"Harvey & Lee"

In 1961, the arrest of Gordon Lonsdale provided a rare opportunity for
the public to gain insight into the world of espionage. Lonsdale had
emigrated from Canada to England, established a business, and began
passing British defense secrets to the Russians. Lonsdale and four
members of his spy ring were arrested, tried, and convicted of espionage.
As they delved into Lonsdale's background, they quickly realized he was
no ordinary spy. He had fake birth certificates, fake passports and dual
identities. To the surprise of the British, he was not a Canadian, but a
native born Russian who spoke English perfectly.

His real name was Konan Molodi--born in Russia in 1922. He was sent to
California at age nine where he lived with his aunt, attended school, and
mastered the English language. Nine years later, he was recalled to the
Soviet Union and trained in espionage. In 1954, Konan Molodi was sent to
Canada where he assumed the identity of a deceased Canadian named Gordon
Lonsdale. A year later he was in England posing as a British businessman,
but his real purpose was spying out British defense secrets.

If the KGB recruited young boys, can there be any doubt that our
intelligence agencies ran similar operations?

In the early 1950's an intelligence operation was underway that involved
two teenage boys: Lee Oswald, from Fort Worth and a Russian-speaking boy
named "Harvey Oswald", from New York. Beginning in 1952, these boys lived
parallel but separate lives, often in the same city. The ultimate goal
was to switch their identities and send Harvey Oswald into Russia, which
is exactly what happened, 7 years later.

Lee and Harvey attended different schools, worked at different companies,
and lived in different cities. When the Warren Commission pieced together
"Lee Harvey Oswald's" life, they found evidence of Oswald in two places
at the same time. Unable to explain these conflicts, they withheld it
from their report. This evidence is the key to understanding the lives of
Harvey and Lee Oswald.

Mrs. Jack Tippit, of Westport, Connecticut was telephoned shortly after
the assassination. The caller knew the Tippits were related to Officer JD
Tippit and wanted Mrs. Tippit to relay information she had to people in
Dallas. The woman would not identify herself because she was afraid of
being killed. She said she personally knew Oswald's father and uncle.
They came from Hungary and lived at 77th St. and 2nd Avenue in New York.
They were unemployed, received money from Communists, and spent all of
their time on Communist activities. She gave two names--Louis Weinstock
and Emile Kardos. If this information is correct, one of the two Oswalds
lived in New York in his youth. This could explain Oswald's interest in
Communism (from his father and uncle), which began as a teenager and
continued throughout his life. It could also be the reason for Marguerite
Oswald's sudden trip to New York City.

In 1952, in Fort Worth, Texas, 12 year-old Lee Oswald was in the 6th
grade. Classmate Richard Garrett told Life Magazine, "Lee was the
tallest, most dominant member of our group". This 6th grade photo shows
Oswald to be the tall well built kid described by Garrett.

In August, 1952 Marguerite drove with Lee to New York. Although allegedly
quite poor, she hired Louise Robertson as a housekeeper. Marguerite told
Mrs. Robertson that she had brought Lee to New York to have mental tests
done at the Jacobi Hospital.  Marguerite was asked about this by Warren
Commission attorney Rankin, but she avoided his question.

During the year and a half Lee Oswald resided in New York, there are few
records of his activities. His New York school records contradict New
York Court records and the testimony of Lee Oswald's brother, John Pic.
The Warren Commission records tell us Oswald first entered Trinity
Evangelical School in the Bronx in September, 1952, many miles from his
residence in Manhattan. When asked for copies of Oswald's school records,
the Trinity School allegedly told the FBI they did not maintain records
until 1957. This is nonsense. Who ever heard of a school that did not
maintain records? If the school did not maintain records, how were the
dates of his attendance at Trinity obtained? How did the FBI know he even
attended Trinity? And why would 12 year-old Oswald attend junior high in
the Bronx instead of Manhattan.

John Pic, Lee Oswald's older half-brother, remembers Lee's school
enrollment differently. Pic was certain Lee attended school two blocks
from his Manhattan apartment. Lee pointed out that both whites and
negroes attended the same classes together--something he had not yet
experienced. Yet there is no W.C. record of Lee's attendance at any
school near the Pics apartment.

In the fall of 1952, Oswald attended only 24 days of school. His truancy
brought him to the attention of Court Psychiatrist Dr. Milton Kurian. Dr.
Kurian interviewed Oswald, read the court file, and noted Oswald's recent
stay at the Youth House.

Dr. Kurian was 5'7" and described Oswald as being small for his age,
around 4'6". Yet Lee Oswald measured 5'4" according to his New York
school health record. His height was again measured at 5'4" four months
later in New York, tall for a 13 year old boy. When I informed Dr. Kurian
that Oswald's height was listed as 5'4" in New York school records, Dr.
Kurian stated, "Those records must be wrong-he was a little fellow, no
taller than the middle of my chest--perhaps 4'6" tall."

When Dr. Kurian interviewed Oswald on March 27, 1953, Oswald's file
showed previous confinement at the Youth House. But Warren Commission
records tell us that Oswald's first and only placement at the youth house
began three weeks after Dr. Kurian saw Oswald.

The Warren Commission tells us Oswald attended only 24 days of school
thru May 7, 1953. Yet WC Exhibit 1384 shows him attending 109 days of
school at the same time.  Which WC record are we to believe? If both are
accurate, these records are for two different "Oswalds".

While Oswald was in the Youth House, his mother met with Probation
Officer John Carro. Marguerite told Carro she was the youngest of 6
children, yet there were 5 children in the Claverie family. She gave Lee
Oswald's father's name as Robert Lee Harvey, when his real name was
Robert Edward Lee Oswald. She said Lee's father died at age 45, yet we
know he was 41 years old when he died. She gave her marriage date as July
19, 1929, yet she married Robert Oswald in 1933. She gave her sister's
name as Lillian Sigouerette, when we know her sister's name was Lillian
Murrett. She said she formerly owned a house in Corning, Texas yet there
is not and never has been a "Corning," Texas. She gave Lee Harvey
Oswald's birth date as October 19 when the correct date was October 18th.
She said Lee was baptized at the Trinity Lutheran Church in New Orleans,
when the records show he was baptized at the Redeemer Lutheran Church in
New Orleans. When she was asked whether Lee's father was right or left
handed she replied "I do not remember, sir" (Warren Commission
testimony). There is no reason for a 45 year old woman to make these kind
of errors concerning her background. Had she forgotten, was she lying, or
was this person truly Lee's mother?

Assistant FBI Director John Malone reviewed the 1953 court file on
Oswald. Malone filed this 8 page report and stated that when Oswald left
the youth House on May 7, 1953, he entered PS #44 in the 9th grade.  The
9th grade? Oswald entered the 7th grade the previous September and
attended only 24 days of school. How could he have skipped from the 7th
to the 9th grade? 

WC exhibits, court records, Pic's testimony and Dr. Kurian's observations
of Oswald strongly suggest there were two different people--both named
Oswald--in New York in the spring of 1953. This would explain John Pic's
testimony when he was shown a series of photographs (from LIFE Magazine,
Feb. 21, 1964) of Lee Oswald as a youth. Pic identified photographs of
Oswald from age 2 thru age 12. But when Pic was shown this photograph 
(WC # 2893), he said "Sir, from that picture, I could not recognize that
that is Lee Harvey  Oswald". Jenner said, "That young fellow is shown
there, he doesn't look like you recall Lee looked in 1952 and 1953 when
you saw him in New York City?" John Pic replied, "No, sir.".

In the summer of 1953, Lee Oswald was living in the Bronx with his
mother, who was employed at Lady Orva Hosiery. At the same time "Harvey
Oswald" was residing in North Dakota. After the assassination, Mrs. Alma
Cole wrote this letter to President Johnson informing him that her son,
William Henry Timmer, had befriended Oswald in Stanley, North Dakota in
1953. Timmer told of meeting a boy in the City Park who introduced
himself as Harvey Oswald. This is the first known reference to "Harvey
Oswald", the person who would eventually assume the identity of Lee

"HARVEY" spent a lot of time with Timmer during the next two months of
the summer of 1953. They went swimming at the reservoir and rode their
bicycles at the city park. Timmer  was impressed by this kid "from the
big city" who talked of gang fights in New  York City and of making
weapons with razor blades stuck in potatoes. "Harvey" said he had been
all over the country. "Harvey" carried a pamphlet in his back pocket and
on one occasion showed it to Timmer and remarked, "I'll bet you've never
seen anything like this". It was a pamphlet on Marxism. Where would he
get such a pamphlet? From his father and his uncle, who were, according
to the woman who spoke with Mrs. Tippit, "Hungarians and spent all of
their time on Communist activities". These people may have acted like
Communists, but in reality they were probably agents provocateur and
their mission was to uncover and identify domestic Communists.

Oswald told Aline Mosby, in a 1959 interview in Moscow, that after living
in New York "we moved to North Dakota".  Mosby's interview appeared in
newspaper articles in 1959, and is mentioned in FBI reports. When Oswald
was arrested in August, 1963 in New Orleans, he was interviewed by Lt.
Francis Martello. He told Martello that he had moved from New York to
North Dakota. Clearly, someone named Harvey Oswald was in North Dakota in
the summer of 1953. However, there are no references to Timmer or Oswald
in North Dakota in the Warren Commission Volumes.

In the fall of 1953 Oswald entered the 8th grade at Public School #44 in
the Bronx. Marguerite Oswald again met with probation Officer, John
Carro. When Carro reminded her that Lee was still under court
supervision, she told Carro that he no longer needed court supervision.
He was doing much better and claimed he had been elected President of his
9th grade class. There were two references to Oswald in the 9th grade:
one by Marguerite and the other by Assistant FBI Director, John Malone,
who obtained his information from Judge Kelley's court file. How Oswald
was able to advance from the 7th to the 8th grade while attending only 24
days of school has never been explained. Also unexplained are the
continual references to Oswald being in the 9th grade.

It should be easy to determine which grade Lee Oswald attended during
1953. From Ft. Worth we have grammar school report cards, student lists,
enrollment forms, personal photos, class photos and interviews with
teacher, students and friends. Yet when we try to find similar records in
New York, we find almost nothing. Not one report card, not one student
list, no enrollment forms, no interviews nor even the names of his
teachers, students or neighbors, and only one photograph: a photograph
which his brother, John Pic, says is not Lee Oswald.  The FBI took down
the names of every student who shared Oswald's home room and intended to
locate them. Yet not a single New York student was interviewed.

WC #1413-NY & BEAUREGARD SCHOOL RECORDS-Here we have two contradictory
Warren Commission exhibits. The top one, highlighted in yellow, shows
"Oswald" attended Beauregard for 89 days during the fall term in 1953 in
New Orleans. The bottom one shows Oswald attended 62 days of school
during the fall term of 1953 in New York.  If both Warren Commission
documents are correct, you have two Oswalds: Lee in New York, Harvey in
New Orleans--in the Fall of 1953.

Lee Oswald, the 5'4" southern boy, moved to New York in 1952 and was
teased by his classmates for his southern accent and for wearing blue
jeans. "Harvey", who already lived in New York, was the 4'6" kid
interviewed by Dr. Kurian, photographed at the Bronx Zoo, and
unrecognized by John Pic. "Harvey" moved to North Dakota in the summer of
1953 and then to New Orleans where he was teased for his New York accent
and attacked while sitting in the back of a bus with "negroes". Harvey
enrolled in Beauregard Junior High and was assigned to Myra DaRouse's 8th
grade homeroom. On his first day at school, he told Myra he wanted to be
called "Harvey". Myra remembers Harvey as being 4' 6" tall, which is
consistent with Dr. Kurian's observation of Oswald a few months earlier.
During Myra's thirty-year teaching career, her only home room was during
the 1953-54 school year and she became friends with Harvey Oswald and his
friend Ed Voebel. In February, 1954, Myra drove Harvey home to Exchange
Alley. At the same time Lee Oswald and his mother were renting an
apartment at 1454 St. Mary's from Marguerite's best friend, Myrtle Evans.

When school resumed in the fall of 1954 Myra Darouse no longer had a home
room class and lost contact with Harvey. Harvey, now in the 9th grade,
had moved to Fort Worth where he attended Stripling Junior High.

Lee Oswald remained in New Orleans and entered the 9th grade at
Beauregard. Ed Voebel told the Warren Commission he first met Lee Oswald
when Oswald fought with Johnny Neumeyer. After the fight Voebel got some
ice for Lee and attempted to patch him up. Voebel told the Warren
Commission, Volume 8, page 3, "I think he was cut on the lip, and a tooth
was knocked out ". Shortly after the fight, which occurred in November,
1954, Voebel took this LIFE Magazine photograph of Lee Oswald showing the
missing front tooth. But in 1981, when Oswald's body was exhumed,
autopsied, photographed and x-rayed there were no missing or chipped
teeth.. The boy in the LIFE Magazine photo with the missing tooth was not
the person killed by Jack Ruby and autopsied in 1991. When I showed the
LIFE Magazine photo of Oswald to Myra, she said this was not Harvey
Oswald. Myra was correct, the LIFE magazine photo was Lee Oswald. 

Ed Voebel knew Harvey Oswald in the 8th grade and Lee Oswald in the 9th
grade. The HSCA was quite interested in talking to Voebel. However,
Voebel died a few years earlier at age 31 at the Oshner Clinic, in New

While Lee Oswald and Ed Voebel attended 9th grade at Beauregard in the
1954-55 school year, Harvey attended W. C. Stripling Junior High in Fort
Worth. Francetta Schubert was in the 8th grade in the 1954-1955 school
year. Fran remembers Oswald being a grade ahead of her. Fran watched
Oswald walk home during lunch periods and discussed him with her
girlfriends. She said Oswald lived at 2220 Thomas Place--across the
street from the school. This is the same house Marguerite Oswald lived in
at the time of the assassination.

In October, 1959, when Oswald defected to Russia, Robert Oswald was
interviewed by the Fort Worth Star Telegram. Robert said his brother had
attended Stripling Junior High in Fort Worth.

In June, 1962, when Harvey Oswald returned from Russia, Robert Oswald was
again interviewed by the Fort Worth Star Telegram, again stating his
brother had attended Stripling Junior High in Fort Worth. Two years later
Robert Oswald told the Warren Commission that his brother had attended
Stripling Junior High School in Fort Worth. When Marguerite was
interviewed by Mr. Pierre Berton in 1964, she also said that Lee had gone
to junior high in Fort Worth. These four statements made over a 5 year
period show Oswald attended Stripling Junior High.

But the FBI had Oswald's New York and New Orleans junior high school
records. This 1955 graduation photo from Beauregard was in their files
within hours. Oswald's attendance at Stripling Junior High in Fort Worth
at the same time created a big problem. Their information about Stripling
probably came from FBI Agent John Fain. From 1952 thru 1963 Fain lived at
1727 Thomas Place--five blocks from the Oswalds. It was Fain's April,
1960 interview with Marguerite Oswald that prompted Hoover to notify the
State Department that "an impostor may be using Oswald's birth
certificate". Hoover knew about two Oswalds in 1960 and was again aware
of two Oswalds in 1961 when a Lee Oswald tried to buy trucks to send to
Cuba from Bolton Ford in New Orleans (Harvey Oswald was in Russia at this

Oswald's 1954 attendance at Stripling Junior High in Fort Worth was
unexplainable. So, the day after the assassination, Saturday, at 8
o'clock in the morning, the FBI went to Stripling to pick up Oswald's
junior high school records. Two FBI agents were met by Mr. Frank Kudlaty,
assistant principal of Stripling. Frank looked through Oswald's file and
noted Oswald had attended "not quite a semester" in the 9th grade.

While Marguerite worked at Washer Brothers in the fall of 1954, Harvey
attended Stripling and created the 9th grade record that Mr. Kudlaty gave
to the FBI. Don't bother to look for Oswald's Stripling records in the
Warren Volumes, and don't waste your time filing a Freedom of Information
request with the FBI. The FBI denies any knowledge of Stripling records.

Oswald's 1954 Stripling records have disappeared, but the memories of
Oswald's classmates have not. Doug Gann remembered Oswald in his home
room. Roy Parkin used to play touch football in Oswald's front yard and
saw him in the halls of Stripling. In 1955, Bobby and Jackie Pitts lived
at 2224 Thomas Place, next door to Oswald. Interestingly, Paul Gregory,
Oswald's friend and Marina's interpreter in 1963 also attended Stripling
Junior High in 1954 and was in the same grade as Oswald.  When we
understand there are two teenagers using the name Oswald, we realize each
of these boys had a parent or guardian. Perhaps this is the reason we see
Oswald's mother identified sometimes as Marguerite and other times as

Harvey Oswald left Fort Worth and returned to New Orleans in late 1954.
His first job, at age 15, was at the Dolly Shoe Company in New Orleans.
The Warren Commission tells us he worked part-time while attending
Beauregard. But Louis Marzialle, the store manager, remembered Oswald
working during the day at full time employment. Louis and the store
owner, Maury Goodman, remembered Oswald as being a very quiet and
physically small child; this is Harvey. Louis observed Oswald and was
unsatisfied with his work. Three days after Easter, 1955, Louis fired
Oswald after he returned from lunch. While Harvey worked at Dolly Shoe,
Lee attended Beauregard in the 9th grade with Ed Voebel. Marguerite was
fired from Dolly Shoe by owner Maury Goodman. Marguerite continually
refused to complete insurance forms necessary to obtain employee bonding.

According to the Commission, Oswald's next employment was Tujague's, a
freight forwarding company. However the dates of employment, as told by
the Warren Commission are a complete fabrication. They tell us he worked
at Tujague's for two months (without verifiable documentation), but
former Tujague employees say he worked there much longer, nearly a year.

Robert Oswald was discharged from the Marines in July, 1955 and visited
Marguerite and Lee for a week in New Orleans before returning to Ft.
Worth.  When Lee joined the Civil Air Patrol on July 27, Robert helped
buy him a uniform from the Army-Navy Surplus store. Robert told the
Warren Commission that during his one week stay "Lee was working for an
export firm there in New Orleans". Lee said, "We're sending an order to
Portugal this week"  or "I received an order from Hong Kong just this
morning."  The export firm was Tujague, Inc., and the time was July,
1955. Not November, as reported by the Warren Commission.

Frank DiBenedetto, Oswald's supervisor at Tujague's, remembered him as a
model employee who was very dependable and about 5'11," a little taller
than himself. This was Lee Oswald, quite a bit taller than "Harvey
Oswald". Frank DiBenedetto told the HSCA that Oswald had worked for
Tujague's "a year to a year and a half" Gloria Callaghan, a secretary at
Tujague's, remembered Oswald worked at Tujague's thru April of 1956 when
she took a leave of absence to have her first child. Frank did not
remember the month Oswald quit but did remember he quit to join the
Marines. Lee Oswald left New Orleans in July, 1956, moved to Ft. Worth
and joined the Marines in October. From Robert Oswald, Gloria Callaghan
and Frank DiBenedetto, we learn Lee Oswald worked at Tujague's from July,
1955 until at least April and probably until July, 1956. (The W. C. says
from Nov. 55 thru Jan. 1956)

The day after the assassination, former Tujague employee Jimmy Hudnell
gathered up Oswald's payroll records, time cards, and canceled checks and
gave them to Mr. Tujague. Those records have disappeared. Tujague did not
provide verifiable records such as canceled checks, payroll tax or social
security records--only his handwritten payroll records.  Tujague was Vice
President of the Friends of Democratic Cuba. Guy Bannister, Jack Martin,
Arcacha Smith, Bill Craig, Bill Dalzell, Grady Durham
(secretary-treasurer), FBI Agent FBI Agent Regis Kennedy and FBI Agent
Lansing Logan (advisor) were either members or associates.  If anyone
wanted to manufacture dates of employment for Oswald, the Tujague Company
could provide a good cover. When Lee Oswald worked at Tujague's in the
fall of 1955, Harvey attended Warren Easton High School.

On October 17 1955, Harvey Oswald forged a note to the school saying "we
are moving to San Diego in the middle of the month. Will you please send
by him any papers such as his birth certificate".  After Harvey quit high
school, he worked briefly for J. R. Michels, and then left New Orleans
for California. We know about his residing in California thanks to Texas
Employment Commission employee Laurel Kittrell.  She interviewed the two
Oswalds in 1963 in Dallas. She remembered they looked remarkably similar.
One Oswald told her he had been a motorcycle delivery person for a realty
company in California in 1956--before joining the Marines. More of the
Laurel Kittrell interview will follow.

The last company Oswald allegedly worked for prior to joining the Marines
was the Pfisterer Dental Labs. The Warren Commission Report states "after
quitting J.R. Michels Oswald worked several months thereafter for the
Pfisterer Dental Laboratory" in 1956.

The day after the assassination, Airman Second Class Palmer E. McBride
told the FBI that he worked with Oswald from the fall of 1957 to the
summer of 1958 at the Pfisterer Dental Laboratory in New Orleans. They
worked together every day and discussed recent Russian space successes.
They listened to classical music at each other's homes and debated the
merits of Communism, In early 1958 McBride took Oswald to a meeting of
the New Orleans Amateur Astronomy Association at the home of William
Wulf. Oswald became involved in a discussion about Communism which was
overheard by Wulf's father. "Harvey" Oswald, who again was promoting
Communism, was asked to leave.

McBride took Oswald to an Astronomy meeting at Gehrke's home in early
1958. Gehrke told the FBI that none of these meetings were held in his
home until 1958. Therefore, McBride and Oswald could only have attended a
meeting at Gehrke's home in January of 1958 or later. McBride worked with
Oswald from the fall of 1957 until July, 1958, when McBride quit to join
the Air Force Reserves. Oswald left Pfisterers a month earlier.

Linda Faircloth, current President of Pfisterer Dental Laboratory, tells
us of Oswald's employment. The day after the assassination the FBI had
taken all employment records, payroll records, quarterly tax forms,
canceled checks, employment applications, W-2 forms, all documentary
evidence pertaining to Oswald. Oswald's employment records at Pfisterers,
like the Tujague employment records, have disappeared. The owners were
told by the FBI not to discuss the case among themselves or with anyone.
The FBI discontinued it's investigation of Oswald in New Orleans in 1957
and 1958 by stating the information provided by McBride "is unfounded and
no further investigation is needed". In reality, McBride knew too much
about Oswald to be interviewed. But Palmer McBride is very much alive and
lives in Sun Valley California.

McBride and other people who were close to Oswald were never interviewed
by the Warren Commission nor the House Select Committee. Not a single
Pfisterer employee or partner testified before the Warren Commission.
Thanks to the FBI, not a single Pfisterer document relating to Oswald's
employment has been found. Why? Because in 1957 and 1958 Lee Oswald was
in the Marines in Japan.

John Hart Ely, a staff attorney for the Warren Commission, was
responsible or gathering background information on Marguerite and Lee
Oswald. He forwarded the Palmer McBride and William Wulf FBI interviews
to Albert Jenner and Wesley Liebeler on March 30, 1964. From the FBI
interview of McBride, Liebeler knew Oswald worked at Pfisterers in 1957
and 1958. From Oswald's Marine records he knew Oswald was supposed to
have been in Japan at the same time. Oswald in both New Orleans and Japan
for the same one year period posed yet another problem--it was
unexplainable and had to be resolved.

On April 10, 1964 Commission Attorney Albert Jenner wrote a memorandum to
Mr. Rankin (General Counsel for the Warren Commission). He said "our
depositions and examination of records and other data disclose there are
details in Mr. Ely's memoranda which will require material alteration
and, in some cases, omission". McBride's FBI statement was ignored and
neither he nor the owners or employees of Pfisterers were interviewed by
the Warren Commission.

To establish Oswald's employment at Pfisterers in 1956, the Warren
Commission interviewed William Wulf Jr., McBride's friend and fellow
Astronomy club member. In Wulf"s testimony all references to the years
1957 or 1958 were avoided. In his opening statement, Liebeler said "We
want to inquire of you concerning possible knowledge that you have of Lee
Harvey Oswald during the time that he lived in New Orleans during the
period 1954-1955." This was a clever and misleading statement by an
attorney who knew exactly what he was doing. Liebeler fixed Wulfs
attention to 1954 and 55. By misdirecting Wulf's attention to 1954 and
1955, references to 1957 or 1958 were avoided. Liebeler obtained
"testimony" that allowed the Warren Commission to circumvent the problem
of Oswald's working at Pfisterers in 1957/1958.

In 1996 I spent the afternoon with Wulf. He reconstructed his school
years from 1952 thru 1959. During the 1956-1957 school year he was sick
and did not attend school. In the fall of 1957 he returned to DeLaSalle
High School, where the meetings of the New Orleans Amateur Astronomy
Association were held. He said he was certain he met Oswald that winter,
in either January or February, 1958--exactly what McBride told the FBI in

When the FBI visited the Hotel Senator after the assassination, they
interviewed only those employees who had worked at the Hotel prior to
1956. They avoided employees who had worked at the hotel in 1957 and 1958
who could have remembered Oswald and his mother. They reviewed hotel
registration cards for the year 1956 and avoided 1957 and 1958.  The
search for Oswald at the Hotel Senator was deliberately shifted from 1958
to "prior to 1956". McBride met Marguerite Oswald in 1958. Yet Marguerite
left New Orleans in July, 1956, then lived and worked in and around Fort
Worth until her death. She never again resided nor worked in New Orleans.
But McBride insists he was introduced to Marguerite Oswald at the Hotel
Senator in early 1958. McBride is not alone in his observation of
Marguerite in New Orleans at this time--there were several other
witnesses and photographs.  On the left is a photograph of Marguerite
Oswald in New Orleans in 1957. On the right is a photograph of Marguerite
Oswald in Fort Worth in 1960--two different Marguerite Oswalds.

The second way in which the FBI dealt with Oswald's presence in New
Orleans in 1957 and 1958 concerned their handling of the physical
evidence. Shortly after Oswald's arrest on November 22, Dallas Police
searched Ruth Paine's house and 1026 North Beckley. They confiscated
hundreds of items belonging to Oswald. That evening Dallas Police Chief
Curry said "We got several calls insisting we send this (Oswald's
possessions) and nobody would tell me exactly who it was that was
insisting .... they insinuated it was someone in high authority that was
requesting this ...... they wanted this evidence up in Washington".
"About midnight Friday night--November 22--we agreed to let the FBI have
all the evidence and they said they would have an agent stand by and when
they were finished with it, return  it to us." The person in "high
authority" who had requested the evidence be turned over immediately to
the FBI was President Johnson's aide, Cliff Carter.

The bulk of Oswald's possessions were sent directly to the FBI in
Washington without being inventoried or photographed. This provided an
opportunity to tamper with evidence, which is exactly what they did.
James Cadigan, an FBI document specialist received Oswald's possessions
in Washington. He said initially that the first big batch of evidence was
brought into the laboratory on November 23rd of 1963 and this consisted
of many, many items". Cadigan went on to say "time was of the essence and
this material, I believe, was returned to the Dallas Police within two or
three days." This portion of Cadigan's testimony was deleted. Look at
Oswald's possessions were secretly returned to the Dallas Police and then
"officially" inventoried and photographed on November 26th. The changing
of testimony was noticed by some of the Warren Commission Staff
Attorneys. Leon Hubert wrote this memo to Warren Commission Attornies
Howard Willens and Warren Commission General Counsel Rankin. He states
"We are requiring witnesses to waive signatures on depositions or sign
them. A waiver of signature certainly does not include permission to
change meaning. At the staff meeting on Friday, I raised objections to
"editing" of the transcripts of depositions. The only way to avoid all
this is to let the depositions rest as they are". They ignored Hubert and
"edited" testimony of Cadigan and many other witnesses.

Among Oswald's possessions was a 1955 W-2 form from the Dolly Shoe
Company. In April, 1955 Harvey Oswald was fired by Louis Marzialle after
lunch. Full time employment at Dolly Shoe would be reflected in wages
listed on his W-2 form. Full time employment would conflict with Lee
Oswald attending Beauregard. So, Harvey Oswald's original W-2 form was
replaced with this W-2 form which shows wages commensurate with part time
employment. Who created this form and when?   The Internal Revenue
Service wrote this letter to former Dolly Shoe owner Maury Goodman. They
informed him that the federal tax ID number for Dolly Shoe appearing on
this 1955 W-2 form was not issued until January, 1964. Dolly Shoe was
founded in January, 1955 and discontinued business in October, 1957. The
federal tax ID on this 1955 W-2 form was issued 7 years after the company
went out of business. So, who had custody of the W-2 form in January,
1964? The FBI did.

The most significant item found among Oswald's possessions at Ruth
Paine's was a W-2 form from the Pfisterer Dental Lab. That original W-2
form would have given the correct years Oswald worked at Pfisterers-1957
and 1958. But that item has disappeared. It was replaced with this 1956
W-2 form. This form purports to show that Oswald worked at Pfisterers in
1956 instead of 1957 and 1958 as reported by McBride and the owners of
Pfisterers. However, this letter from the Internal Revenue Service
informs us that the federal tax ID number appearing on this 1956 W-2 form
was issued in January, 1964. This 1956 W-2 form is a fake--created in
January, 1964 while in custody of the FBI. Its purpose was to show that
Oswald was employed at Pfisterers 1956--before he entered the
Marines--not in 1957 and 1958.

The tax ID on the Tujague W-2 forms for 1955 and 1956 was also issued by
the IRS in January, 1964. These W-2 forms were created to show Oswald
worked at Tujague's for two months (November, December, 1955; January,
1956), instead of the year (July, 1955 through July, 1956) as remembered
by Oswald's boss, Frank DiBenedetto and secretary Gloria Callaghan.
Oswald's working at Tujague's for a year would have conflicted with his
Warren Easton High School attendance and his employment at J.R. Michels.

When Oswald's possessions were picked up by the Dallas Police on November
22 and 23, Officers Gus Rose and R. S. Stowall spent several hours
initialing each and every item belonging to Oswald. Their initials should
be on each W-2 form. When the Dallas Police turned over Oswald's
possessions to the FBI each item was checked off and each inventory sheet
initialed by FBI Agent Warren DeBrueys. But the Dolly Shoe, Tujague and
Pfisterer W-2 forms in the National Archives do not have the initials of
either Rose or Stowall. Those forms with Rose and Stowalls initials have
disappeared They were replaced with forgeries, created in January 1964.
These forged documents and 200 other items were then photographed by the
FBI, and returned to Dallas in February, 1964. These forgeries are now in
the National Archives (items #168, 169, 175 of WC Exhibit #2003).

While Harvey Oswald attended Warren Easton High School in New Orleans in
September and October, 1955, Lee Oswald was working at Tujague's. This
created another conflict. School records could not be changed, but
changing Oswald's dates of employment at Tujague's was easy. Instead of
Lee Oswald working at Tujague's from August, 1955 thru July, 1956, his
employment records were changed to show he worked at Tujague's for two
months--from November, 1955 until January, 1956. These two months fit
neatly between Harvey Oswald's Warren Easton attendance and Harvey
Oswald's two week employment at J. R. Michels in January, 1956.

Then, without identifying Oswald's dates of employment, the Warren
Commission tells us he was employed for "a few months thereafter" at the
Pfisterer Dental labs--in the spring of 1956.

We now begin to see that the Warren Commission took parts of Harvey
Oswald's and Lee Oswald's lives and created their fictionalized history
of "Lee Harvey Oswald".

In the fall of 1956, "Harvey Oswald," was in Fort Worth, Texas, where he
briefly attended Arlington Heights High School. It was there that former
elementary school friend Richard Garrett ran into Oswald. Garrett said
"he walked up to me in the hall at school. I remember I had to look down
to talk to him and it seemed strange, because he had been the tallest,
the dominant member of our group in grammar school. He looked like he was
lost. He was very different from the way I remember him".  Of course he
was different, Harvey had temporarily replaced Lee.

Harvey joined the Marines in October, three weeks after this photo was
taken. Two weeks later, someone wrote to the Red Cross asking for help in
obtaining emergency leave for Lee Oswald. The first inquiry was received
by the Red Cross on November 9--only two weeks after Oswald join the
Marines. From the Red Cross records, we see that Marguerite's address is
3830 W. 6th, yet according to her landlady she lived at 4936 Collinwood
until July, 1957. Lee Oswald's birth date was given as October 19,
instead of October 18. His military branch was first listed as "Army",
then scratched out and changed to "Marines". Finally, we see that the
original inquiry came from Oswald's father--not his mother. All
references to "him " have been scratched out and changed to "her". Why
would someone inquire about emergency leave for a son only two weeks
after he joined the Marines? Or did this inquiry come from the father of
one of the Oswalds, and later, when someone realized Oswald's father died
before he was born, the references on the Red Cross form were changed
from "his" to "her".

The 112th Military Intelligence Group at Fort Sam Houston maintained a
file on Harvey Lee Oswald, that was "routinely destroyed" in 1973.

After Boot Camp and ITR training, Harvey Oswald left for Jacksonville,
Florida. Lee Oswald also joined the Marines in October, 1956. This photo
of Lee, found in a Naval Intelligence file at the National Archives, was
taken in December, 1956. After Boot Camp and ITR training, Lee Oswald
left for Jacksonville, Florida. Allen Felde (WC exhibit #1962) said he
and Oswald attended an A & P School in Jacksonville, Florida and then
aviation electronics school in Memphis, Tennessee. Felde described Oswald
as a left winged person who wrote to Senator Thurman and condemned
Eisenhower. Felde is describing Harvey Oswald.

While Lee Oswald attended Radar School in Biloxi, Mississippi in June,
1957, Allen Felde and Harvey Oswald attended Aviation Electronics School
in Memphis, Tennessee. When Lee transferred to El Toro in July, and left
for Japan in August, Allen Felde and Harvey Oswald were still in Memphis.
Felde last saw Harvey Oswald in September, 1957, when Lee was already in
Japan. Even though Felde was with Oswald for a year, he was not
interviewed by the Warren Commission nor the House Select Committee.
Felde, like McBride, knew too much about Harvey Oswald to be interviewed.

In January, 1957 military records show "Lee Harvey Oswald" was treated
for tonsillitis. He was treated again for tonsillitis in 1958 and given
injections of penicilliin.  But according to an FBI report, Dr. Philben,
of Dallas, Texas had removed Oswald's tonsils twelve years earlier--in
January, 1945.

From Memphis, Harvey Oswald may have traveled to Columbus, Ohio. Sgt.
Donald Swartz of the Columbus, Ohio Police Department Intelligence
Division filed a report stating that Lee Harvey Oswald attended Antioch
College, in Yellow Springs, Ohio for a short period of time in the fall
of 1957. Additional allegations of Oswald's presence in Yellow Springs,
Ohio came from an unidentified Counterintelligence Agent from the Office
of Special Investigations at Wright Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio. The
agent said Oswald received money, on a regular basis, through money
orders issued by the Miami Deposit Bank of Yellow Springs, Ohio.

In November of 1957, Harvey Oswald was in New Orleans where he worked at
the Pfisterer Dental Labs with Palmer McBride until July, 1958--while Lee
Oswald was in Japan. This photo of Harvey was probably taken in early
1957. Lee Oswald, while in Japan, never spoke Russian, read Russian
newspapers, nor discussed Communism. He hated the name "Harvey" or
"Harv", and was given the nickname "Ozzie". Peter Cassisi, John Heindel
and other Marines who served with Oswald in Atsugi remembered Lee Oswald
returning to the base drunk, loud, and boisterous on numerous occasions.
But the person killed by Jack Ruby did not drink, did not smoke, and
usually did not speak unless spoken to.

In October, 1957 Lee Oswald shot himself in the arm with a .22 derringer
while in the Marines at Atsugi. Lee Oswald was taken to the hospital
where the wound was sewed up. Later an incision was made in Lee Oswald's
arm 2 inches from the entrance wound to remove the bullet. No scars from
these arm wounds are visible from photographs taken during Oswald's
autopsy. Mortician Paul Groody was twice asked about scars on Oswald's
arms. Both times Groody said he had not seen any scars on Oswald's arms.

The FBI interviewed 36 Marines who were acquainted with the "Oswalds."
There were 26 men who knew "Harvey Oswald" at El Toro in 1959, 2 who knew
Lee Oswald from radar school, and 8 who were stationed with Lee Oswald in
Japan. The FBI ignored Marines who knew Lee Oswald in Japan, like Zack
Stout, George Wilkens, and Bobby Warren, choosing instead to interview
Marines who barely knew him. William Trail "saw little of Oswald". Paul
Murphy "did not know Oswald personally". Owen Dejanovich "never had any
discussions of any kind with Oswald". Cassisi did not recognize Oswald as
his former Marine associate when Oswald's pictures were published after
the assassination.

Lee Oswald was close with three Marines-George Wilkens, Zack Stout, and
Bobby Warren. They often went on liberty with Oswald on weekends. They
visited the Queen Bee bar, were together on Corregidor, Cubic Bay. Stout
said "Ozzie" was always writing letters to his mother. Yet no letters
from Japan can be found. It is doubtful the handwriting from any of Lee's
letters from Japan would match the handwriting of Harvey's letters from
Russia. After Oswald snapped the photo of George Wilkens, on the right,
Wilkins then took a photograph of Oswald, the one on the left. These
Marines, who were with Lee Oswald nearly every day in Japan, were not
interviewed by the Warren Commission. Zack Stouts interview in 1978, by
the House Select Committee, was withheld from the public until 1996.
Marines who were close to Lee Oswald were either not interviewed or their
interviews were not made public. This 1958 photo, taken by Robert Oswald,
is the "Lee Oswald" known by Zack Stout, George Wilkins and Bobby Warren,
not Harvey Oswald who defected to Russia.

Harvey Oswald, who left the Pfisterer Dental Lab in July, 1958, took
Lee's place at the Marine base in El Toro, California in December. Harvey
used the next 9 months to convince fellow Marines of his interest in 
Communism and his ability to speak Russian. Some researchers have
speculated that Oswald learned Russian at the Monterray school of
languages in California. When? During Boot Camp or Infantry training in
California? In Jacksonville, Florida or Biloxi, Mississippi? In Japan
with his mobile radar unit that traveled to the Philippines and Taiwan?
No, the Lee Oswald who left Japan in November, 1958 did not speak a word
of Russian. Russian speaking "Harvey" replaced Lee at El Toro and took a
Russian language exam in February, 1959. Lee Oswald's brother, John Pic,
wasn't fooled by the switch. When shown a photograph of "Lee Harvey
Oswald" wearing a Marine helmet, Pic told the Warren Commission, "I would
never guess that that would be Lee".  Pic knew this person was not his
brother. So did Robert Oswald.

On March 23, Harvey Oswald obtained a GED--equivalent to a high school
degree. When Attorney Rankin questioned Marguerite Oswald in 1964 about
the high school degree she said. "I have that. His original
correspondence in the service--completed high school. January,
1958--passing 65 on a scale of 100". Two high school GED degrees-one
obtained by Lee in January, 1958--one obtained by Harvey in March,
1959--both obtained while in the Marines. In June, Harvey Oswald had a
date with Roslyn Quinn. They spoke Russian together for several hours.
Oswald's interest in reading Russian newspapers, listening to Russian
records and speaking Russian was noticed by fellow Marines who called him
"Oswaldovich". Kerry Thornley, from New Orleans, noticed that Oswald
spoke with no southern dialect--if anything, he had a New York accent.
Thornley knew Harvey, the Oswald who had lived in New York.

On August 7, 1959, Harvey Oswald was granted a dependency discharge from
the Marines. His early discharge was predicated upon an alleged
work-related injury suffered by Marguerite Oswald. Dr. Milton Goldberg
had first treated her in January, 1959. Marguerite told him that "her son
wanted to defect to Russia". This was 10 months before Harvey went to
Russia. Harvey Oswald remained at El Toro until his discharge on
September I1, 1959.

Lee Oswald was living in New Orleans. Captain Valentine Ashworth met
Oswald in New Orleans "before he went to Russia". On June 28, 1959 Oswald
was registered in room "D" at the McBeth Rooming House in New Orleans. A
month later Mrs. Gladys Davis was introduced to Lee Oswald at her home in
Coral Gables, Florida. In September, 1959, she was living with Martinez
Malo who had numerous Cuban associates who came to their residence. A
Cuban exile named Francisco Rodriquez Tamayo AKA "Mexicano" had
introduced Oswald to her. This is the same time frame during which Marita
Lorenz claims she first met Oswald in a CIA safehouse in Miami. Lee
Oswald would continue his associations with Cuban exiles and their CIA
"handlers" for the next three years while Harvey Oswald was in Russia. 

Lee Oswald used this photo on this Los Angeles passport application. He
used this Department of Defense ID card for identification, a card, often
issued to intelligence operatives. But the photo on the ID card was only
half his, the other half of the photo, the right half was Harvey. This ID
card could be used by either Harvey or Lee.

Lee Oswald then traveled to Fort Worth, visited his mother, and remained
there through September 16. On September 16, Harvey Oswald was in New
Orleans and filled out a passenger emigration form. He did not have the
Los Angeles issued passport with him and incorrectly listed the issuing
passport office as New Orleans. Lee, who had the Los Angeles issued
passport, was still in Fort Worth. A side by side comparison of the
emigration form and Oswald's passport application reveals not only
inconsistencies, it also provides a rare chance to compare the
handwriting of Lee Oswald and Harvey Oswald.

Harvey Oswald purchased a ticket from a travel agency in the
International Trade Mart Building, boarded the SS Marion Lykes, and left
for Russia. This article and photo appeared in the Fort Worth Star
Telegram concerning Oswald's defection. This is Lee Oswald, recognizable
to residents of Fort Worth. Harvey Oswald's photograph did not appear in
Fort Worth newspapers in 1959--no one in Fort Worth would have recognized
Harvey as "Lee Oswald".


Lee Oswald remained in the US while Harvey went to Russia. When Harvey
Oswald met Marina, she thought he was a native Russian with a Baltic
accent. When she learned he was a foreigner, she asked which of his
parents was Russian. His March, 1961 medical records from Minsk list his
name as "Harvey Alik Oswald". A State Department Security Office memo of
March 2, 1961 refers to "Harvey" Oswald. A letter written to Oswald in
May 3, 1961 is addressed to Esteemed Citizen "Harvey Oswald". A CIA memo
of November 25, 1963 explained the agencies interest in the "Harvey"
story. The merging of Harvey Oswald with Lee Oswald's background had been
successful. Russian speaking Harvey was in Russia and Lee was working
with CIA operatives in New Orleans, Texas and Florida. People who look
similar, like Harvey and Lee, are often used by the intelligence
community. Castro's top agents were identical twin brothers--Patricio and
Antonio De La Guardia. Lee and Harvey were not identical in appearance,
but they looked similar enough to confuse, deceive, and fool those who
knew or saw them. This is the smoke and mirrors Jim Garrison spoke
of--trademarks of the intelligence community.

Lee Oswald was in New Orleans and Florida in the summer and fall of 1959.
William Huffman told the FBI he saw Oswald "sometime after Castro came to
power, in January, 1959".  Oswald and four or five Cubans fueled a 43
foot Chris Craft diesel boat at his dock. Oswald telephoned "Ruben" in
Key West, who came to the dock and paid for the fuel.  "Ruben" may have
been Jack Ruby, who ran guns to Castro in the late 1950's from a house in
Kemah, Texas. Neighbors were quite familiar with Jack Ruby, and remember
his weekend trips to Cuba in a 50 foot surplus military craft loaded with
guns. Marita Lorenz met Lee Oswald at a safehouse in Miami in 1960 and
saw and photographed him again at CIA training camps in the Florida
everglades several times during 1960 and 1961. Former Congresswoman Clare
Boothe Luce financed Cuban exile groups in the early 1960's. The Captain
of one of these groups advised Luce "that (Lee) Oswald and others were
involved in infiltration of Communist groups in that area".

By June, 1960 J. Edgar Hoover was aware of an Oswald in the States and an
Oswald in Russia. He sent this memo to his field offices warning them
that an impostor may be using Oswald's birth certificate. FBI files
contain many reports of Lee Oswald in the States while Harvey is in
Russia, but you won't find them in the Warren Volumes.

In January, 1961, Fred Sewell, manager of the Bolton Ford Truck center in
New Orleans met "Lee Oswald", who wanted to buy trucks to be sent to
Cuba. The sales order form listed the purchaser as Friends of Democratic
Cuba whose members included former FBI Agent Guy Bannister, active FBI
agents Logan and Kennedy, Lee Oswald's former employer, Gerard Tujague,
and CIA operative William Dalzell.

In the spring of 1961, Lee Oswald visited the Dumas and Milnes Chevrolet
Dealership in New Orleans. He and salesman James Spencer had coffee at
Walgreens and discussed the sale of a 1958 Chevrolet to Oswald. This
Oswald, Lee Oswald, could drive and, as we shall see, had a valid Texas
drivers license.

In May, 1961 Robert Taber, a member of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee,
and "Lieutenant Oswald" met with Dr. Enrique Luaces in Havana, Cuba. 
Oswald was introduced as an arms expert. Dr. Luaces said he had no doubt
that the Oswald he met in 1961 and the Lee Harvey Oswald whose picture
appeared on television after the assassination are one and the same.
After the assassination the US Army forwarded a file captioned "Harvey
Oswald" to the FBI which contained an Army Intelligence report about
Oswald and Robert Taber in Cuba.

In July, 1961, Ray Camay, news director for radio station KBOX in Dallas,
told the FBI he met with Lee Oswald on several occasions in the summer of
1961. Oswald tried to obtain from him the names of pilots who had
volunteered to fly Flying Tiger missions over Cuba. The FBI knew how to
deal with Carney. They told him that Oswald was in Russia during 1961 and
he was obviously mistaken.

In the fall of 1961, Police Officer Charles Noto arrested Lee Oswald and
Celso Hernandez on Breakwater Road on the Lakefront in New Orleans. They
were brought to Levee Board Police Headquarters where, after a closed
door session with Marcel Champon, the officer in charge, they were
released. This 1961 arrest is very important. Two years later, in August,
1963, Celso Hernandez would again be arrested. But this time he was
arrested with Harvey Oswald, who created a disturbance by handing out
"Fair Play for Cuba Literature". Hernandez knew both Oswalds.

In late 1961 and early 1962 Stephen Landesberg, Earl Perry, and Oswald
created demonstrations in New York City. Landesberg and Perry would
create the demonstrations while Oswald took photographs. A few hours
after the assassination Landesberg told his story to the FBI. The FBI
knew how to deal with Landesberg. Because the FBI knew Oswald was in
Russia during 1961 and early 1962, they charged Landesberg with providing
false information to the government and summarily had him committed to
the Bellevue Psychiatric Center in New York. The entire court case, US
vs. Steven Harris Landesberg, including two backup microfilm copies,
disappeared from the court archival records. When the FBI tried to obtain
Earl Perry's records from the Marines, they were told they would first
have to get clearance from the Pentagon-from the Pentagon!

In the summer of 1962, Leander D'Avy worked as a doorman at the Court of
Two Sisters restaurant in the French Quarter. A man he later identified
as Lee Harvey Oswald approached him and asked for Clay Bertrand. The
restaurant manager, Gene Davis, told D'Avy he would speak with the man.
Davis spoke to Oswald at the bar and later, after Oswald left, told D'Avy
that the man had been behind the Iron Curtain. On a Saturday morning in
November, 1963, about two or three weeks before the assassination, D'Avy
went looking for Davis to obtain his paycheck. He found Davis in an
upstairs storeroom that was being used as a makeshift apartment. With
Davis were Lee Harvey Oswald, David Ferrie, a Cuban, and three
unidentified men.

In 1968, New Orleans D. A. Jim Garrison wanted to question Davis about
his associations with Oswald. Garrison had asked Davis to take a
polygraph test, but he refused. He had good reason to refuse. Eugene
Clair Davis was an active informant of the New Orleans FBI designated
symbol informant 1189-C as of October 11, 1961. The National Archives has
many documents on Gene Davis, most of them "postponed in full".

From 1959 thru the Spring of 1962 Lee Oswald was surrounded by people
involved in Cuban affairs-people we now know were either working for or
closely associated with the CIA and FBI.

In June 1962 Harvey Oswald left Russia, and moved to Fort Worth where he
impressed the Dallas  Russian community with his command of the Russian
language. George DeMohrenschildt said Harvey preferred speaking Russian
to English. He discussed classical Russian literature with Harvey-in the
Russian language. Speaking elementary Russian is one thing. Speaking and
reading Russian well enough to discuss "classical Russian literature"
with a well educated native speaking Russian is another. The Warren
Commission wants us to believe this high school dropout taught himself
Russian by reading Russian newspapers--at age 19. In reality Harvey
Oswald had been speaking Russian for a long time-- since childhood.

Oswald's Russian speaking ability allowed him to observe and report on
conditions in the Soviet Union. His 50 page manuscript (Volume 16, pp.
287-336) is replete with minute detail, facts and data--not the type of
information recorded by a tourist or temporary resident of Russia.

When Lee Oswald's older brother, John Pic, saw "Harvey" Oswald after his
return from Russia, Pic told the Warren Commission "the Lee Harvey Oswald
I met in November, 1962 was not the same Lee Oswald I had known 10 years
previous".  When Attorney Jenner asked Pic how he looked physically "as
compared with when you had last seen him," Pic replied "I would never
have recognized him, sir". You noticed a material change in his
appearance? Pic replied, "much thinner, didn't have as much hair,
different facial features, eyes set back, his face was rounder, and he no
longer had a bull neck". The Oswald that Pic saw on Thanksgiving day in
1962 wrote his name in Pic's address book as "Harvey".

In September, 1962, when Harvey Oswald was working at Leslie Welding in
Fort Worth, ex-CIA agent Donald Norton met with Lee Harvey Oswald in
Mexico. He gave Oswald $50,000 in cash and received, in turn, a manila

In March, 1963 when Harvey and Marina were living on Neeley Street, a
letter was found in the mail box at the Carousel Club addressed to Jake
Rubenstein. The return address was "Lee Oswald, 1106 Diceman Avenue,
Dallas, Texas". Daniel Thomas McGown, a prominent Memphis attorney, found
the letter below the mailbox. He notified the FBI of the letter after the

In June, 1963 Harvey Oswald applied for a passport. He listed his
mother's and father's birth date incorrectly and misspelled his mother's
maiden name. Four years earlier, in September, 1959, Lee Oswald had
applied for a passport and made similar mistakes. It is likely the 1959
passport application was filled out by Lee and the 1963 passport
application was filled out by Harvey. The discrepancies in his parents
birth dates on two passport applications are unexplainable. Curiously,
another individual applied for and received passports on two separate
occasions and made the same mistakes as Oswald--both parents had
different birth dates listed on each passport application. That person
was Oswald's cousin, Marilyn Murrett.

In July, while Harvey is working at the Reilly Coffee Company in New
Orleans, Marshall Hicks, an employee of Western Union, delivered several
telegrams to Lee Harvey Oswald at 1501 W. 7th, in Fort Worth.

In the Spring and Summer of 1963 Dorothy Marcum dated Jack Ruby. She was
certain that Oswald and Ruby not only knew each other, but that Oswald
had worked for Ruby in June and July, 1963.

When Jack Ruby's Oldsmobile needed work, mechanic Robert Roy said it was
Lee Oswald who delivered and picked up the car, not once, but several

When Frances Hise visited Jack Ruby at the Carousel Club, she saw a man
enter through the back door. Ruby said, "Hi Ozzie," and told him to go in
the back room. When Ruby finished speaking with Miss Hise he joined
"Ozzie". She said there was "no doubt in her mind" it was Oswald. Dozens
of people saw Oswald and Ruby together in the summer and fall of 1963.
This is precisely the time during which Harvey was residing with Marina
in New Orleans. It was Lee Oswald who knew Jack Ruby. Here is a list of
people who place Oswald and Ruby together.

Through early 1963, the activities of Harvey Oswald and Lee Oswald had no
apparent relationship to the assassination. But in the summer of 1963
things changed. Antonio Veciana observed his long time associate "Bishop"
with Lee Oswald at the Southland Building in Dallas. "Bishop" also known
as David Atlee Phillips was the head of Cuban Propaganda for the CIA. Why
would the head of CIA Cuban Propaganda operations be with Lee Oswald?
.... Because the plot, as it developed, could not have succeeded without
Lee Oswald. During the next two months Lee Oswald was used to impersonate
Harvey in a series of events that were designed to set up "Harvey" as the
assassin and implicate Cuba as his sponsor. It is not unreasonable to
speculate that David Phillips masterminded this plan. After the
assassination, Phillips was in a perfect position to receive, direct and
control inquiries to the CIA in Mexico City regarding Oswald. As most
researchers know, there were many bogus CIA dispatches that came from
Mexico City following the assassination.

In August, Harvey was arrested in New Orleans for creating a disturbance
while passing out "Fair Play for Cuba Literature". Helping him was
Charles Hall Steele, who we now know was an FBI informant identified as
"Dallas T-14". A photograph of Oswald was shown to Oswald's brother, John
Pic. Attorney Jenner asked "Do you recognize the young man handing out
the leaflets?" Pic replied "No, sir, I would be unable to recognize him".
Jenner replied "As to whether he was your brother". Pic replied "That is
correct" . Once again, John Pic refused to identify Harvey Oswald as his
brother. Instead of asking Pic to identify the person in the photos, they
asked no further questions. Again and again Pic told the Warren
Commission the photos in Life Magazine were not his brother-but nobody
listened. How many times does John Pic have to tell us these photos are
not his brother before we finally believe him?

In September 1963, while Harvey is in New Orleans, "Lee Oswald" and Mr.
Hernandez approached Robert McKeown at his home in Bay Cliff, Texas.
Hernandez, in his 40's, may have been forty seven year old Celso
Hernandez, arrested with Oswald in New Orleans in 1961, and arrested with
Oswald in August, 1963. Lee Oswald offered to purchase four Savage .300
caliber automatic rifles with scopes for $1,000 each-rifles that could be
purchased for $300 from Sears & Roebuck. McKeown wondered why someone
would pay him so much for these rifles. McKeown told the HSCA "that is
what puzzled me, why would he come to me". McKeown may have been puzzled,
but it made perfect sense to the people who sent Lee Oswald to purchase
the rifles. A photograph appeared in the Houston Chronicle on April 29,
1959. It was McKeown and his friend Fidel Castro. McKeown had provided
Castro with armaments during the Cuban revolution. Grateful for McKeown's
help, Castro had flown to Houston and offered McKeown concessions or a
high position in the Cuban government. If anyone had wanted to place the
blame for Kennedy's assassination on the Cuban government, what better
way than to have Castro's close friend and gun supplier, Robert McKeown,
provide Oswald with rifles to assassinate Kennedy.

In September, 1963, Mrs. Lou Hayes noticed a young man sitting close to
her on a bus. He began talking about his "recent trip to Cuba". He said
"I flew there. I saw Castro". Two months later, when Mrs. Hayes saw
Oswald's photograph on TV, she recognized him as the young man she had
seen on the bus. Mrs. Hayes was a long time friend of Warren Commission
member Hale Boggs. Mr. Boggs sent this letter to Warren Commission
counsel J. Lee Rankin. He wrote "Mrs. Hayes is a thoroughly responsible
person and information contained in her letter of December 11, 1963
should be checked out thoroughly by the Commission". The statements made
by the person she saw on the bus, probably Lee Oswald, were staged to
show a close relationship between Cuba, Castro, and Oswald.

In September, 1963 former Army Intelligence Officer Richard Case Nagel
knew of an impending assassination attempt on President Kennedy. Nagel
wrote to J. Edgar Hoover advising "that a conspiracy involving Lee Harvey
Oswald would take place in the latter part of September, 1963". Wanting
no part of a conspiracy Nagel, on September 20, walked into the State
National Bank in El Paso and fired shots into the ceiling. He walked
outside, waited for the police to arrest him, and was taken to jail. When
searched, the police found a photocopy of an ID card belonging to Lee
Harvey Oswald. A close examination of the Oswald ID card found on Nagel
and the Oswald ID card taken from Oswald on November 22 show differences.
The postmark on Oswald's card does not appear on Nagel's copy. The
signatures do not match and the photographs are not the same. The
photograph on Nagel's copy of Oswald's ID card, though not very clear,
has different facial features, a different hairline, and different
clothing (the person in Nagel's ID card is wearing a tie). Two different
photos of Oswald on two, otherwise identical, ID cards. What Nagel was
doing with a copy of Oswald's ID card two months before the assassination
is a mystery.

On September 23, while Harvey, Marina, June. and Ruth Paine were in New
Orleans, a "Lee Oswald" applied for a job, through the Texas Employment
Commission, at the Semter Drug Depot in Dallas, Texas.

On September 25, when "Oswald" cashed an unemployment check at the Winn
Dixie Store in New Orleans, Mrs. Lee Dannelly of the Selective Service
Commission in Austin, Texas, interviewed a man who identified himself as
Harvey Oswald. He was attempting to straighten out his dishonorable
discharge from the Marines. Oswald said he had entered the Marines in
Florida and resided in Fort Worth. Oswald was also seen in an Austin cafe
later that day.

On September 26, An "Oswald" sat next to John Howard Bowen/Albert Osborne
on a bus bound for Mexico City. He discussed Mexico with two Australian
girls, pointed out landmarks, and recommended the Hotel Cuba in Mexico
City. On September 27th an Oswald visited the Cuban Embassy. When refused
a visa, he caused a minor scene which was remembered by embassy
personnel. J. Edgar Hoover alleged that when Oswald was refused a visa,
he left saying "I'm going to kill Kennedy for this". Hoover's allegation
was not supported by the Cubans at the embassy.

Cuban consul Eusebio Azcue and his assistant Sylvia Duran remembered
Oswald. Sylvia Duran said Oswald was her height, about 5'3", and having
blond hair. When Azcue saw television coverage of the assassination,
Azcue said that the "Oswald" he saw did not even resemble the man who
visited his consulate. Two photographs were taken of Oswald inside the
embassy by the Cubans. The photographs show a medium height, blond person
wearing a sweater.

"Oswald" visited the Russian embassy at noon on September 27 where he
spoke, in broken Russian, to employees of the embassy. This Oswald's
Russian was so poor, he and the embassy staff switched to English. The
Oswald George DeMohrenschildt knew, Harvey, spoke Russian well enough to
discuss classical Russian literature in the Russian language--not broken
Russian. The day after the assassination J. Edgar Hoover told Lyndon
Johnson "we have up here the tape recording and the photograph of the man
who was at the Soviet embassy using Oswald's name. That picture and tape
recording do not correspond to this man's voice, nor to his appearance.
In other words, it appears that there is a second person who was at the
Soviet embassy down there."

It appears that neither Harvey nor Lee Oswald were in Mexico City. Had
this person been either Harvey or Lee, CIA cameras would have recorded
his visit and provided a photo or the tape recording would have been
Oswald's voice. The CIA would have provided a photo of Harvey or Lee-not
this photograph of a middle aged, heavyset, unidentified man. According
to Richard Helms, this photograph was taken after Oswald left Mexico-on
October 4. There was little, if any, evidence that placed either Harvey
or Lee in Mexico City.

David Atlee Phillips was a long time associate of Alpha 66 leader Antonio
Veciana. Phillips knew that Veciana had a relative in the Cuban embassy.
He was asked by Phillips to offer his relative a large sum of money to
say that the relative and his wife met Oswald during his Mexico City
trip. If evidence would not place Oswald in Mexico City, perhaps the
offer of money would. Attempted bribery and coercion by the head of Cuban
operations for the CIA-David Atlee Phillips. Further indications of CIA involvement; further attempts to place Oswald in Mexico City.

Visits to the Cuban and Russian embassies took place on September 27.
That evening a "Leon Oswald", probably Lee Oswald was in Dallas visiting
Sylvia Odio.

In the afternoon of the following day, Mrs. Lorena Brayshaw and her
daughter Carol met and spent time with Harvey Oswald in New Orleans in
the French Quarter.

That same day, September 28, with an "Oswald" in Mexico City, and Harvey
in New Orleans, Lee Oswald arrived at the Sports Drome Rifle Range
driving a 1940 Model Ford. He asked Mr. Price, a friend of the owner of
the facility, to help him sight in his rifle. With car lights shining on
the target, Mr. Price sighted in the rifle.

On October 3, an Oswald left Mexico at Nuevo Laredo, at 1:30 am. Mexican
records list Oswald's departure by automobile. The Warren Commission says
he left Mexico by bus and arrived in San Antonio at 6:30 am. During the
next few days, Oswald sightings multiplied.

An Oswald spent the next night, October 4, in Alice, Texas, 100 miles
east of Laredo. The next morning, accompanied by a woman and two year old
child, he drove an old model car to radio station KOPY. He filled out an
employment application, visited with Laymon Stewart and Robert Janca, and
said he had just come from Mexico.

A few days later an "Oswald" applied for a job at the Continental Oil
Company in Houston. This person identified himself as "Lee Oswald" and
was interviewed by Mrs. Sheppard. He told her he had just returned from
Mexico with a friend and that they had tried to proceed from Mexico to
Cuba. Oswald told her he was staying at the Savoy apartments two blocks

George Ryan, manager of the Stop-N-Go drive-in grocery in Houston told
the FBI that Oswald tried on three successive days to cash a $65 check at
his store. He told the Houston Press he was under orders from the FBI not
to discuss the case.

We have one Oswald leaving Mexico on October 3, driving thru Alice, Texas
on October 4 with a woman and two year old child, applying for a job in
Houston, residing at the Savoy Apartments the week of Oct. 7th, and
trying to cash a $65 check.

On the afternoon of October 3, with one Oswald in Alice, Texas and Harvey
in New Orleans, an Oswald, probably Lee Oswald, was interviewed by Harry
Sanderson of the Texas Employment Commission . Later, Oswald checked into
the Dallas YMCA and was assigned room 601.

On October 4, Harvey Oswald filled out, signed and dated an employment
application at the JOBCO employment agency in Dallas. The evening of
October 4th, Dallas Attorney Carroll Jarnagin overheard a conversation
between Jack Ruby and Harvey Oswald at the Carousel Club. Harvey Oswald
told Jack Ruby that he had just got in from New Orleans. Jarnagin took
notes of that conversation which appear as WC #2821. According to Ruth
Paine, Oswald stayed at her house in Irving the evening of the 4th, 5th
and 6th of October. On October 7, Harvey Oswald rented a room from Mary
Bledsoe in Dallas.

From September 25 thru October 5th Oswalds can be found in New Orleans,
Mexico City, Dallas, Houston, and a number of small towns near Alice,
Texas at the same time. These multiple sightings have confused
researchers for years and continue to confuse us today. The available
evidence simply does not allow us to accurately pinpoint which Oswald was
at a particular location at a given time. What is obvious from the
multiple, concurrent, Oswald sightings is the unseen hand of a covert
intelligence operation.

Lee Oswald was at the Sports Drome Rifle Range on October 10th. On
October 17th, while Harvey was working at the Book Depository, Lee was
again at the Sports Drome Rifle Range. He arrived with another man in a
car and wound up shooting at Gordon Slack's target. Mr. Slack identified
Oswald's picture, but said that Oswald's hair was much longer.

Laurel Kittrell, of the Texas Employment Commission, interviewed Harvey
Oswald before he began work at the Book Depository on October 15. He told
her he had come up from New Orleans.  She described him as neat in
appearance and articulate. He told her his first job was selling shoes.
In 1956 he moved to Encino, California and worked 6 months a motorscooter
messenger boy before he joined the Marines. Laurel Kittrell interviewed
"Harvey Oswald", who first worked at Dolly Shoe in 1955, and wrote the
infamous note to Warren Easton High School in October, 1955 stating "we
are moving to San Diego". Her curiosity was aroused when Oswald told her
he had lived in Russia and had a Russian wife. She noticed the woman with
him was about to have a baby and remembered her as being quite short and
wearing no makeup. During this interview, she asked him what he liked
best about Russia. He replied "The opera". A week later Oswald showed up
for another interview. Harvey was then working at the T.S.B.D.. But Mrs.
Kittrell realized this Oswald was not the same person she had interviewed
before. The two Oswalds were very, very similar--but different people.
She said, "the man I remember as (Harvey) Oswald, and the man I remember
as the Teamster were much alike in size, shape and outline, generally,
there was a marked difference between them in bearing and manner. The man
I remember as Oswald was a trim, energetic, compact, well-knit person,
who sat on the edge of a chair (Harvey). The man I remember  as the
Teamster, was sprawled over his chair and was rather messy looking
(Lee)". After the assassination, Mrs. Kittrell wrote and phoned the FBI,
but was not interviewed until a year later, after the Warren Commission
volumes were published.

On the evening of October 22, an "Oswald Lee" visited the home of Harold
Zotch in Grand Prairie, Texas (south of Irving, TX). Mrs. James Walker
and Oswald spoke for nearly two hours.

Oswald told her he had been to Russia and was writing a book about his
experiences. He said he had been working at the Texas Book Store for
eight days, had a room in Oak Cliff, and said his wife lived in Irving,
Texas. She noticed a tattoo of a dagger with a snake on his left forearm.
She asked him what this meant and he said "don't tread on me--you know,
don't step on me". About 10 PM Oswald left in an old model car driven by
a tall, dark headed young man.

On October 24, FBI Agent Milton Kaack visited the Department of Vital
Statistics in New Orleans, where he inquired about birth records for Lee
Harvey Oswald. With FBI informant Gene Davis keeping company with Lee
Oswald, FBI informant Charles Steele handing out Fair Play for Cuba
Literature with Harvey Oswald, and FBI Agent Hosty keeping tabs on his
PCI informant Harvey Oswald in Dallas, the FBI was certainly interested
in Oswald. Their interest may have prompted FBI Agent Milton Kaack to
check the birth record of Lee Harvey Oswald-less than a month before the

Two weeks later, Jack Ruby and a man believed to be Oswald were at the
Contract Electronics store in Dallas at 3 P.M. for approximately one
hour. The store personnel, Kermit Patterson, Donald Stuart and Charles
Arndt, discussed the buying and selling of electronic equipment with
them. Patterson identified Lee Harvey Oswald from New Orleans Police
photographs as the person he saw in his store. He said Oswald had a
tattoo on his left forearm.

In Irving, Texas Harry Spencer interviewed Oswald for a job at his
Heating and Air Conditioning company. He found Oswald so interesting that
he spoke with him nearly an hour--yet Warren Commission records show
Harvey Oswald working at the Book Depository the time.

Cliff Shasteen operated a barber shop less than a mile from the Paines'
house in Irving. Shasteen, an Irving city council member, was Lee
Oswald's barber. He saw Oswald at various Irving locations including
Williamsburg's Drug Store, Hutchison's Grocery and the Paines' house.
Every other week Oswald drove the Paine's station wagon to his shop for a
haircut. Shasteen thought he lived with the Paine's. So did the
neighborhood postman who remembered the substantial amounts of mail
Oswald received at the Paines. Shasteen and his fellow barbers cut Lee
Oswald's hair twice a month beginning in the summer of 1963. FBI Agent
Bardwell Odom told Shasteen that his memory of cutting Oswald's hair in
the summer of 1963 was during the time Oswald lived in New Orleans. In a
tape recorded interview Shasteen replied "I can't help what it
contradicts, that's just the fact and that's it." He remembered Oswald
had "nearly black hair" as well as "hairy arms", also with black hair.
This differs from Harvey Oswald's medium brown hair. He remembered that
Oswald always wore either long sleeve or short sleeve coveralls that
buttoned up the front; yet no coveralls were found among Oswald's
possessions nor was Oswald known to wear coveralls. Shasteen noticed
Oswald's yellow shoes, which Oswald said he had purchased in Mexico for
$1.50. Oswald said he frequently traveled to Mexico. Shortly after the
assassination the FBI was trying to find evidence of Oswald's visit to
Mexico. The yellow shoes noticed by Shasteen would have helped the FBI
place Oswald in Mexico. Yet no yellow shoes were found among Harvey
Oswald's possessions and the FBI was unable to come up with any physical
evidence that linked Harvey Oswald with his alleged trip to Mexico City.

Finally, nine months after the assassination, on August 27, 1964, the FBI
was provided with items that linked Oswald to Mexico City. A guide map of
Mexico City, a pamphlet for the week of September 24, and a portion of a
bus ticket were conveniently provided by Marina, having been discovered
by CIA asset Pricilla Johnson McMillan.

On one visit to Shasteen's barber shop Oswald was accompanied by an
unknown 14 year old boy. Later, in October, this boy was dropped off for
a haircut by someone driving a 1958 Ford.

Shasteen often saw Oswald at Hutchison's Grocery, across the street from
his shop. Store owner Leonard Hutchinson said Oswald came to his store
during the weekdays, always purchasing the same items--a gallon of milk,
a loaf of bread, and a package of cinnamon rolls. During the weekdays,
Harvey Oswald lived 13 miles away in Oak Cliff while working at the Book
Depository. In early November Oswald, accompanied by two women matching
the description of Marguerite and Marina, attempted to cash a check in
the amount of $189 made payable to Harvey Oswald. Curiously, the amount
of the check-$189-is only a few dollars more than the amount Harvey left
on the dresser the morning of November 22. Where would "Harvey Oswald"
get a $189 check? His only place of employment since July was the Texas
School Book Depository and they paid their employees in cash. The answer
may come from FBI Agent James Hosty who told fellow FBI Agent Gayton
Carver that Oswald was a paid FBI informant. When Hosty mentioned that he
contacted Oswald by placing notes under Oswald's apartment door, Carver
said "you mean the Paine's house?", Hosty responded "no, Oswald's

On Wednesday or Thursday, November 6 or 7th, Oswald, wife and child
arrived around 2 P.M.. in a 1958 blue Ford.  Marina was recognized by
Gertrude Hunter, a friend of store owner Edith Whitworth. Mrs. Hunter had
previously seen and spoken to Marina at Minyard's Grocery and a service
station located at 6th and Hastings Street. Oswald mentioned to Mrs.
Whitworth he had an apartment and would need furniture in a couple of
weeks. After the assassination Marina denied being in the store or
meeting either woman. In an attempt to resolve the matter the Warren
Commission had Mrs. Whitworth and Mrs. Hunter meet with Marina. Both
women positively identified her as the woman they had seen and spoken
with in the Furniture Mart as well as other locations in Irving. Mrs.
Hunter remembered that Marina spoke with a woman dressed in a white
uniform about clothing and the welfare of her baby. She remembered the
Salvation Army was mentioned. Mrs. Ambrose Martinez, Intake Secretary of
the Salvation Army in Dallas told the FBI that Lee and Marina Oswald
accompanied by two children came to her office in seeking aid. Oswald
gave Mrs. Paine as a reference. Oswald said he had met Mrs. Paine in New
Orleans and he and Marina lived with Mrs. Paine in Irving. Marina not
only denied being at the Furniture Mart, she denied ever knowing these
women, denied applying for assistance from the Salvation Army, denied
shopping at Hutchinson's Grocery, denied shopping at Minyard's Grocery
and denied riding in a car driven by her husband. If Marina had admitted
to riding in a car with Oswald, or if Ruth or Michael Paine admitted
loaning Oswald either of their cars, they would have confirmed Lee's
driving ability.

A check with the Texas Department of Public safety would have turned up a
drivers license in the name of Lee Oswald and risked exposing the two

Many people had knowledge of Lee Oswald's Texas drivers license or
driving ability.  When Marina, Robert and the Paines refused to admit
"Oswald" could drive, they were referring to "Harvey"-they all knew Lee
and knew he could drive. Harvey lived in Oak Cliff, 13 miles from the
Paine house, worked at the Book Depository without missing a day, was not
in Irving during the week, did not have a drivers license, and could not
drive. Lee Oswald had a Texas drivers license, was seen driving several
different cars, and may have had an apartment in or near Irving as
mentioned by James Hosty. As Shasteen observed, Lee Oswald may have lived
at the Paine's during the week. 

In late October and early November, Lee Oswald was used again and again
to set up Harvey as the "patsy". In late October an Oswald drove to the
Sports Drome rifle range where he again target practiced. On October 31,
an Oswald applied for a job at the multi-story Statler Hilton Hotel in
downtown Dallas. On November 1, an Oswald purchased ammunition at
Morgan's Gun Shop. On November 4th, an Oswald visited Dial Ryders gun
shop to have a scope mounted on his rifle even though Mr. Davis had
sighted in Oswald's rifle, with scope, at the Sports Drome Rifle Range a
month earlier. The rifle ordered from Kleins Sporting Goods in March,
1963 came with a scope already mounted. On November 9, an Oswald was at
the Downtown Lincoln Mercury dealership where he gave his name to the
salesman, test drove a new car at excessive speeds and said he would soon
have enough money to buy a new car. On November 16, an Oswald applied for
a job at the Southland Hotel Parking garage (Allright Parking Systems).
Oswald asked how high the Southland Building was and if it had a good
view of downtown  Dallas. A rifle with a scope. ammunition, target
practice, a tall building from which to shoot the President, and enough
money within a few weeks to buy a new car. The framing of "Harvey Oswald"
as the assassin was nearly complete.

A few days before the assassination, Mr. W. M. Hannie was in Juarez,
Mexico preparing to drive to Fort Worth for medical treatment. He was
asked if he would mind giving a ride to a young man named Lee Oswald.
Hannie agreed, provided the man would drive, since Hannie was using
medication. Enroute to Fort Worth, Oswald told Hannie he had recently
been in Mexico City. Oswald spoke of his two children, the "book company"
and Jack Ruby's "honky-tonk" which he said he was tired of cleaning.
Dorothy Marcum, Ruby's girlfriend, corroborated Lee Oswald working for
Ruby in 1963. Hannie said that during their trip from El Paso to Fort
Worth, Oswald used the telephone at nearly every stop.

Abilene, Texas is a little over half way from El Paso/Juarez to Fort
Worth. On November 17 a note had been slipped under the apartment door of
Harold Reynolds, a photographer. The note had been intended for his
neighbor, Pedro Valeriano Gonzalez, president of the Cuban Liberation
Committee. The note read "Call me immediately. Urgent". Two Dallas phone
numbers were given. The note was signed "Lee Oswald". Reynolds gave the
note to Gonzalez, who was quite nervous when he saw it. Although he had a
phone in his apartment, Gonzalez proceeded directly to a pay phone to
call Dallas. Reynolds reported that he had seen a man who looked like Lee
Harvey Oswald with an older man from New Orleans at Gonzalez's apartment.
After the assassination Gonzalez fled to Venezuala.

On November 20, Mary Dowling served Lee Oswald at the Dobbs House
Restaurant at 10:00 am. He was unsatisfied with his order and cursed at
her while Police Officer J. D. Tippit looked on. Chef Dolores Harrison,
Manager Sam Rogers, and employee Douglas Leaks remembered Oswald as a
regular "coffee customer". They were not interviewed by the Warren
Commission because their testimony would have placed Oswald at the Dobbs
House during the morning of November 20, instead of at the Book

A half hour later, at 10:30 a.m., an "Oswald" was picked up at the
Beckley Street entrance to the R. L. Thornton Expressway, less than a
mile from the Dobbs House, while hitch-hiking. He introduced himself to
the driver as "Lee Harvey Oswald" and was carrying a 4 foot long package
wrapped in brown paper. He told the driver, Mr. Ralph Yates, it contained
curtain rods and discussed the President's visit. Mr. Yates dropped
Oswald off across the street from the book depository. Upon returning to
work, Mr. Yates told a fellow employee, Dempsey Jones, about the person
he had picked up in Oak Cliff and dropped off at the corner of Elm and
Houston. The FBI gave Yates a polygraph test. When the results failed to
discredit Yates, the Bureau called the tests "inconclusive".

Also on November 20, a package was mailed from Irving, Texas to Lee
Oswald at 2515 W. 5th St., Irving, TX. On Thursday, Oswald rode to the
Paines with fellow employee Wesley Frazier. Oswald said he wanted to pick
up some curtain rods Mrs. Paine had for him. The package mailed on
Wednesday had not been delivered. There was $.12 postage due on the
package and it was held at the Irving Post Office. A notice of attempted
delivery was received by Ruth Paine and turned over to the FBI. They
picked up the package prior to the Dallas Police searching the Paine
residence on November 23rd. The package, opened by US Post Office
Inspector Harry Holmes, contained "a long brown bag opened at both
ends"--similar to the brown bag that was allegedly found by the Dallas
Police in the Book Depository. We know Wesley Frazier and his sister
allegedly saw Oswald place a "brown bag" in Frazier's car and carry the
bag into the Book Depository the morning of the assassination. Yet no one
else saw Oswald carry a bag into the Book Depository. The Dallas Police
found a brown bag on the 6th floor which, allegedly, was used to carry
the rifle into the building. No fingerprints were found on that bag. Nor
were fingerprints found on the brown bag mailed to Oswald at the Paine
residence. If the package containing the brown bag would have had the
correct amount of postage, it would have been delivered to the Paine
residence. Oswald would have opened the package and unwittingly placed
his fingerprints on the brown bag--a bag that could have been
conveniently placed on the 6th floor of the Book Depository. The expected
delivery of a package containing "curtain rods" could have been the
reason for Oswald's uncharacteristic trip to Irving on Thursday evening.

On November 22, Harvey Oswald left a wallet, wedding ring and $180.00 on
the dresser at the Paine residence. He arrived at the Book Depository at
8:00 am. At the same time Lee Oswald was seen at Top Ten Records, near
the Texas Theater, where he purchased a ticket. Lee Oswald returned a
short time later and purchased another ticket. This time, Officer J.D.
Tippit was in the store. Two hours later Lee Oswald purchased two bottles
of beer from the Jiffy Store near downtown Dallas. When asked for
identification, he showed store clerk Fred Moore a Texas drivers license
with the name Lee Oswald. Moore remembered Oswald's birth date as
October, 1939.

Fifteen minutes before the assassination Arnold Rowland saw two men, one
of them wearing a white shirt and holding a rifle, in the far west window
of the Book Depository. This window is at the opposite end of the
building from the window from which Oswald was supposed to have fired. At
this time Harvey Oswald told the Dallas Police he was eating in the

Jack Ruby had telephoned a friend and asked if he would "like to watch
the fireworks". Unknown to Ruby, his friend was an informant for the
criminal intelligence division of the Internal Revenue Service. He and
Ruby were standing at the corner of the Postal Annex Building at the time
of the shooting. Minutes later Phil Willis, who knew Jack Ruby, saw and
photographed Ruby near the front of the School Book Depository.

Across the street four young women were watching the events. They worked
at a sewing room in the Dal-Tex Building and knew Oswald. They said he
spoke Spanish well and ate with them at a nearby restaurant. They also
were acquainted with Jack Ruby, who they observed walking up and down the
street near the Depository Building after the assassination. When Oswald
came out, these four women saw Ruby give Oswald a pistol. Even though
they reported this to the FBI, it was never followed up by the FBI, as
there are no known interviews of these girls nor was Ruby ever questioned
about this.

The Warren Commission tells us Oswald picked up his pistol from his room
at Beckley. But Earlene Roberts said when she cleaned his room, she never
saw a pistol or the holster found by the police in Oswald's room on the
afternoon of November 22. We know Harvey Oswald had a pistol and
attempted to fire it in the Texas Theater during his arrest. Officer
McDonald, Officer Charles Walker, Officer Hutson and other police
officers heard the gun "snap" and fail to fire. The snap of gun was also
heard by theater patrons including John Gibson. Officer Gerald Hill, who
took possession of the pistol at Dallas Police Headquarters, reported
that one of the shells had a hammer mark on the primer. An FBI report
states that the firing pin of Oswald's pistol was bent. If Oswald's gun
failed to fire in the Texas Theater, then why would that gun be expected
to fire and kill Officer Tippit? Shell casings from the Tippit shooting
were found and given to Dallas Police Officer Poe shortly after Tippit
vas shot. Poe placed his initials on the inside of the empty shell
casings. When shell casings were shown to him 6 months later by FBI Agent
Bardwell Odom, Poe refused to identify them as the casings given to him
at the scene of the Tippit murder--his initials were not on the inside of
the casings he was shown. These were different shells fired from a
different pistol.

If the information provided by the IRS informant, Phil Willis and Mrs.
Lopez's daughter and co-workers is accurate, it is possible Jack Ruby was
in Dealey Plaza at the time of the shooting and gave Harvey Oswald a
pistol with a bent firing pin. If such a pistol was given to Oswald by
Jack Ruby, then Ruby most certainly participated in and was knowledgeable
of the conspiracy. Ruby knew more about Oswald the evening of the
assassination than did members of the press or District Attorney Henry
Wade. When Wade said that Oswald was a member of the "Free Cuba
Committee", it was Jack Ruby who corrected Wade by saying "Fair Play for
Cuba Committee".

A person wearing "a light colored shirt", probably Lee Oswald, was seen
by Arnold Rowland at the west end window of the 6th floor of the Book
depository 15 minutes before the assassination. Another person, described
as "heavy set, wearing a hat, tan sport coat and horn rim glasses, was
seen by Richard Carr looking out of a window on the top floor of the Book
Depository. Minutes after the shooting James Worrell saw a person
described as "5'10" and wearing some sort of coat" leave the rear of the
Depository heading south on Houston St. Richard Carr saw the man he had
seen on the top floor of the Book Depository walk south on Houston, turn
east on Commerce, and then get into a Nash Rambler station wagon. This
car was parked on the corner of Commerce and Record. The Nash Rambler
station wagon was next seen in front of the Book Depository by Deputy
Sheriff Roger Craig. Craig saw a person wearing a light colored, short
sleeved shirt, who he later identified as Oswald, get into the station
wagon and then travel under the triple overpass towards Oak Cliff. Marvin
Robinson was driving his Cadillac when the Nash Rambler station wagon in
front of him abruptly stopped in front of the Book Depository. A young
man walked down the grassy incline and got into the vehicle which sped
away under the triple overpass. A third witness, Roy Cooper, was behind
Marvin Robinson's Cadillac. He observed a white male wave at, enter, and
leave in the station wagon. A photograph, taken by Jim Murray, shows a
man wearing a light colored short-sleeved shirt headed toward the Nash
Rambler station wagon which is in front of the Book Depository. Deputy
Sheriff Roger Craig, also in the photo, is pictured looking at the man
and the station wagon. The Hertz sign, on top of the Book Depository,
shows the time as 12:40 P.M.. The man in the white shirt, Lee Oswald,
jumped into the station wagon which sped toward Oak Cliff.

Roy Truly, minutes after  the assassination, saw Harvey Oswald in the
lunchroom. Oswald spoke to a reporter on his way to the front door. He
may have been given a defective pistol by Jack Ruby as witnessed by the
girls from the building across the street. Harvey Oswald walked 7 blocks
east on Elm  Street where he boarded a city bus which would have taken
him to Oak Cliff.  He rode the bus a few blocks back toward the Book
Depository until the bus became caught up in traffic. Harvey obtained a
bus transfer, later found by the police, left the bus, and walked south
on Lamar Street. William Whaley saw a man wearing a brown shirt walk
toward his cab on Lamar Street. Whaley took his passenger, who he later
identified as Oswald, to Oak Cliff via the Houston Street Viaduct.

Across the viaduct, five witnesses saw J.D. Tippit arrive at the Gloco
service station at 12:45. He sat in his car and watched traffic cross the
bridge from Dallas for about 10 minutes. There were no police dispatches
ordering Tippit to this location. If Tippit was not somehow involved,
what was he doing there? Oswald crossed the Houston Viaduct about 12:52
and passed in front of Tippit at the Gloco Station. Within a minute or
two (about 12:52 P.M.) Tippit sped south on Lancaster. Two minutes later,
at 12:54 P.M., Tippit answered his dispatcher and said he was at "8th and
Lancaster"--a mile south of the Gloco Station. He turned right on
Jefferson Blvd., and stopped at the Top Ten Record Store a few minutes
before 1:00 P.M. and used the phone. He left the store, sped across
Jefferson to Sunset where he ran a stop sign and turned right. From this
intersection Oswald's rooming house is a two minute drive (at 45 mph).

Whaley let Harvey Oswald off near the corner of Neeley and Beckley a few
minutes before 1:00 P.M.. Oswald walked to his rooming house, arriving
shortly after 1:00. While Oswald was inside a Dallas police car drove by
slowly and honked the horn twice. If this was not Tippit, then who was
it? All other Dallas Police cars were accounted for that day. Harvey
Oswald left the rooming house and was last seen on the corner of Zang and
Beckley by Earlene Roberts around 1:04 P.M.. During the next few minutes
Oswald managed to get to the Texas Theater, over a mile away, without
being seen by anyone en route. The only explanation that makes sense is
that he was driven to the theater, a two and one half minute ride,
probably by Tippit.

Butch Burroughs, an employee of the Texas Theater, heard someone enter
the theater shortly after 1:00 PM and go to the balcony. According to
Burroughs, Julia Postal sold this man a ticket. About 1:15 PM Harvey
Oswald came down from the balcony and bought popcorn from Burroughs. He
was seen by theater patron George Applin. Harvey, wearing a brown shirt,
walked into the lower level and sat next to Jack Davis during the opening
credits of the first movie, which began at 1:20 P.M. A few minutes later
Harvey moved across the aisle and sat next to a pregnant woman. Fifteen
minutes later, just before the police arrived, the pregnant woman went to
the balcony and was never seen again. Harvey remained in the same seat
until his arrest.

We have followed the movements Harvey Oswald, wearing the brown shirt,
from the Book Depository to the rooming house and then to the Texas
Theater. What about Lee Oswald, the man wearing the white shirt, who left
Dealey Plaza in the Rambler station wagon and was last seen heading
toward Oak Cliff at 12:40 P.M.?

Lee Oswald is first seen by Mr. Clark, a barber, hurrying past the 10th
Street Barber-a block from Jack Ruby's apartment.  William Lawrence Smith
left his construction job shortly after 1:00 P.M.. While walking east to
the Town and Country Cafe he passed a man, who he identified as Oswald,
walking west. Lee Oswald, wearing a "light colored shirt" and jacket, is
next seen walking west by William Arthur Smith and Jimmie Burt at 10th
and Denver. Cab driver Scoggins sees Oswald walking west as Tippit's
patrol car passed slowly in front of him. Jack Tatum, in his red Ford
Galaxie, drove past Tippit, who was talking to a man through the
passenger side car window. Tatum said the man was wearing a white
T-shirt, white jacket and had his hands in his pockets.   Several car
lengths behind Tatum was Domingo Benevides in his 1958 Chevrolet
pickup-"15 feet" from Tippit's police car.

Helen Markham was on the corner, 100 ft away. Tatum, Benevides and
Markham saw the young man walk up to the police car. When Tippit got out
of the car, the man walked around the front of the car and shot him.
Benevides ducked under the dash of his truck and Markham fell to her
knees and began screaming.

Jack Tatum watched the gunman walk to the rear of the police car, turn
and walk along the driver's side of the car and shoot Tippit in the head.
William Arthur Smith and Jimmy Burt jumped in Burt's 1952 blue Ford and
sped to the scene of the shooting. Burt got out of the car in time to see
Tippit's assailant walking south on Patton Street. Frank Wright, his
wife, and Acquilla Clemons heard shots and saw the assailant leave the
scene. Wright's wife called the police to report the shooting. Helen
Markham said the shooting was at 1:06 P.M., prior to the arrival of her
bus at 1:12. Mr. Bawley, driving west on 10th St., arrived at the scene
at 1:10 PM., according to his watch. He used Tippit's radio to report the
shooting. Look at the Police transcript.  The time of transmission is
listed as 1:10, then crossed out and changed to 1:19. The time of the
next broadcast is also crossed out and changed. If Markham, Bawley, and
the Police broadcast times are correct, Tippit was shot close to
1:10-when Harvey is sitting in the Texas Theater. The police and Warren
Commission place the time of the Tippit shooting at 1:16-just enough time
for Harvey to have jogged from his rooming house to 10th and Patton from
the east.

From these numerous witnesses, the time of Tippit's shooting can be as
early as 1:10 and as late as 1:15 PM. The Warren Commission fixed the
time as 1:16. Tippit's body was en route to the Hospital by the time the
Police arrived. Dallas Police Officer Westbrook found Oswald's brown
wallet next to where Tippit had fallen and showed it to FBI Agent
Barrett.  It seems unbelievable that a man would leave his wallet next to
a policeman he has just shot. But Barrett insists Oswald's wallet was
found at the Tippit murder scene. If Tippit's assailant was the man who
impersonated Harvey Oswald for the previous two months, then the wallet
was intentionally left at the scene of the Tippit shooting. Perhaps this
was Lee Oswald's last act of setting up Harvey as a "patsy". If so, it
left Lee with no identification. It also caused a problem for the police,
the man they arrested could not drive and did not have a drivers license.

Oswald walked briskly south on Patton passing within 60 feet of Ted
Callaway. Callaway noticed Oswald's white jacket and white shirt. Oswald
turned west on Jefferson and passed Mary Brock who described him as
wearing "light clothing". The police broadcast of Tippit's killer
described him as a "white male, 5'8", black hair, wearing a white jacket
and shirt. Oswald passed Hardy's Shoe store and slipped into to the Texas
Theater. Julia Postal, the cashier, called the police. Police broadcasts
reported the suspect in the balcony of the theater. When the police
arrived, they were told by a "young female", probably Julia Postal, that
the man was in the balcony. All policemen who entered the front of the
theater went to the balcony. They were questioning a young man when more
police entered the main floor of the theater from the rear entrance.

They were looking for a man in a white shirt and white jacket in the
balcony, but they arrested a man on the main floor wearing a brown shirt.
Captain Westbrook told the officers to "get him out of here as fast as
you can and don't let anybody see him". Harvey Oswald was brought out the
front entrance, placed in a police car and escorted to jail.

The police homicide report of Tippit's murder read "suspect was later
arrested in the balcony of the Texas neater at 231 W. Jefferson".
Detective Stringfellow's report states "Oswald was arrested in the
balcony of the Texas Theater". But the man in the balcony was not
arrested. He may have been escorted out the rear of the theater and
driven away in a police car. Bernard Haire, owner of a hobby shop two
doors from the theater, witnessed this event. For 25 years Mr. Haire and
other witnesses thought they had witnessed the arrest of Oswald at the
rear of the Texas Theater. Who was this person if not Lee Oswald? Three
police officers were directed to obtain the names and addresses of all
theater patrons, but no list exists. There is no police report, no record
of arrest, nor mention of any person taken from the rear of the theater.

Just after 2:00, Mr. T. F. White observed a man sitting in a red Ford
Falcon, with the engine running, in the El Chico parking lot behind his
garage just north of the Texas Theater. As Mr. White approached the car,
the driver sped off in a westerly direction on Davis St. Mr. White, who
later saw Oswald's picture on TV said the man was identical to Oswald and
wore a white T-shirt. This Oswald "sighting" shortly after Harvey
Oswald's arrest at the Texas Theater could have been a case of mistaken
identity. But Mr. White wrote down the vehicle's license plate number.
The plates belonged to a blue 1957 Plymouth 4 door sedan-not a red Ford
Falcon. The Plymouth belonged to Carl Mather, a long time employee of
Collins Radio and close friend of J D Tippit. Newsman and former Dallas
Mayor Wes Wise heard of the unusual Oswald sighting. Mr. Wise questioned
Mather about the incident. Mather was so nervous he could hardly talk and
said little. In 1977 the HSCA wanted to interview Mather about this
incident. He agreed, but not before he was granted immunity from
prosecution. Several HSCA documents regarding this incident remain
classified in the National Archives.

Harvey Oswald, arrested wearing a brown shirt, was taken out the front of
the theater and driven to the police station. But not a single witness
described Tippit's killer as wearing a "brown shirt" until four months
later. Some witnesses identified Harvey as Tippit's killer, some did not.
Once again witnesses had difficulty recognizing the difference between
Lee and Harvey Oswald-the same problem Laurel Kittrell had when she
interviewed both Oswalds at the Texas Employment Commission a month

Oswald and Tippit were seen at the Dobbs House and the Top Ten Record
Store at the same time. Tippit was at the GLOCO Station when the Oswald's
cab crossed the Houston St. Bridge. Tippit spoke to and was shot by
Oswald. License plates belonging to the car of Tippit's close friend,
Carl Mather, were seen on a car driven by Oswald shortly after the
assassination. There are either a lot of Oswald/Tippit coincidences or
Tippit was somehow involved.

Lee Oswald's Texas drivers license may have been found in the wallet left
at the Tippit shooting--the same drivers license shown to store clerk
Fred Moore hours earlier when Lee bought two beers. A Texas drivers
license belonging to Lee Oswald turned up at the Texas Department of
Public Safety the following week. Aletha Frair, and 6 employees of the
Dept. of Public Safety saw and handled Oswald's Texas drivers license. It
was dirty and worn as though it had been carried in a billfold. Mrs. Lee
Bozarth stated that she knew from direct personal experience there was a
Texas drivers license file for Lee Harvey Oswald.  The file had been
pulled shortly after the assassination. Lee Oswald had a Texas drivers
license. Harvey Oswald did not have a license.

Worldwide attention centered on Harvey Oswald after his arrest. Former
FBI Agent Gayton Carver said Oswald was being paid by the FBI as a
"potential security informant". When he said "now everyone will know who
I am", he knew his work as an undercover informant was finished. Harvey
Oswald, sitting in the Dallas jail, now had both the CIA and FBI
desperately trying to distance themselves from him, link him with Castro
and/or Cuba, frame him for the assassination, hide his true identity, and
create a legend that portrayed him as a "lone nut".

One hour after Oswald's arrest, Hoover wrote "Oswald made several trips
to Cuba; upon his return each time we interviewed him about what he went
to Cuba for and he answered that it was none of our business". If the FBI
interviewed Oswald each time he returned from Cuba, where are these
interviews? His 1961 trip to Cuba, known to Army Intelligence, would
conflict with Harvey Oswald in Russia at the same time. That one
interview would prove the FBI was aware of 2 Oswalds. If, on the other
hand, these interviews mentioned by Hoover were fictitious, then the FBI
director is maliciously attempting to link Oswald to Cuba-an hour after
his arrest.

The Director of Central Intelligence sent a message to Mexico City
stating "headquarters has received report that on day of President
Kennedy's assassination Cubana Aircraft delayed its departure Mexico City
five hours awaiting important passenger who arrived Mexico City airport
at 2130 hours Mexi time. Passenger transferred directly to Cubana plane
without going through customs or immigration. Traveled in pilots cabin to
Havana". This message is a hoax. Another attempt to link Cuba to the
assassination-- this time from CIA headquarters.

A rumor surfaced that Jack Ruby met with Fidel Castro to discuss the
murder as well as the smuggling of drugs and weapons. This lie, as well
as others, originated with former south Florida CIA operative Frank
Sturgis-- long time friend and associate of David Phillips, E. Howard
Hunt and their CIA collaborators from the Florida swamps. With FBI memos,
CIA dispatches, letters with no return addresses, newspaper articles,
rumors and false leads running rampant, it seemed like everyone was
blaming Oswald and linking him to Cuba--both before and after the
assassination. The framing of Harvey Oswald had worked. In his own words
Harvey told us "I'm just a patsy".

Lee Oswald was not in jail. In the early morning hours of November 23,
some 12 hours after the assassination, Mary Lawrence was working at the B
& B Restaurant-two doors from Jack Ruby's Vegas Club. She was the head
waitress and had known Jack Ruby for the past 8 years. She and the night
cashier saw Jack Ruby and a person identical to Lee Harvey Oswald in the
restaurant shortly after midnight. She reported this to the Dallas Police
and received a phone call on December 3, from an unknown male who stated
"if you don't want to die, you better get out of town". When subsequently
questioned by the Dallas Police, Mary Lawrence stated that the man with
Ruby was "positively Lee Harvey Oswald". Neither Mary Lawrence nor her
friend were interviewed by the Warren Commission.

Because two Oswalds and their connections to the intelligence community
had to be contained, the 1954 Stripling Junior High school records
disappeared within hours. Employment and wage records from Dolly Shoe,
Tujague's, and Pfisterers vanished, replaced with forged w-2 forms.
Oswald's drivers license and file disappeared. Oswald and his mother's
tax returns were classified. Witnesses whose testimony conflicted with
Oswald's official whereabouts were ignored. Oswald's possessions,
confiscated by the Dallas Police caused additional problems-particularly
Oswald's Minox spy camera.

The Dallas Police had photographed Oswald's possessions, including the
Minox camera and case. They turned over the undeveloped film to the FBI.
The FBI did not want to explain what a poor laborer like Oswald was doing
with a spy camera. When the FBI developed the film they produced a print
of the Minox camera that was unrecognizable. They later re-photographed
the items and produced a good quality print. But the Minox was gone-it
was replaced with a Minox lightmeter. They then coerced the Dallas Police
Department into changing their property invoice forms from a camera to a
light meter. But with a Minox camera case and Minox film also listed in
the Dallas Police inventory, there had to be a camera. Two months later
(January 31, 1964), Michael Paine conveniently provided his Minox camera,
serial number 27259, to the FBI. This camera was returned to the Paines
in June, 1964. In a television interview on the PBS television show
Frontline, Michael Paine confirmed the FBI returning his Minox camera. He
further stated that all of his photographic equipment was stolen 5 years
after the assassination-Michael Paine's Minox camera was gone forever.
But the National Archives still has a Minox camera, allegedly Oswald's,
available for public inspection. It was photographed in October, 1997 by
researcher Malcolm Blunt. But this camera does not have the initials of
Dallas Police officers Gus Rose or Stovall, who found the camera, which
suggests that the camera found in Oswald's seabag, and turned over to the
FBI, is not the camera at the National Archives. The FBI should explain
what happened to the Minox camera, handed over to them by the Dallas

Before they officially received Oswald's possessions from the Dallas
Police, the FBI sent the Minox film to their laboratory. They requested
"a comparison of Minox film recovered from possessions of Lee Harvey
Oswald with Minox film located in a New York FBI file to see if the films
were exposed in the same camera". The New York file is marked LOCFAB,
which is "Location-Foreign Agent Bureau." It is also marked ESP-R which
is Espionage--Russia ...... Someone in the FBI suspected that film found
in the Paines garage in Irving, Texas may have been exposed in the same
Minox camera as film in an espionage file in New York.

Harvey Oswald, double-crossed and sitting in jail, posed a grave danger
to the conspirators. This problem was eliminated when Jack Ruby killed
Harvey two days after the assassination. Mortician Paul Groody was asked
twice if he noted a mastoid scar on the left side of Oswald's neck from a
1945 mastoidectomy operation or scars near Oswald's left elbow from the
self inflicted gunshot wound in 1957. Groody noticed no such scars.

To keep investigative agencies from involving themselves with Kennedy's
murder, and possibly learning the truth, LBJ placed the investigation
under the control of the FBI and his long time friend, Hoover. The Warren
Commission was created to prevent a serious investigation from taking

Two days after the assassination the FBI investigation was all but
finished and reduced to writing. Subsequent investigation would either
support the Warren Commission report or be ignored.

A few people in the FBI and Warren Commission knew about the Oswald
problem, and how to handle it.  The task of acquiring background
information on Marguerite and Lee Oswald was assigned to Warren
Commission staff attorney John Ely. His report was given to Warren
Commission Attorney Albert Jenner. Jenner then wrote to Chief Counsel J.
Lee Rankin telling him that the background information on Marguerite and
Lee Oswald would require material alteration and in some cases omission.
Mr. Ely's original memoranda and notes are missing from Archival records.
Other background information on Marguerite and Lee is missing as well.
The Master list of Warren Commission exhibits lists all commission
documents. The New York school, court records and documents relating to
Oswald's family history from 1953 are marked "FBI-missing; Liebeler has"
indicating that the missing documents were last known to be in Warren
Commission Attorney Liebeler's possession. Several withdrawal cards show
the "biographical information on Lee Harvey Oswald" has been restricted
by the CIA. Government officials who tried to check into Oswald's
background, such as State Department of Security investigator Otto
Otepka, were re-assigned or removed from their jobs.

James A. Wilcott, a former CIA finance officer, told the House Select
Committee on Assassinations that Lee Oswald had been recruited from the
military by the CIA "with the express purpose of a double agent
assignment in the USSR". His testimony was ignored. In a telephone call
recorded by the FBI, Michael Paine said to his wife Ruth, "we both know
who's responsible for this". This potentially explosive admission was
never followed up by the FBI or Warren Commission.

The first 6 pages of this 7 page memo were redacted.  The last page says
"if there were some question about the identity of Oswald it would seem
that this question would have been raised by Oswald's mother  .....
Someone is questioning Oswald's identity, but they didn't realize that
Marguerite not only knew, but participated in the Lee and Harvey Oswald
scheme for years. Robert Oswald knew, lied to the Warren Commission, and
kept silent. John Pic knew, told the truth to the Warren Commission, and
was ignored.

Robert Oswald provided many damaging and misleading statements about Lee
Oswald which supported the government's conclusion of Oswald's guilt.
Many of Robert's stories and parts of his testimony before the Warren
Commission were fabrications. Robert said "One of Lee's favorite programs
was I Led Three Lives", the story of Herbert Philbrick, the FBI informant
who posed as a Communist spy. Lee watched that show every week without
fail. When I left home to join the Marines (July 11, 1952) he was still
watching the re-runs". "I Led Three Lives" was often mentioned to suggest
that Oswald had a vivid and fanciful imagination and was out of touch
with reality. But in this case, it was Robert Oswald who was out of touch
with reality. This TV program first aired in September, 1953-a year and
two months after Robert left home and joined the Marines.

Even physical evidence provided by Robert, such as the Imperial Reflex
camera allegedly used to take the backyard photos was suspect. It was not
provided until three months after the assassination. 

Adding to the rumors was Robert Blakey, former attorney for the House
Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA). For the past 20 years, Blakey
has been trying to sell the public on the idea that organized crime
killed Kennedy. Blakey says that because Oswald was raised by his uncle,
who had ties to organized crime, that Lee Oswald also had ties to
organized crime in New Orleans.

Let's set the record straight. Lee Oswald was in the care of his aunt and
uncle, Lillian and Dutz Murrett, between the ages of 1 and 2 while
Marguerite was working. From ages 3 to 5 he was placed in the Bethlehem
Orphans Asylum. From age 6-12 he was in the Dallas/Fort Worth area. From
ages 12 to age 14 he was in New York. The only time Lee Oswald could have
been raised by his uncle was between the ages of 1 and 2. Robert Blakey's
assertions that organized crime killed Kennedy are as worthless as his
statements connecting 2 year old Lee Oswald to organized crime.

Warren Commission members Hale Boggs and Richard Russell suspected a
conspiracy. Boggs advocated re-opening the investigation. However, before
he was able to introduce a bill re-opening the case, he and Alaska
Senator Nick Begich disappeared on a flight from Anchorage to Juneau. In
early 1964 Richard Russell asked Army Intelligence Colonel Phillip Corso
to quietly conduct an investigation into the "Oswald matter". Corso soon
reported to Senator Russell that there had been two United States
Passports issued to Lee Harvey Oswald and they had been used by two
different men. He obtained this information from Francis Knight, the head
of the US Passport office. He also reported to Senator Russell there were
two birth certificates in the name of Lee Harvey Oswald and they had been
used by two different people.

This information came from William Sullivan-head of the FBI's Domestic
Intelligence Division. Corso and Russell concluded the assassination had
been a conspiracy. Russell tried to resign from the Warren Commission,
but LBJ refused. A frustrated Russell stopped going to Warren Commission
meetings. Six years later Senator Russell spoke out and said he thought
there had been a criminal conspiracy behind Kennedy's murder. Russell
felt the FBI had deceived the Commission in two areas: one of these areas
was the ballistics evidence and the other area was Oswald's background.
Russell was correct-the FBI had withheld information that could have
exposed Oswald's dual identity. The New York and Stripling school
records, the original W-2 forms and the dozens of reports of Lee Oswald
in the US while Harvey was in Russia could have been given to the Warren
Commission. A letter written by Professor Vladimar Petrov could have
caused them to investigate, rather then speculate, about the origin of
Oswald's Russian speaking ability. Professor Vladimar Petrov, head of the
Slavic Language Department of Yale University, studied a letter Oswald
wrote to Senator John Tower. Petrov said "the person who wrote the letter
was a native speaking Russian with an imperfect knowledge of the English
language".  This could explain Oswald's grammatically incorrect English
as well as his exceptional command of the Russian language. Without this
type of information, Warren Commission members were left to speculate
when they encountered problems with Oswald's background.

The Warren Commission took altered and misleading information from the
lives of Lee Oswald and Harvey Oswald and created the legend of "Lee
Harvey Oswald". Authors such as Priscilla Johnson, Marguerite Oswald,
Gerald Ford, and Robert Oswald promoted the Oswald legend. The story of
Lee Harvey Oswald was so etched in the public's mind that the stage was
set for Warren Commission critics to investigate everything but Oswald.
In reality, the focus should have been on Oswald from the beginning.

In 1967 Jim Garrison and his staff recognized the discrepancies in
Oswald's background. Investigator Alberto Fowler told Carlos Bringuier
that Garrison had information that an identical double of Lee Harvey
Oswald existed and this individual was a "double agent" of the FBI. In a
memo to Lou Ivon, Garrison writes "If you really want to know what I
think, it is that Robert Oswald knew this returning defector was not
really Lee and this is what Robert's problem was the night of the
assassination when he found it necessary to take such a long drive to
think things out. He knew things were far more complicated than they
appeared on the surface". If the returning defector was not Robert's
brother, then Robert is not the uncle of June and Rachel Oswald. This
could explain why neither June nor Rachel have ever met, spoken to, or
received correspondence from Robert Oswald. In 34 years no communication
whatsoever from their "Uncle Robert". Things get complicated when one
person is substituted for another.

Now you can understand why documents and files relating to Lee Oswald are
still classified. There are nearly as many classified documents on
Marguerite Oswald as there are on Clay Shaw, George DeMohrenschildt,
Michael and Ruth Paine and David Ferrie--people with suspected ties to
our government intelligence agencies. There was much more to Marguerite
than simply the "mother" of the alleged assassin. Jack Ruby's tax returns
were published in the Warren Commission volumes while Marguerite's and
Lee Oswald's tax returns remain classified. When the ARRB was created in
1992, tax returns were specifically exempted from public disclosure. Why?
Because the wages and employment shown on the Oswald's tax returns would
not match the Warren Commission's version of their employment. Marina
Oswald has the authority to release Lee Harvey Oswald's tax returns but
has consistently refused to do so. Why? What reason could she possibly
have for refusing to release 40 year old tax returns? Because Marina may
have known. She insisted on seeing Oswald's body during his autopsy.
Marina entered the room, stood next to the body of Lee Harvey Oswald and
did a most curious thing. She raised his eye lids and looked at his eyes.
Four months later she told a French journalist "I had two husbands: Lee,
the father of my children, an affectionate and kind man; and Harvey
Oswald, the assassin of President Kennedy". If this statement is true,
then Marina knows enough about Lee and Harvey to not release the tax

Both Marguerite and Lee Oswald's income tax returns are marked
"classified" and unavailable to the public. So are the income tax returns
of John Smith and Minnie Smith for the same years. The names of John and
Minnie Smith cannot be found anywhere else in the world of the Kennedy
Assassination--not in the National Archives files, the Warren Commission
documents, HSCA files, or elsewhere. The only documents relating to John
and Minnie Smith are the "classified" income tax returns listed in the
National Archives master list of JFK documents. One has to wonder if John
Smith and Minnie Smith are pseudonyms for the second Lee and Marguerite
Oswald. Otherwise, who are these people and what possible relevance do
they or their tax returns have to the assassination?

The release of tax returns could expose Oswald's dual identity created by
the CIA and thereby indict elements of the government in the
assassination and its cover-up. The full extent of this cover-up remains
hidden within classified documents at the National Archives.

The next time you are confronted by supporters of the Warren Commission,
ask them to explain the fake W-2 forms, the missing Stripling records,
the 2 Minox cameras, the missing Dolly Shoe, Tujague and Pfisterer
employment records. Have them speak with Mr. Kudlaty, Fran Schubert,
Palmer McBride, William Wulf, or former Stripling students. Ask them why
documents and tax returns relating to Marguerite and Lee Oswald remain
classified. Show the photographs of Lee and Harvey Oswald.

Most of the cover-up had to do with protecting the identity of Oswald. He
was not created by the Mafia, the Cubans, the Russians or the Dallas
Police. He was a creation of the CIA  ........ years before the
assassination. This Warren Commission Exhibit appeared in newspapers at
the time of Oswald's "defection". (C. E. 2963) When each half of Oswald's
face is viewed separately. it is easy to see that this photo is a
composite--half of Harvey, the photos on top, and half of Lee, the lower
photos ..........   This is "Lee Harvey Oswald" ......... created by the
CIA ...... promoted by the Warren Commission.

Exposing and understanding the two "Oswalds" will not solve the Kennedy
assassination. It does give us insight into the capabilities of
intelligence operations. It allows us to understand why our government
agencies concealed their knowledge and involvement with Oswald. It helps
us understand why witness testimony was ignored, altered, and in some
cases omitted. It helps us understand why evidence was altered,
fabricated and destroyed. We begin to understand why so many witnesses
disappeared, died mysteriously or committed suicide. We finally realize
why Harvey Oswald was not allowed to stand trial and had to be

After 34 years, many pieces to this puzzle are falling into place and if
you understand who Harvey and Lee Oswald really were, who created them
and who directed them, then you will know who was responsible for the
assassination of John Kennedy.

Thank you.