Select Committee on
Assassinations (HSCA) said, "If he had it to do over again, he would
begin his investigation of the Kennedy assassination by probing
'Oswald's ties to the Central Intelligence Agency.'" Sen. Richard
Schweiker said, "We do know Oswald had intelligence connections.
Everywhere you look with him, there're fingerprints of intelligence."
In 1996 former HSCA counsel Robert Tanenbaum told the ARRB, "the major
area, and I can't overemphasize this, focused on the government and what the government knew about Lee
Harvey Oswald... and what
the CIA was doing with Lee Harvey Oswald.
And what he was doing in New Orleans with anti-Castro Cubans, rabid
anti-Castro Cubans, and to get everything you could get from the
government with respect to it. And how this government today could want
to hold that information and feed the kind of anti-government feeling
that results from non-disclosure is really beyond my comprehension."
Mr. Tanenbaum's words were as true and correct today as they were in
1996: WHAT DID THE GOVERNMENT KNOW ABOUT LEE HARVEY OSWALD AND WHAT WAS
THE CIA DOING WITH LEE HARVEY OSWALD?
Exposing and understanding the two "Oswalds" will answer many questions relating to the Kennedy assassination, and it will help us understand the capabilities and influence of intelligence agencies. It provides insight as to how and why certain government agencies concealed their knowledge and involvement with HARVEY and LEE Oswald. It helps us understand why witness testimony was ignored, altered, and in some cases omitted. It helps us understand why evidence was altered, fabricated and destroyed. We begin to understand why so many witnesses disappeared, died mysteriously or committed suicide. We realize that HARVEY Oswald could never have been allowed to stand trial, and had to be eliminated. As the years go by more and more pieces to this puzzle fall into place and allow us to better understand who HARVEY and LEE Oswald really were, who created and directed them, and who was responsible for the assassination of John Kennedy.